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Biology Class 7 ICSE CISCE Topics and Syllabus

Academic year:

Units and Topics

100 Tissue -
200 Kingdom Classification -
300 Plant Life -
400 Human Body -
500 Health and Hygiene -
 Total -


100 Tissue
101 Plant Tissues
  • Definition of tissue.
  • Classification of plant tissues: Meristematic and permanent (simple and complex).
  • Meristematic tissues: characteristics (any two), simple structure, location, function, examples.
  • Simple permanent tissues: parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma (simple structure, location and functions of each), examples.
  • Complex permanent tissues: xylem, phloem (only nature of cells and function. Elements of xylem and phloem not to be mentioned).
102 Animal Tissues
  • Epithelial tissue: simple location, and function (types of epithelial tissue not to be mentioned).
  • Connective tissue location and functions of areolar, adipose, bone, cartilage, blood, ligament, tendon.
  • Muscular tissue: location and one function of:
     striated (voluntary or skeletal muscle),
     unstriated (involuntary/ smooth muscle),
     cardiac (specialized muscle).
  • Nerve tissue: parts of the neuron (cell body, Dendron, axon).
200 Kingdom Classification
201 Kingdoms in Plants

Meaning and concept of classification.

Need and advantages of Classification.  Characteristics of each kingdom with suitable examples:
(i) Monera: bacteria - shape; useful bacteria, harmful bacteria (applications related to daily life to be discussed);
(ii) Protista: Amoeba - basic structure and life processes (nutrition, locomotion, respiration, excretion and reproduction – by binary and multiple fission);
(iii)Fungi: basic structure of mould, nutrition and respiration in mould, useful fungi, harmful fungi (applications
related to daily life to be discussed);
(iv) Plantae: characteristics and examples (classification of plantae not to be discussed);

202 Kingdoms in Animals

(a) Vertebrates.
(b)Invertebrates: 9 major Phyla, Porifera, Cnidaria, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, nematoda, Annelida,
Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata)
(Two characteristics and two examples of each Phylum).

300 Plant Life
301 Photosynthesis
  • Definition, basic process, factors affecting
    photosynthesis: (light, carbon dioxide, water, chlorophyll), the significance of photosynthesis, setup.
  • Experiment to demonstrate the photosynthesis process.
302 Respiration

The basic process, word equation; respiration as a process which releases energy; respiration in plants:
two types (aerobic and anaerobic: basic concept,
word equations for both, examples).

Respiration and photosynthesis in plants, a difference in both processes.

400 Human Body
401 Excretory System

Excretion: Definition.

Organs and their excretory products (kidneys, sweat glands, lungs)

Renal Excretory System - kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra (location and functions to be explained along with the diagram);

Role of kidneys in filtration of blood through millions of nephrons (details not required, the structure of nephron not to be discussed); common disorders of the urinary system: Urinary Tract Infection, the kidney stone.

402 Nervous System
  • Main parts: brain, spinal cord, nerves.
  • Brain: cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla oblongata (location and function).
  • Spinal cord: location and function.
  • Nerves: what are nerves; their general function.
500 Health and Hygiene
501 Allergy
  • Concept of allergy.
  • Allergens: Common allergens like dust, pollen grain, mites, strong sunlight, particular food items.
  • Entry routes of allergens: mouth, nose, skin.
  • Symptoms of allergic reaction.
  • Types of allergies: seasonal and perennial with examples.
  • Precautions and care to be taken by a person who is prone to allergies.
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