Units and Topics
- Tissues – “The Teams of Workers”
- Permanent Tissue and Their Types
- Plant Tissues and Its Types
- Definition of tissue.
- Classification of plant tissues: Meristematic and permanent (simple and complex).
- Meristematic tissues: characteristics (any two), simple structure, location, function, examples.
- Simple permanent tissues: parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma (simple structure, location and functions of each), examples.
- Complex permanent tissues: xylem, phloem (only nature of cells and function. Elements of xylem and phloem not to be mentioned).
- Epithelial tissue: simple location, and function (types of epithelial tissue not to be mentioned).
- Connective tissue location and functions of areolar, adipose, bone, cartilage, blood, ligament, tendon.
- Muscular tissue: location and one function of:
striated (voluntary or skeletal muscle),
unstriated (involuntary/ smooth muscle),
cardiac (specialized muscle).
- Nerve tissue: parts of the neuron (cell body, Dendron, axon).
- Meaning and Concept of Classification of Plant
- Need and Advantages of Classification
- Five Kingdom Classification
- Concept of Kingdoms in Plants
Meaning and concept of classification.
Need and advantages of Classification. Characteristics of each kingdom with suitable examples:
(i) Monera: bacteria - shape; useful bacteria, harmful bacteria (applications related to daily life to be discussed);
(ii) Protista: Amoeba - basic structure and life processes (nutrition, locomotion, respiration, excretion and reproduction – by binary and multiple fission);
(iii)Fungi: basic structure of mould, nutrition and respiration in mould, useful fungi, harmful fungi (applications
related to daily life to be discussed);
(iv) Plantae: characteristics and examples (classification of plantae not to be discussed);
- Five Kingdom Classification
- Concept of Vertebrates
- Invertebrata and Vertebrata
(b)Invertebrates: 9 major Phyla, Porifera, Cnidaria, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, nematoda, Annelida,
Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata)
(Two characteristics and two examples of each Phylum).
- Concept of Photosynthesis - Definition and Basic Process
- Factors Affecting Photosynthesis: (Light, Carbon Dioxide, Water, Chlorophyll)
- Significance of Photosynthesis, Setup.
- Experiment to Demonstrate the Photosynthesis Process.
- Definition, basic process, factors affecting
photosynthesis: (light, carbon dioxide, water, chlorophyll), the significance of photosynthesis, setup.
- Experiment to demonstrate the photosynthesis process.
- Concept for Respiration in Animal
- Basic Process, Word Equation of Respiration
- Respiration in Plants - Aerobic and Anaerobic
- Respiration and Photosynthesis in Plants
- Difference in Respiration and Photosynthesis
The basic process, word equation; respiration as a process which releases energy; respiration in plants:
two types (aerobic and anaerobic: basic concept,
word equations for both, examples).
Respiration and photosynthesis in plants, a difference in both processes.
- Excretion: Substances to Be Eliminated
- The Excretory Organs - Kidneys, Sweat Glands, Lungs
- Renal Excretory System - Kidneys, Ureter, Urinary Bladder, Urethra
- Role of Kidneys in Filtration of Blood Through Nephrons
- Common Disorders of the Urinary System - Urinary Tract Infection
- Common Disorders of the Urinary System: the Kidney Stone
Organs and their excretory products (kidneys, sweat glands, lungs)
Renal Excretory System - kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra (location and functions to be explained along with the diagram);
Role of kidneys in filtration of blood through millions of nephrons (details not required, the structure of nephron not to be discussed); common disorders of the urinary system: Urinary Tract Infection, the kidney stone.
- Concept of Nervous System
- Main Parts of Nervous System: Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves.
- Concept of Brain - Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Medulla Oblongata
- Concept of Spinal Cord: Location and Function
- Concept of Nerves and Function
- Main parts: brain, spinal cord, nerves.
- Brain: cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla oblongata (location and function).
- Spinal cord: location and function.
- Nerves: what are nerves; their general function.
- Concept of Allergy
- Concept of Allergens - Dust, Pollen Grain, Mites, Strong Sunlight, Particular Food Items
- Entry Routes of Allergens: Mouth, Nose, Skin
- Symptoms of Allergic Reaction
- Types of Allergies: Seasonal and Perennial
- Concept for Precautions and Care for Prone to Allergies.
- Precautions and care to be taken by a person who is prone to allergies
- Human Disease
- Concept of allergy.
- Allergens: Common allergens like dust, pollen grain, mites, strong sunlight, particular food items.
- Entry routes of allergens: mouth, nose, skin.
- Symptoms of allergic reaction.
- Types of allergies: seasonal and perennial with examples.
- Precautions and care to be taken by a person who is prone to allergies.
Books For All Subjects
- Concise Biology - Middle School for Class 7 ICSE