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Sociology Class 12 CBSE (Commerce) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Sociology: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 12. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CBSE Class 12 Sociology syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 12 Sociology Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CBSE Class 12 Sociology Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 12 Sociology in addition to this.

Academic year:
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100 Introducing Indian Society
200 Demographic Structure and Indian Society

-Some Theories and Concepts in Demography

  • The Malthusian Theory of Population Growth
  • The Theory of Demographic Transition
  • Common Concepts and Indicators

-Size and Growth of India’S Population

-Age Structure of the Indian Population

-The Declining Sex-ratio in India


-Rural-urban Differences

-Population Policy in India

300 Social Institutions - Continuity and Change
  • Caste and the Caste System 
    • Caste in the Past
    • Colonialism and Caste
    • Caste in the Present
    • Introduction of Caste
    • Definitions of Caste
  • Tribal Communities 
    • Classifications of Tribal Societies
    • Tribe – the Career of a Concept
    • Mainstream Attitudes Towards Tribes
    • Tribal Identity Today
  • Family and Kinship 
    • Definition and features (MacIver’s features);
    • Functions of family to be discussed explaining the reasons for its universal existence.
    • Types of family: consanguineous and conjugal family (family of origin and procreation), matriarchal and atriarchal
      family (matripotestal, patripotestal and
      avuncupotestal), nuclear and joint families.
    • Structural changes (disintegration of the joint family), functional changes;
    • Factors responsible for the changes.
    • Small family norm.

-Caste and the Caste System

  • Caste in the Past
  • Colonialism and Caste
  • Caste in the Present

-Tribal Communities

  • Classifications of Tribal Societies
  • Tribe – the Career of a Concept
  • Mainstream Attitudes Towards Tribes
  • Tribal Identity Today

-Family and Kinship

  • Nuclear and Extended Family
  • The Diverse Forms of the Family
400 Market as a Social Institution

-Sociological Perspectives on Markets and the Economy

  • Caste-based Markets and Trading Networks in Precolonial and Colonial India
  • Social Organisation of Markets – ‘Traditional Business Communities’
  • Colonialism and the Emergence of New Markets

-Understanding Capitalism as a Social System

  • Commoditisation and Consumption

-Globalisation – Interlinking of Local, Regional, National and International Markets

  • The Virtual Market – Conquering Time and Space?
  • Debate on Liberalisation – Market Versus State
500 Pattern of Social Inquality and Exclusion

-What is Social About Social Inequality and Exclusion?

  • Social Inequality
  • Social Exclusion

-Caste and Tribe – Systems Justifying and Perpetuating Inequality

  • The Caste System as a Discriminatory System
  • Untouchability
  • State and Non-state Initiatives Addressing Caste and Tribe Discrimination
  • The Other Backward Classes
  • Adivasi Struggles

-Struggle for Women’s Equality and Rights

-The Struggles of the Disabled

600 The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

-Cultural Communities and the Nation-state

  • The Importance of Community Identity
  • Communities, Nations and Nation-states
  • Cultural Diversity and the India1n Nation-state – an Overview

-Regionalism in the Indian Context

-The Nation-state and Religion-related Issues and Identities

  • Minority Rights and Nation Building
  • Communalism, Secularism and the Nation-state

-State and Civil Society

700 Suggestions for Project Work
800 Structural Change

-Understanding Colonialism

-Urbanisation and Industrialisation

  • The Colonial Experience
  • The Tea Plantations
  • Industrialisation in Independent India
  • Urbanisation in Independent India
900 Cultural Change

-Social Reform Movements in the 19th and Early 20th Century

-How Do We Approach the Study of Sanskritisation, Modernisation, Secularisation and Westernisation

-Different Kinds of Social Change

  • Sanskritisation
  • Westernisation
  • Modernisation and Secularisation
1000 The Story of Indian Democracy

-The Indian Constitution

  • The Core Values of Indian Democracy
  • Constituent Assembly Debates: a History
  • Competing Interests: the Constitution and Social Change
  • Constitutional Norms and Social Justice: Interpretation to Aid Social Justice

-The Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Rural Social Transformation

  • Ideals of Panchayati Raj
  • Powers and Responsibilities of Panchayats
  • Panchayati Raj in Tribal Areas
  • Democratisation and Inequality

-Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics

1100 Change and Development in Rural Society

-Agrarian Structure: Caste and Class in Rural India

-The Impact of Land Reforms

  • The Colonial Period
  • Independent India

-The Green Revolution and Its Social Consequences

-Transformations in Rural Society After Independence

-Circulation of Labour

-Globalisation, Liberalisation, and Rural Society

1200 Change and Development in Industrial Society

-Images of Industrial Society

-Industrialisation in India

  • The Specificity of Indian Industrialisation
  • Industrialisation in the Early Years of Indian Independence
  • Globalisation, Liberalisation and Changes in Indian Industry

-How People Find Jobs

-How is Work Carried Out?

-Working Conditions

-Home-based Work

-Strikes and Unions

1300 Globalisation and Social Change

-Are Global Interconnections New to World and to India

  • The Early Years
  • Colonialism and the Global Connection
  • Independent India and the World

-Understanding Globalisation

  • The Different Dimensions of Globalisation
  • Global Communications
  • Globalisation and Labour
  • Globalisation and Employment
  • Globalisation and Political Changes
  • Globalisation and Culture
  • Gender and Culture
  • Culture of Consumption
  • Corporate Culture
1400 Mass Media and Communication Process

-The Beginnings of Modern Mass Media

-Mass Media in Independent India

  • The Approach
  • Radio
  • Television
  • Print Media

-Globalisation and the Media

  • Print Media
  • Television
  • Radio
1500 Social Movements

-Features of a Social Movement

  • Distinguishing Social Change and Social Movements

-Sociology and Social Movements

  • Why the Study of Social Movements is Important for Sociology
  • Theories of Social Movements

-Types of Social Movements

  • One Way of Classifying: Reformist, Redemptive, Revolutionary
  • Another Way of Classifying: Old and New

-Ecological Movements

-Class Based Movements

  • Peasant Movements
  • Workers’ Movements

-Caste Based Movements

  • The Dalit Movement
  • Backward Class Castes Movements
  • The Upper Caste Response

-The Tribal Movements

  • Jharkhand
  • The North East

-The Women’s Movement

  • The 19th Century Social Reform Movements and Early Women’S Organisations
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