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Social Science Class 9 CBSE CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Academic year:

Topics with syllabus and resources

1.00 India and the Contemporary World - 1

Section I: Events and Processes

I. The French Revolution

II. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

III. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

Section II: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies

IV. Forest Society and Colonialism

V. Pastoralists in the Modern World

1.10 The French Revolution

French Society During the Late Eighteenth Century

  • The Struggle to Survive
  • How a Subsistence Crisis Happens
  • A Growing Middle Class Envisages an End to Privileges

The Outbreak of the Revolution

  • France Becomes a Constitutional Monarchy
  • Reading political symbols

France Abolishes Monarchy and Becomes a Republic

  • The Reign of Terror
  • A Directory Rules France

Did Women have a Revolution?

The Abolition of Slavery

The Revolution and Everyday Life

1.20 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

The Age of Social Change

  • Liberals, Radicals and Conservatives
  • Industrial Society and Social Change
  • The Coming of Socialism to Europe
  • Support for Socialism

The Russian Revolution

  • The Russian Empire in 1914
  • Economy and Society
  • Socialism in Russia
  • A Turbulent Time: The 1905 Revolution
  • The First World War and the Russian Empire

The February Revolution in Petrograd

  • After February
  • The Revolution of October 1917

What Changed after October?

  • The Civil War
  • Making a Socialist Society
  • Stalinism and Collectivisation

The Global Influence of the Russian Revolution and the USSR

1.30 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

Birth of the Weimar Republic

  • The Effects of the War
  • Political Radicalism and Economic Crises
  • The Years of Depression

Hitler’s Rise to Power

  • The Destruction of Democracy
  • Reconstruction

The Nazi Worldview

  • Establishment of the Racial State
  • The Racial Utopia

Youth in Nazi Germany

  • The Nazi Cult of Motherhood
  • The Art of Propaganda

Ordinary People and the Crimes Against Humanity

  • Knowledge about the Holocaust
1.40 Forest Society and Colonialism

Why Deforestation?

  • Land to be Improved
  • Sleepers on the Tracks
  • Plantations

The Rise of Commercial Forestry

  • How were the Lives of People Affected?
  • How did Forest Rules Affect Cultivation?
  • Who could Hunt?
  • New Trades, New Employments and New Services

Rebellion in the Forest

  • The People of Bastar
  • The Fears of the People

Forest Transformations in Java

  • The Woodcutters of Java
  • Dutch Scientific Forestry
  • Samin’s Challenge
  • War and Deforestation
  • New Developments in Forestry
1.50 Pastoralists in the Modern World

Pastoral Nomads and their Movements

  • In the Mountains
  • On the Plateaus, Plains and Deserts

Colonial Rule and Pastoral Life

  • How Did these Changes Affect the Lives of Pastoralists?
  • How Did the Pastoralists Cope with these Changes?

Pastoralism in Africa

  • Where have the Grazing Lands Gone?
  • The Borders are Closed
  • When Pastures Dry
  • Not All were Equally Affected
2.00  Contemporary India - 1

India – Size and Location

Physical Features of India

Drainage

Climate

Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Population

2.10 India – Size and Location

Indian - Size and Location

India and the World

India’s Neighbours

2.20 Physical Features of India

Major Physiographic Divisions

  • The Himalayan Mountains
  • The Northern Plains
  • The Peninsular Plateau
  • The Indian Desert
  • The Coastal Plains
  • The Islands
2.30 Drainage

Drainage Systems in India

The Himalayan Rivers

The Peninsular Rivers

Lakes

Role of Rivers in the Economy

River Pollution

2.40 Climate

Introduction of Climate

Climatic Controls

Factors Affecting India’s Climate

  • Latitude
  • Altitude
  • Pressure and Winds

The Indian Monsoon

The Onset of The Monsoon and Withdrawal

The Seasons

  • The Cold Weather Season (Winter)
  • The Hot Weather Season (Summer)

Distribution of Rainfall

Monsoon as a Unifying Bond

2.50 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Relief

  • Land
  • Soil

Climate

  • Temperature
  • Photoperiod (Sunlight )
  • Precipitation

Ecosystem

Types of Vegetation

  • Tropical Evergreen Forests
  • Tropical Deciduous Forests
  • The Thorn Forests and Scrubs
  • Montane Forests
  • Mangrove Forests

Wildlife

2.60 Population

Population Size and Distribution

  • India’s Population Size and Distribution by Numbers
  • India’s Population Distribution by Density

Population Growth and Processes of Population Change

  • Population Growth
  • Processes of Population Change/Growth
  • Age Composition
  • Sex Ratio
  • Literacy Rates
  • Occupational Structure
  • Health
  • Adolescent Population
  • National Population Policy
  • NPP 2000 and Adolescents
3.00 Democratic Politics - 1
3.10 What is Democracy? Why Democracy?

What is Democracy?

Features of Democracy

  • Major decisions by elected leaders
  • Free and fair electoral competition
  • One person, one vote, one value
  • Rule of law and respect for rights

Why Democracy?

  • Debating merits of democracy
  • Arguments against democracy
  • Arguments for democracy

Broader Meanings of Democracy

3.20 Constitutional Design

Democratic Constitution in South Africa

  • Struggle against apartheid
  • Towards a new constitution

Why Do We Need a Constitution

Making of the Indian Constitution

  • The path to Constitution
  • The Constituent Assembly

Guiding Values of the Indian Constitution

  • The Dream and the Promise
  • Philosophy of the Constitution
  • Institutional design
3.30 Electoral Politics
  • Why Elections? 
    • Assembly Election in Haryana
    • Why do we need elections?
    • What makes an election democratic?
    • Is it good to have political competition?
  • What is Our System of Elections? 
    • Electoral constituencies
    • Reserved Constituencies
    • Voters’ list
    • Nomination of candidates
    • Election Campaign
    • Polling and counting of votes
  • What Makes Elections in India Democratic? 
    • Independent Election Commission
    • Popular participation
    • Acceptance of election outcome
    • Challenges to free and fair elections

Why Elections?

  • Assembly Election in Haryana
  • Why do we need elections?
  • What makes an election democratic?
  • Is it good to have political competition?

What is Our System of Elections?

  • Electoral constituencies
  • Reserved Constituencies
  • Voters’ list
  • Nomination of candidates
  • Election Campaign
  • Polling and counting of votes

What Makes Elections in India Democratic?

  • Independent Election Commission
  • Popular participation
  • Acceptance of election outcome
  • Challenges to free and fair elections
3.40 Working of Institutions

How is a Major Policy Decision Taken

  • A Government Order
  • The Decision Makers
  • Need for Political Institutions

Parliament

  • Why do we need a Parliament?
  • Two Houses of Parliament

Political Executive

  • Political and Permanent Executive
  • Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
  • Powers of the Prime Minister
  • The President

The Judiciary

3.50 Democratic Rights

Life Without Rights

  • Prison in Guantanamo Bay
  • Citizens’ Rights in Saudi Arabia
  • Ethnic massacre in Kosovo

Rights in a Democracy

  • What are rights?
  • Why do we need rights in a democracy?

Rights in the Indian Constitution

  • Right to Equality
  • Right to Freedom
  • Right against Exploitation
  • Right to Freedom of Religion
  • Cultural and Educational Rights
  • How can we secure these rights?

Expanding Scope of Rights

4.00 Economics

The Story of Village Palampur

People as Resource

Poverty as a Challenge

Food Security in India

4.10 The Story of Village Palampur
  • Organisation of Production 
  • Farming in Palampur 
    • Land is fixed
    • Is there a way one can grow more from the same land?
    • Will the land sustain?
    • How is land distributed between the farmers of Palampur?
    • Who will provide the labour?
    • The capital needed in farming
    • Sale of Surplus Farm Products
  • Non-farm Activities in Palampur 
    • Dairy — the other common activity
    • An example of small-scale manufacturing in Palampur
    • The shopkeepers of Palampur
    • Transport: a fast developing sector

Organisation of Production

Farming in Palampur

  • Land is fixed
  • Is there a way one can grow more from the same land?
  • Will the land sustain?
  • How is land distributed between the farmers of Palampur?
  • Who will provide the labour?
  • The capital needed in farming
  • Sale of Surplus Farm Products

Non-Farm Activities in Palampur

  • Dairy — the other common activity
  • An example of small-scale manufacturing in Palampur
  • The shopkeepers of Palampur
  • Transport: a fast developing sector
4.20 People as Resource

Introduction of people as resource

Economic Activities by Men and Women

Quality of Population

  • Education
  • Health

Unemployment

4.30 Poverty as a Challenge

Introduction of Poverty as a Challenge

Two Typical Cases of Poverty

  • Urban Case
  • Rural case

Poverty as seen by social scientists

  • Poverty Line
  • Poverty Estimates
  • Vulnerable Groups
  • Inter-State Disparities
  • Global Poverty Scenario
  • Causes of Poverty
  • Anti-Poverty Measures
  • The Challenges Ahead
4.40 Food Security in India

Food Security in India

  • What is food security?
  • Why food security?
  • Who are food-insecure?

What is Buffer stock?

What is the Public Distribution System?

Current Status of the Public Distribution System

Role of cooperatives in food security

5.00 Disaster Management
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