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Social Science Class 8 CBSE CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Topics with syllabus and resources

1.00 Our Pasts - 3

Our Pasts - 3 Part - 1

  1. How, When and Where
  2. From Trade to Territory - the Company Establishes Power
  3. Ruling the Countryside
  4. Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
  5. When People Rebel - 1857 and After
  6. Colonialism and the City - the Story of an Imperial Capital

Our Pasts - 3 Part - 2

  1. Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners
  2. Civilising the "Native", Educating the Nation
  3. Women, Caste and Reform
  4. The Changing World of Visual Arts
  5. The Making of the National Movement: 1870s - 1947
  6. India After Independence
1.01 How, When and Where

How Important are Dates

  • Which dates?
  • How do we periodise?
  • What is colonial?

How do we Know?

  • Administration produces records
  • Surveys become important
  • What official records do not tell
1.02 From Trade to Territory - the Company Establishes Power

East India Company Comes East

  • East India Company begins trade in Bengal
  • How trade led to battles
  • The Battle of Plassey
  • Company officials become “nabobs”

Company Rule Expands

  • Tipu Sultan – The “Tiger of Mysore”
  • War with the Marathas
  • The claim to paramountcy
  • The Doctrine of Lapse

Setting Up a New Administration

  • The Company army
1.03 Ruling the Countryside
  • The Company Becomes the Diwan 
    • Revenue for the Company
    • The need to improve agriculture
    • The problem
    • A new system is devised
    • The Munro system
    • All was not well
  • Crops for Europe 
    • Does colour have a history?
    • Why the demand for Indian indigo?
    • Britain turns to India
    • How was indigo cultivated?
    • The problem with nij cultivation
    • Indigo on the land of ryots
  • The "Blue Rebellion" and After 

The Company Becomes the Diwan

  • Revenue for the Company
  • The need to improve agriculture
  • The problem
  • A new system is devised
  • The Munro system
  • All was not well

Crops For Europe

  • Does colour have a history?
  • Why the demand for Indian indigo?
  • Britain turns to India
  • How was indigo cultivated?
  • The problem with nij cultivation
  • Indigo on the land of ryots

The "Blue Rebellion" and After

1.04 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age

How did Tribal Groups Live?

  • Some were jhum cultivators
  • Some were hunters and gatherers
  • Some herded animals
  • Some took to settled cultivation

How did Colonial Rule Affect Tribal Lives?

  • What happened to tribal chiefs?
  • What happened to the shifting cultivators?
  • Forest laws and their impact
  • The problem with trade
  • The search for work

A Closer Look

  • Birsa Munda
1.05 When People Rebel - 1857 and After

Policies and the People

  • Nawabs lose their power
  • The peasants and the sepoys
  • Responses to reforms

Through the Eyes of the People

A Mutiny Becomes a Popular Rebellion

  • From Meerut to Delhi
  • The rebellion spreads

The Company Fights Back

Aftermath

1.06 Colonialism and the City - the Story of an Imperial Capital

What Happened to Cities Under Colonial Rule?

  • How many ‘Delhis’ before New Delhi?

The Making of New Delhi

  • Demolishing a past
  • Planning a new capital
  • Life in the time of Partition

Inside the Old City

  • The decline of havelis
  • The Municipality begins to plan
1.07 Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners

Indian Textiles and the World Market

  • Words tell us histories
  • Indian textiles in European markets
  • Who were the weavers?
  • The decline of Indian textiles
  • Cotton mills come up

The Sword of Tipu Sultan and Woots Steel

  • Abandoned furnaces in villages
  • Iron and steel factories come up in India
1.08 Civilising the "Native", Educating the Nation

How the British saw Education?

  • The tradition of Orientalism
  • “Grave errors of the East”
  • Education for commerce

What Happened to the Local Schools?

  • The report of William Adam
  • New routines, new rules

The Agenda for a National Education

  • “English education has enslaved us”
  • Tagore’s “abode of peace”
1.09 Women, Caste and Reform
  • Working Towards Change 
    • Changing the lives of widows
    • Girls begin going to school
    • Women write about women
  • Caste and Social Reform 
    • Demands for equality and justice
    • Gulamgiri
    • Who could enter temples?
    • The Non-Brahman movement

Working Towards Change

  • Changing the lives of widows
  • Girls begin going to school
  • Women write about women

Caste and Social Reform

  • Demands for equality and justice
  • Gulamgiri
  • Who could enter temples?
  • The Non-Brahman movement
1.10 The Changing World of Visual Arts

New Forms of Imperial Art

  • Looking for the picturesque
  • Portraits of authority
  • Painting history

What Happened to the Court Artists?

The New Popular Indian Art

The Search for a National Art

  • The art of Raja Ravi Varma
  • A different vision of national art
1.11 The Making of the National Movement: 1870s - 1947

The Emergence of Nationalism

  • A nation in the making
  • “Freedom is our birthright”

The Growth of Mass Nationalism

  • The advent of Mahatma Gandhi
  • The Rowlatt Satyagraha
  • Khilafat agitation and the Non-Cooperation Movement
  • People’s initiatives
  • The people’s Mahatma
  • The happenings of 1922-1929

The March to Dandi

Quit India and Later

  • Towards Independence and Partition
1.12 India After Independence

A New and Divided Nation

A Constitution is Written

How were States to be Formed?

Planning for Development

The Nation, Sixty Years On

2.00 Resources and Development
  1. Resources
  2. Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources
  3. Mineral and Power Resources
  4. Agriculture
  5. Industries
  6. Human Resources
2.10 Resources

Types of Resources

  • Natural Resources
  1. Renewable
  2. Non-renewable
  • Human Made Resources

Conserving Resources

2.20 Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources
  • Land 
    • Land Use
    • Conservation of Land Resource
  • Soil 
    • Factors of Soil Formation
    • Degradation of Soil and Conservation Measures
  • Water 
    • Problems of Water Availability
    • Conservation of Water Resources
  • Natural Vegetation and Wildlife 
    • Distribution of Natural Vegetation
    • Conservation of Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Land

  • Land Use
  • Conservation of Land Resource

Soil

  • Factors of Soil Formation
  • Degradation of Soil and Conservation Measures

Water

  • Problems of Water Availability
  • Conservation of Water Resources

Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

  • Distribution of Natural Vegetation
  • Conservation of Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
2.30 Mineral and Power Resources

Types of Minerals

  • Metallic
  1. Ferrous
  2. non-ferrous
  • Non-metallic

Distribution of Minerals

  • Asia
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America
  • Africa
  • Australia
  • Antarctica

Uses of Minerals

Conservation of Minerals

Power Resources

  • Conventional Sources
  1. Firewood
  2. Coal
  3. Petroleum
  4. Natural Gas
  5. Hydel Power
  • Non-conventional Sources of Energy
  1. Solar energy
  2. Wind Energy
  3. Nuclear Power
  4. Geothermal Energy
  5. Tidal Energy
  6. Biogas
2.40 Agriculture

Farm System

Types Of Farming

  • Subsistence farming
  • Commercial farming

Agricultural Development

  • A Farm in India
  • A Farm in the USA
2.50 Industries

Classification of Industries

  • Raw Materials
  • Size
  • Ownership

Factors Affecting Location of Industries

  • Industrial System
  • Industrial Regions

Distribution Of Major Industries

  • Iron and Steel Industry
  • Cotton Textile Industry
2.60 Human Resources

Distribution of Population

Density of Population

Factors Affecting Distribution of Population

  • Geographical Factors
  1. Topography
  2. Climate
  3. Soil
  4. Water
  5. Minerals
  • Social, Cultural and Economic Factors

Population Change

  • Patterns of Population Change

Population Composition

3.00 Social and Political Life - 3

Unit One: The Indian Constitution and Secularism

Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution
Chapter 2: Understanding Secularism

Unit Two: Parliament and The Making of Laws

Chapter 3: Why do we need a Parliament?
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws

Unit Three: The Judiciary

Chapter 5: Judiciary
Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Unit Four: Social Justice and The Marginalised

Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation
Chapter 8: Confronting Marginalisation

Unit Five: Economic Presence of the Government 

Chapter 9: Public Facilities
Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice

3.01 The Indian Constitution

Why Does a Country Need a Constitution?

The Indian Constitution: Key Features

  • Federalism
  • Parliamentary Form of Government
  • Separation of Powers
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Secularism
3.02 Understanding Secularism

What is Secularism?

Why is it Important to Separate Religion from the State?

What is Indian Secularism?

3.03 Why Do We Need a Parliament?

Why should People Decide?

People and their Representatives

The Role of the Parliament

  • To Select the National Government
  • To Control, Guide and Inform the Government
  • Law-Making

Who are the People in Parliament?

3.04 Understanding Laws

Do Laws Apply to All?

How Do New Laws Come About?

Unpopular and Controversial Laws

 

3.05 Judiciary

What is the Role of the Judiciary?

  • Dispute Resolution
  • Judicial Review
  • Upholding the Law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights

What is an Independent Judiciary?

What is the Structure of Courts in India?

What are the Different Branches of the Legal System?

  • Criminal Law
  • Civil Law

Does Everyone Have Access to the Courts?

 

3.06 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Concept of Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

What is the Role of the Police in Investigating a Crime?

What is the Role of the Public Prosecutor?

What is the Role of the Judge?

What is a Fair Trial?

3.07 Understanding Marginalisation

What Does it Mean to be Socially Marginalised?

Who are Adivasis?

Adivasis and Stereotyping

Adivasis and Development

Minorities and Marginalisation

Muslims and Marginalisation

3.08 Confronting Marginalisation

Invoking Fundamental Rights

Laws for the Marginalised

Protecting the Rights of Dalits and Adivasis

Adivasi Demands and the 1989 Act

3.09 Public Facilities

Water and the People of Chennai

Water as Part of the Fundamental Right to Life

Public Facilities

The Government’s Role

Water Supply to Chennai: Is it Available to All?

In Search of Alternatives

3.10 Law and Social Justice

Concept of Law and Social Justice

What is a Worker’s Worth?

Enforcement of Safety Laws

New Laws to Protect the Environment

 

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