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Social Science Class 10 CBSE (English Medium) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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CBSE Syllabus For Class 10 Social Science: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 10. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CBSE Class 10 Social Science syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 10 Social Science Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 10 Social Science in addition to this.

Academic year:
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C India and the Contemporary World 2

Term 2
In Sub-unit 1.01 students are required to choose any two themes. In that sub-unit, theme 3 is compulsory and for second theme students are required to choose any one from the first two themes.

In Sub-units 1.02 and 1.03 students are required to choose any one theme from each. Thus all students are required to study four themes in all.

101 Livelihoods, Economies and Societies

1. The making of Global World:

  1. The Pre-modern world 
  2. The Nineteenth Century global economy, colonialism)
  3. The Inter war Economy (Great Depression)
  4. Rebuilding the World Economy

2. The Age of Indutrialisation:

  1. Proto-industrialization and pace of industrial change
  2. Life of workers
  3. Industrialization in the colonies
  4. Early Entrepreneurs & workers
  5. The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
  6. Market for Goods

3. Work, Life and Leisure:

  1. Development of modern cities due to Industrialization in London & Bombay.
  2. Housing and Land Reclamation
  3. Social Changes in the cities
  4. Cities and the challenge of the Environment
102 Events and Processes

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe:

  1. The growth of nationalism in Europe after the 1830s.
  2. The ideas of Giuseppe Mazzini, etc.
  3. General characteristics of the movements in Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and Greece.

2. The Nationalist Movement in Indo - China: Factors Leading to Growth of Nationalism in Indo-China

  1. French colonialism in Indo-China.
  2. Phases of struggle against the French.
  3. The ideas of Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Boi Chau, HO Chi Minh
  4. The second world war and the liberation struggle.
  5. America and the second Indo-China war.

3. Nationalism in India:

  1. Impact of First world war, Khilafat, Non-Cooperation and Differing Strands within the Movement
  2. Salt Satyagraha.
  3. Movements of peasants, workers, tribals.
  4. Limits of Civil Disobedience.
  5. Sense of Collective Belonging
103 Everyday Life, Culture and Politics

1. Print Culture and the Modern World:

  1. The history of print in Europe.
  2. The growth of press in nineteenth century India.
  3. Relationship between print culture, public debate and politics.

2. Novels, Society and History:

  1. Emergence of the novel as a genre in the west.
  2. The relationship between the novel and changes in modern society.
  3. Early novels in nineteenth century India.
  4. A study of two or three major writers.
CC Contemporary India 2


  • Understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilisation and conservation.
  • Identify various types of farming and discuss the various farming methods; Describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relationship between rainfall regimes and cropping pattern.
  • Explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms since independence.
  • Understand the importance of forest and wild life in our environment as well as develop concept towards depletion of resources.
  • Understand the importance of agriculture in national economy.
  • Understand the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards its judicious use and conservation.
  • Discuss various types of minerals as well as their uneven nature of distribution and explain the need for their judicious utilisation.
  • Discuss various types of conventional and non- conventional resources and their utilization.
  • Discuss the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of industries in some areas.
  • Discuss the need for a planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development.
  • To explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever shrinking world.
  • To understand the role of trade in the economic development of a country.
201 Forest and Wildlife Resources
202 Minerals and Energy Resources
  • Types of minerals, distribution, use and economic importance of minerals, conservation, types of power resources: conventional and non- conventional, distribution and utilization, and conservation.
203 Agriculture
  • Types of farming, major crops, cropping pattern, technological and institutional reforms; their impact; contribution of Agriculture to national economy-employment and output.
204 Water Resources
205 Manufacturing Industries
  • Types, spatial distribution, contribution of industries to the national economy, industrial pollution and degradation of environment, measures to control degradation. (One case study to be introduced)
207 Resources and Development
  • Types - natural and human; Need for resource planning, natural resources, land as a resource, soil types and distribution; changing land-use pattern; land degradation and conservation measures.
CCC Democratic Politics 2


  • Analyse the relationship between social cleavages and political competition with reference to Indian situation.
  • Understand and analyse the challenges posed by communalism to Indian democracy.
  • Understand the enabling and disabling effects of caste and ethnicity in politics.
  • Develop a gender perspective on politics.
  • Introduce students to the centrality of power sharing in a democracy.
  • Understand the working of spatial and social power sharing mechanisms.
  • Analyse federal provisions and institutions.
  • Understand the new Panchayati Raj institutions in rural and urban areas.
  • Understand the vital role of struggle in the expansion of democracy.
  • Analyse party systems in democracies.
  • Introduction to major political parties in the country.
  • Analyse the role of social movements and non- party political formations.
  • Introduction to the difficult question of evaluating the functioning of democracies.
  • Develop the skills of evaluating Indian democracy on some key dimensions : development, security and dignity for the people.
  • Understand the causes for continuation of democracy in India.
  • Distinguish between sources of strength and weaknesses of Indian democracy.
  • Reflect on the different kinds of measures possible to deepen democracy.
  • Promote an active and participatory citizenship.
301 Power Sharing
  • Why and how is power shared in democracies?
  • How has federal division of power in India helped national unity?
  • To what extent has decentralisation achieved this objective?
  • How does democracy accommodate different social groups?
304 Political Parties
  • shape democracy in favour of ordinary people?
  • What role do political parties play in competition and contestation?
  • Which are the major national and regional parties in India?
  • Why have social movements come to occupy large role in politics?
305 Popular Struggles and Movements
  • shape democracy in favour of ordinary people?
  • What role do political parties play in competition and contestation?
  • Which are the major national and regional parties in India?
  • Why have social movements come to occupy large role in politics?
306 Democracy and Diversity
  • Are divisions inherent to the working of democracy?
  • What has been the effect of caste on politics and of politics on caste?
  • How has the gender division shaped politics?
  • How do communal divisions affect democracy?
307 Challenges to Democracy
  • Is the idea of democracy shrinking?
  • What are the major challenges to democracy in India?
  • How can democracy be reformed and deepened?
  • What role can an ordinary citizen play in deepening democracy?
308 Outcomes of Democracy
  • Can or should democracy be judged by its outcomes?
  • What outcomes can one reasonably expect of democracies?
  • Does democracy in India meet these expectations?
  • Has democracy led to development, security and dignity for the people?
  • What sustains democracy in India?
CD Understanding Economic Development


  • Familiarisation of some macroeconomic concepts.
  • Sensitizing the child about the rationale for overall human development in our country, which include the rise of income, improvements in health and education rather than income.
  • It is necessary to raise question in minds of the children whether the increase in income alone is sufficient for a nation.
  • How and why people should be healthy and provided with education.
  • Familiarize the concept of money as an economic concept.
  • Create awareness of the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day-to- day life.
  • To make aware of a major employment generating sector.
  • Sensitise the learner of how and why governments invest in such an important sector.
  • Provide children with some idea about how a particular economic phenomenon is influencing their surroundings and day-to-day life.
  • Making the child aware of her rights and duties as a consumer;
  • Familiarizing the legal measures available to protect from being exploited in markets.
401 Consumer Rights
  • How consumer is exploited (one or two simple case studies) factors causing exploitation of consumers;
  • Rise of consumer awareness;
  • how a consumer should be in a market;
  • role of government in consumer protection.
402 Sectors of the Indian Economy
  • Sectors of Economic Activities; Historical change in sectors;
  • Rising importance of tertiary sector;
  • Employment Generation;
  • Division of Sectors- Organised and Unorganised;
  • Protective measures for unorganised sector workers.
403 Development

The traditional notion of development; National Income and Percapita Income. Growth of National Income - critical appraisal of existing development indicators (PCI, IMR, SR and other income and health indicators) The need for health and educational development; Human Development Indicators (in simple and brief as a holistic measure of development.

404 Money and Credit: Role of Money in an Economy
  • Formal and Informal financial institutions for Savings and Credit - General Introduction;
  • Select one formal institution such as a nationalized commercial bank and a few informal institutions; Local money lenders, landlords, self help groups, chit funds and private finance companies.
405 Globalisation and the Indian Economy
  • Production across countries, Foreign trade and Interaction of Markets, what is Globalization? Factors, WTO, Impact, Fair Globalization
D Data Filling
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