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Science Class 10 CBSE CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Academic year:

Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour
101.00 Carbon Compounds
  • Covalent bonding in carbon compounds.
  • Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series.
  • Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.
  • Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction).
  • Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.
103.00 Periodic Classification of Elements
  • Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties
104.00 Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.
105.00 Chemical Reactions
  • Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions:- combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.
200.00 World of Living
201.00 Heredity and Evolution
  • Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits:
  • Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.
202.00 Reproduction
  • Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning.
  • Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS.
  • Child bearing and women’s health.
203.00 Control and Co-ordination in Animals and Plants
  • Tropic movements in plants;
  • Introduction of plant hormones;
  • Control and co-ordination in animals:
  • Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action;
  • Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.
204.00 Life Processes
  • ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.
300.00 Natural Phenomena
  • Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.
  • Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.
  • Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens; Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.
  • Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.
400.00 Effects of Current
401.00 Magnetic Effects of Current
  • Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule.
  • Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current.
  • Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Direct current.
  • Alternating current : frequency of AC.
  • Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.
402.00 Effects of Current
  • Electric current, potential difference and electric current.
  • Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends.
  • Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life.
  • Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life.
  • Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.
500.00 Natural Resources
501.00 Management of Natural Resources
  • Conservation and judicious use of natural resources.
  • Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.
502.00 Our Environment
  • Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions.
  • Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.
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