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Political Science Class 12 CBSE (Arts) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Academic year:

Units and Topics


1 Contemporary World Politics
1.1 Cold War Era
  • Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war. Arenas of the cold war.
  • Challenges to Bipolarity:- Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic order.
  • India and the cold war.
1.3 US Hegemony in World Politics
  • Growth of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq.
  • Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology.
  • India's renegotiation of its relationship with the USA.
1.4 Alternative Centres of Power
  • Rise of China as an economic power in post-Maoera, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN. India's changing relations with China.
1.5 Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
  • Democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, Impact of economic globalization on the region.
  • Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia. India's relations with its neighbours.








1.6 International Organizations
  • Restructuring and the future of the UN. India's position in the restructured UN.
  • Rise of new international actors:- new international economic organisations, NGOs.
  • How democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance?









1.7 Security in Contemporary World
1.8 Environment and Natural Resources
  • Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms.
  • Conflicts over traditional and common property resources.
  • Rights of indigenous people. India's stand in global environmental debates.










1.9 Globalisation
  • Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of consequences of globalisation. Anti-globalisation movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it.









2 Politics in India since Independence
2.1 Challenges of Nation-building
  • Nehru's approach to nation-building; Legacy of partition:- challenge of 'refugee' resettlement, the Kashmir problem.
  • Organisation and reorganization of states; Political conflicts overlanguage.
2.2 Era of One-party Dominance
  • First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.
2.3 Politics of Planned Development
  • Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests.
  • Famine and suspension of five year plans.
  • Green revolution and its political fallouts.






2.4 India'S External Relations
  1. Nehru's foreign policy.
  2. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971.
  3. India's nuclear programme.
  4. Shifting alliance in world politics.







2.5 Challenges to the Congress System
  • Political succession after Nehru. Non-Congressism and electoral upset of 1967, Congress split and reconstitution, Congress' victory in 1971 elections, politics of 'garibi hatao'.
2.6 Crisis of the Democratic Order
  • Search for 'committed' bureaucracy and judiciary.
  • Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement.
  • Emergency:- context, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, resistance to emergency.
  • 1977 elections and the format on of Janata Party.
  • Rise of civil liberties organisations.
2.7 Rise of Popular Movements
2.8 Regional Aspirations
  • Rise of regional parties. Punjab crisis and the anti Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir situation.Challenges and responses in the North East.
2.9 Recent Developments in Indian Politics
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