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Physics Class 11 Science (English Medium) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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CBSE Syllabus For Class 11 Physics: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 11. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CBSE Class 11 Physics syllabus for the academic year 2023-2024 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 11 Physics Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus pdf 2023-2024. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 11 Physics in addition to this.

Academic year:
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CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Physical World and Measurement

1 Physical World
  • Physics 
    • What is Physics?
    • Two principal thrusts in physics:
      1) Unification
      2) Reduction
  • Scope and Excitement of Physics 
  • Nature of Physical Laws 
    • How do physical laws come into existence?
    • Conservation laws in physics
      1) Law of conservation of energy
      2) Law of conservation of linear momentum
      3) Law of conservation of angular momentum
      4) Law of conservation of charge
  • Physics Related to Technology and Society 
    • Physics related to technology and society
      1) Physics related to technology
      2) Physics related to society
  • Fundamental Forces in Nature 
    • Fundamental Forces of Physics
    1. Gravitational Force
    2. Electromagnetic Force
    3. Strong Nuclear Force
    4. Weak Nuclear Force
    5. Towards Unification of Forces
102 Units and Measurements
  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities; dimensional analysis and its applications.

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Kinematics

201 Motion in a Plane
  • Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors; general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors; multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors; relative velocity; Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors.
  • Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
202 Motion in a Straight Line
  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity - time and position-time graphs.
  • Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force; Inertia; Newton's first law of motion; momentum and Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion.
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces; Static and kinetic friction; laws of friction; rolling friction; lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion:- Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Work, Energy and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy; work-energy theorem; power.
  • Notion of potential energy; potential energy of a spring; conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

501 System of Particles and Rotational Motion
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system; momentum conservation and centre of mass motion.
  • Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force; torque; angular momentum; law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies; rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion; comparison of linear and rotational motions.
  • Moment of inertia; radius of gyration; values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
  • Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Gravitation

  • Kepler's laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation.
  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential; Escape velocity; orbital velocity of a satellite; Geo-stationary satellites

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Properties of Bulk Matter

701 Mechanical Properties of Fluids
  • Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications(hydraulic lift and hydraulic brales); effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
702 Thermal Properties of Matter
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv - calorimetry; change of state - latent heat capacity.
  • Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein's displacement Law, Stefan's law, Green house effect.
703 Mechanical Properties of Solids
  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics) Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes, Heat engines and refrigerators.

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases

901 Kinetic Theory
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure.
  • Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro's number

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for Oscillations and Waves

1001 Oscillations
  • Periodic motion- time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions.
  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period..
  • Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
1002 Waves
  • Reflection of Transverse and Longitudinal Waves 
    • transverse wave
    • capillary waves and gravity waves
  • Displacement Relation for a Progressive Wave 
    • Simple harmonic progressive wave
    • Characteristics of Simple Harmonic (SH) Progressive wave
    • Relation between phase difference, path difference and time difference
    • Amplitude and Phase
    • Wavelength and Angular Wave Number
    • Period, Angular Frequency and Frequency
  • The Speed of a Travelling Wave 
    • Speed of a Transverse Wave on Stretched String
    • Speed of a Longitudinal Wave Speed of Sound
  • Principle of Superposition of Waves 
    • Superposition principle
    • Some important terms
      1) Phase
      2) Phase difference
      3) Path difference
    • Resultant amplitude due to superposition
    • Resultant intensity due to superposition
  • Reflection of Waves 
    • Standing Waves and Normal Modes 
      • Stationary Waves (Standing waves)
      • Stationary waves are of two types: Longitudinal and Transverse stationary waves
      • Nodes
      • Antinodes
      • Characteristics of stationary waves
      • Difference between progressive waves and stationary waves
      • Terms related to the application of stationary waves: Note, Tone, Fundamental note and fundamental frequency, Harmonics, Overtones, Octave, Unison, Resonance.
      • Standing Waves in Strings
      • Harmonics and overtone
      • Laws of vibrating string
        1) Law of length
        2) Law of mass
        3) Law of density
        4) Law of tension
      • Organ Pipes: Closed and Open Organ Pipe
      • End correction
      • Energy in a standing wave
      • Fundamental Mode and Harmonics
      • fundamental mode or the first harmonic, second harmonic
  • Beats 
    • Analytical method to determine beat frequency
    • Applications of beats
  • Doppler Effect 
    • Source Moving and Listener Stationary
    • Listener Approaching a Stationary Source with Velocity vL
    • Both Source and Listener are Moving
    • Common Properties between Doppler Effect of Sound and Light
    • Major Differences between Doppler Effects of Sound and Light
    • Effect of wind velocity on Doppler's effect in sound
    • Applications of Doppler's effect
  • Wave Motion 
    • Wave motion
    • Characteristics of wave motion
    • Mechanical waves
    • Types of Mechanical waves
      1) Transverse waves
      2) Longitudinal waves
    • Difference between transverse waves and longitudinal waves
  • Speed of Wave Motion 
    • Terms involved in wave motion
    • Velocity of transverse wave on string
    • Velocity of longitudinal wave (Sound wave)
    • Factors affecting velocity of sound in gaseous medium
      1) Effect of pressure at constant temperature
      2) Effect of temperature
      3) Effect of density
      4) Effect of humidity
  • Wave motion:- Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of wave motion, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and hanmonics, Beats, Doppler effect
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