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History Class 12 CBSE (Commerce) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 History: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 12. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CBSE Class 12 History syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 12 History Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus pdf 2022-2023. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 12 History in addition to this.

Academic year:

CBSE Class 12 History Revised Syllabus

CBSE Class 12 History and their Unit wise marks distribution

CBSE Class 12 History Course Structure 2022-2023 With Marking Scheme

#Unit/TopicWeightage
I  Bricks, Beads and Bones: the Harappan Civilisation 
II  Kings, Farmers and Towns: Early States and Economies 
III  Kinship, Caste and Class: Early Societies 
IV  Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings: Cultural Developments 
V  Through the Eyes of Travellers: Perceptions of Society 
VI  Bhakti - Sufi Traditions: Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts 
VII  An Imperial Capital Vijayanagara 
VIII  Peasants, Zamindars and the State: Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire 
IX  Kings and Chronicles: the Mughal Courts 
X  Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official Archives 
XI  Rebels and the Raj: 1857 Revolt and Its Representations 
XII  Colonial Cities: Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture 
XIII  Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement: Civil Disobedience and Beyond 
XIV  Understanding Partition: Politics, Memories, Experiences 
XV  Framing the Constitution: the Beginning of a New Era 
C  Themes in Indian History Part 1 
101  Political and Economic History - How Inscriptions tell a story. 
102  A History of Buddhism - Sanchi Stupa 
103  The Story of the First Cities - Harappan Archaeology 
104  Social Histories - Using the Mahabharata 
CC  Themes in Indian History Part 2 
201  Medieval Society Through Traveller'S Accounts 
202  New Architecture - Hampi 
203  The Mughal Court - Reconstructing Histories Through Chronicles 
204  Religious Histories - The Bhakti-sufi Tradition 
205  Agrarian Relations - The Ain-i- Akbari 
CCC  Themes in Indian History Part 3 
301  Colonialism and Rural Society - Evidence From Official Reports 
302  Mahatma Gandhi Through Contemporary Eyes 
303  Colonialism and Indian Towns - Town Plans and Municipal Reports 
304  Partition Through Oral Sources 
305  Representations of 1857 
306  Map Work 
307  The Making of the Constitution 
 Total -
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Syllabus

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Bricks, Beads and Bones: the Harappan Civilisation

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Kings, Farmers and Towns: Early States and Economies

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Kinship, Caste and Class: Early Societies

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings: Cultural Developments

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Through the Eyes of Travellers: Perceptions of Society

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Bhakti - Sufi Traditions: Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for An Imperial Capital Vijayanagara

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Peasants, Zamindars and the State: Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Kings and Chronicles: the Mughal Courts

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official Archives

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Rebels and the Raj: 1857 Revolt and Its Representations

  • Pattern of the Rebellion 
    • How the mutinies began
    • Lines of communication
    • Leaders and followers
    • Rumours and prophecies
    • Why did people believe in the rumours
  • Awadh in Revolt 
    • “A cherry that will drop into our mouth one day”
    • “The life was gone out of the body”
    • Firangi raj and the end of a world
  • What the Rebels Wanted 
    • The vision of unity
    • Against the symbols of oppression
    • The search for alternative power
  • Repression 
  • Images of the Revolt 
    • Celebrating the saviours
    • English women and the honour of Britain
    • Vengeance and retribution
    • The performance of terror
    • No time for clemency
    • Nationalist imageries

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Colonial Cities: Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement: Civil Disobedience and Beyond

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Understanding Partition: Politics, Memories, Experiences

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Framing the Constitution: the Beginning of a New Era

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Themes in Indian History Part 1

101 Political and Economic History - How Inscriptions tell a story.

Broad overview: Poilitical and economic history from the Mauryan to the Gupta period.

Story of discovery: Inscriptions and the decipherment of the script. Shifts in the understanding of political and economic history.

Excerpt: Asokan inscription and Gupta period land grant.

Discussion: Interpretation of inscriptions by historians.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize thelearner with major trends in the political and economic history of the subcontinent.
  • Introduce inscriptional analysis and the ways in which these have shaped the understanding of political and economic processes.
102 A History of Buddhism - Sanchi Stupa

Broad overview:

  1. A brief review of religious histories of Vedic religion, Jainism, Vaisnavism, Saivism.
  2. Focus on Buddhism.

Story of discovery: Sanchistupa
Excerpt: Reproduct on of sculptures from Sanchi.
Discussion: Waysin which sculpture has been interpreted by historians, other sources for reconstructing the history of Buddhism.

Objectives- 

  • Discuss the major religious developments in early India.
  • Introduce strategies of visual analysis and their usein reconstructing histories of religion.
103 The Story of the First Cities - Harappan Archaeology

Broad overview: Early urban centres. Story of discovery: Harappan civilization
Excerpt: Archaeological report on a major site.
Discussion: How it has been utilized by archaeologists/historians.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize thelearner with early urban centres as economic and social institutions.
  • Introduce the ways in which new data canlead to a revision of existing notions of history.
  • Illustrate how archaeological reports
104 Social Histories - Using the Mahabharata

Broad overview: Issues in social history,including caste, class, kinship and gender.

Story of d scovery: Transmission and publications of the Mahabharata.

Excerpt: from the Mahabharata, illustrating howit has been used by historians.

Discussion: Other sources for reconstruct ng social history.

Objectives- 

  • Familiarize the learner with issues in social history.
  • Introduce strategies of textual analysis and their use in reconstructing social history

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Themes in Indian History Part 2

201 Medieval Society Through Traveller'S Accounts

Broad overview:
Outline of social and cultural life as they appearin travelers' accounts.
Story of thef r wrftfngs: A discussion of where they travelled, why they travelled, what they wrote, and for whom they wrote.
Excerpts: from Alberuni, lbn Batuta, Bernier.
Discussion: What these travel accounts can tell us and how they have beeninterpreted by historians.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize the learner with the salient features of social histories described by the travelers.
  • Discuss how travelers' accounts can be used as sources of social history.
202 New Architecture - Hampi

Broad overview:

  1. Outline of new buildings during Vijayanagar period-temples, forts, irrigation facilities.
  2. Relationship between architecture and the political system.

Story of Discovery: Account of how Hampi was found.

Excerpt: Visuals of buildings at Hampi

Discussion: Ways in which historians have analyzed and interpreted these structures.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize thelearner with the new buildings that were built during the time.
  • Discuss the ways in which architecture can be analyzed to reconstruct history.
203 The Mughal Court - Reconstructing Histories Through Chronicles

Broad overview:

  1. Outline of political history 15th-17th centuries.
  2. Discussion of the Mughal court and politics.

Story of Discovery: Account of the production of court chronicles, and their subsequent translation and transmission.

Excerpts: from the Akbarnama and Padshahnama.

Discussion: Waysin which historians have used the texts to reconstruct political histories.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize the learner with the major landmarks in political history.
  • Show how chronicles and other sources are used to reconstruct the histories of political institutions. 
204 Religious Histories - The Bhakti-sufi Tradition

Broad overview:

  1. Outline of religious developments during this period.
  2. Ideas and practices of the Bhakti-Sufi saints.

Story of Transmission: How Bhakti-Sufi compositions have been preserved.
Excerpt: Extracts from selected Bhakti-Sufi works.
Discussion: Ways in which these have been interpreted by historians.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize the learner with religious developments.
  • Discuss ways of analyzing devotional literature as sources of history.
205 Agrarian Relations - The Ain-i- Akbari

Broad overview:

  1. Structure of agrarian relationsin the 16th and 17th centuries.
  2. Patterns of change over the period.

Story of Discovery: Account of the compilation and translation of Ain-i Akbari.
Excerpt: from the Ain-i Akbari
Discussion: Waysin which historians have used the text to reconstruct history.

Objectives-

  • Discuss developments in agrarian relations.
  • Discuss how to supplement official documents with other sources.

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus for Themes in Indian History Part 3

301 Colonialism and Rural Society - Evidence From Official Reports

Broad overview:

  1. Life of zamindars, peasants and artisans in the late 18th century
  2. East India Company, revenue settlements and surveys.
  3. Changes over the nineteenth century.

Story of official records: An account of why official investigat ons into rural societies were undertaken and the types of records and reports produced.
Excerpts: From Firminger's Fifth Report, Accounts of Frances Buchanan-Hamilton, and Deccan Riots Report.
Discussion: What the official records tell and do not tell, and how they have been used by historians.

Objectives-

  • Discuss how the events of 1857 are being reinterpreted.
  • Discuss how visual material can be used by historians.
302 Mahatma Gandhi Through Contemporary Eyes

Broad overview: 

  1. The Nationalist Movement 1918 ·48.
  2. The nature of Gandhian politics and leadership.

Focus: Mahatma Gandhiin 1931.
Excerpts: Reports from English and Indian language newspapers and other contemporary writings.
Discussion: How newspapers can be a source of history.

Objectives-

  • Discuss the last decade of the national movement, the growth of communalism and the story of part tion.
  • Understand the events through the experience of those who lived through these years of communal violence.
  • Show the possibilit es and limits of oral sources.
303 Colonialism and Indian Towns - Town Plans and Municipal Reports

Broad overview: The growth of Mumbai, Chennai, hill stations and cantonments in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Excerpts: Photographs and paintings. Plans of cities. Extract from town plan reports.

Focus on Kolkata town planning.

Discussion: How the above sources can be used to reconstruct the history of towns. What these sources do not reveal.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize the learner with significant elements of the National st Movement and the nature of Gandhianleadership.
  • Discuss how Gandhi was perceived by different groups.
  • Discuss how historians need to read and interpret newspapers, diaries and letters as historical source.
304 Partition Through Oral Sources

Broad overview:

  1. The history of the 1940s.
  2. Nationalism, Communalism and Partition. Focus: Punjab and Bengal.

Excerpts: Oral test monies of those who experienced parttion.
Discussion: Ways in which these have been analyzed to reconstruct the history of the event.

Objectives-

  • Familiarize students with the history of the early years after independence.
  • Discuss how the founding ideals of the new nation state were debated and formulated.                                
  • Understand how such debates and discussions can be read by historians.
305 Representations of 1857

Broad overview:

  1. The events of 1857-58.
  2. How these events were recorded and narrated.

Focus: lucknow.

Excerpts: Pictures of 1857. Extracts from contemporary accounts.

Discussion: How the pictures of 1857 shaped British opinion of what had happened.

Objectives-

  • Famil arize the Learner with the history of modern urban centres. Discuss how urban histories can be written by drawing on different types of sources.
306 Map Work
307 The Making of the Constitution

Broad overview:

  1. Independence and the new nation state.
  2. The making of the Constitution.
    Focus: The Constitutional Assembly debates.

Excerpts: from the debates.

Discussion: What such debates reveal and how they can be analyzed.

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