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Geography Class 11 CBSE (Science) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Academic year:

Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Geography as a Discipline
  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
  • Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
  • Scope and Career Options
200.00 The Earth
  • Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth
  • Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects
300.00 Landforms
  • Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
  • Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation
  • Landforms and their evolution.
400.00 Climate


500.00 Water (Oceans)
  • Basics of Oceanography
  • Oceans- distribution of temperature and salinity
  • Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.
  • Ocean resources and pollution
600.00 Life on the Earth
  • Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance
700.00 Introduction
  • Location, space relations, India's place in the world.
800.00 Physiography
  • Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.
  • Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers
900.00 Climate, Vegetation and Soil
  • Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts; Climatic types (Koeppen)
  • Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves
  • Soils - major types (lCAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.
1000.00 Natural Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management
  • Floods, Cloudbursts
  • Droughts: types and impact
  • Earthquakes and Tsunami
  • Cyclones: features and impact
  • Landslides
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