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Geography Class 11 CBSE (Commerce) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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CBSE Syllabus For Class 11 Geography: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 11. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CBSE Class 11 Geography syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 11 Geography Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus pdf 2022-2023. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 11 Geography in addition to this.

Academic year:
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Syllabus

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for India Physical Environment

1 India — Location
2 Structure and Physiography
3 Drainage System
4 Climate
5 Natural Vegetation
6 Soils
7 Natural Hazards and Disasters

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for Fundamentals of Physical Geography

1 Geography as a Discipline
2 The Origin and Evolution of the Earth
3 Interior of the Earth
  • Interior of the Earth 
    • The Crust
    • The Mantle
    • The Core
  • Sources of Information About the Interior 
    • Direct Sources
    • Indirect Sources
  • Earthquake 
    • Earthquake
    • Shadow zone
    • Causes of Earthquakes
    • Earthquake Zones in India
    • Why does the earth shake?
    • Earthquake Waves
    1. Propagation of Earthquake Waves
    2. Emergence of Shadow Zone
    3. Types of Earthquakes
    4. Measuring Earthquakes
    • Effects of Earthquake
  • Structure of the Earth 
    • The Crust
    • The Mantle
    • The Core
  • Volcanoes and Volcanic Landforms 
    • Volcanoes
    1. Shield Volcanoes
    2. Composite Volcanoes
    3. Caldera
    4. Flood Basalt Provinces
    5. Mid-Ocean Ridge Volcanoes
    • Volcanic Landforms
    1. Intrusive Forms
    1. Batholiths
    2. Lacoliths
    3. Lapolith, Phacolith, and Sills
    4. Dykes
4 Distribution of Oceans and Continents
5 Minerals and Rocks
6 Geomorphic Processes
  • Geomorphic Processes 
    1. Internal Processes
    • Plate Tectonics
    • Types of Plate Boundaries
    1. Convergent Boundary
    2. Divergent Boundary
    3. Conservative/Transform Boundary
    • Movements of Continental Plates
    • Earthquake
    • Seismic Waves
    • Tsunami
    • Volcanoes
    1. Active Volcano
    2. Dormant Volcano (or) Sleeping Volcano
    3. Extinct or Dead Volcano
    4. Composite Volcano
    5. Volcanic Dome
    6. Shield Volcano
    • Distribution of Earthquakes and Volcanoes
    • Effect Of Volcanoes
    1. Constructive Effects
    2. Destructive Effects 
  • Endogenic Processes 
    • Diastrophism
    • Volcanism
  • Exogenic Processes 
  • Weathering Processes 
    • Chemical Weathering Processes
    • Physical Weathering Processes
    • Biological Activity and Weathering
    • Special Effects of Weathering
    • Significance of Weathering
  • Mass Movements 
    • Landslides
  • Erosion and Deposition 
  • Soil Formation 
    • Soil Formation
    • Factors of Soil Formation
    1. Parent Rock
    2. Relief
    3. Flora, Fauna, and Micro-organism
    4. Climate
    5. Time
7 Landforms and Their Evolution
  • Introduction to Landforms and Their Evolution 
  • Running Water 
    • The characteristics of each of the stages of landscapes developing in running water regimes may be summarised as follows:
    1. Youth
    2. Mature
    3. Old
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Valleys
    2. Potholes and Plunge Pools
    3. Incised or Entrenched Meanders
    4. River Terraces
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Alluvial Fans
    2. Deltas
    3. Floodplains, Natural Levees and Point Bars
    4. Meanders
  • Groundwater 
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Pools, Sinkholes, Lapies, and Limestone Pavements
    2. Caves
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Stalactites, Stalagmites and Pillars
  • Glaciers 
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Cirque
    2. Horns and Serrated Ridges
    3. Glacial Valleys/Troughs
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Moraines
    2. Eskers
    3. Outwash Plains
    4. Drumlins
  • Waves and Currents 
  • High Rocky Coasts 
  • Low Sedimentary Coasts 
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Cliffs, Terraces, Caves, and Stacks
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Beaches and Dunes
    2. Bars, Barriers, and Spits
  • Winds 
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Pediments and Pediplains
    2. Playas
    3. Deflation Hollows and Caves
    4. Mushroom, Table, and Pedestal Rocks
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Sand Dunes
8 Composition and Structure of Atmosphere
9 Solar Radiation, Heat Balance and Temperature
10 Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems
11 Water in the Atmosphere
12 World Climate and Climate Change
13 Water (Oceans)
  • Hydrologic Cycle Or Water Cycle 
  • Components of Hydrologic Cycle 
    • Evapotranspiration
    1. Evaporation
    2. Transpiration 
    3. Condensation
    • Forms of Condensation
    1. Dew
    2. Frost
    3. Fog
    4. Mist
    5. Clouds
  • The Relief of Ocean Floor 
    • Divisions of the Ocean Floors
    1. Continental Shelf
    2. Continental Slope
    3. Deep Sea Plain
    4. Oceanic Deeps or Trenches
    • Minor Relief Features
    1. Mid-Oceanic Ridges
    2. Seamount
    3. Submarine Canyons
    4. Guyots
    5. Atoll
  • Temperature of Ocean Waters 
    • Factors Affecting Temperature Distribution
    1. Latitude
    2. Unequal distribution of land and water
    3. Prevailing wind
    4. Ocean currents
    • Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of Temperature
  • Salinity of Ocean Waters 
    • Factors affecting ocean salinity
    • Horizontal Distribution of Salinity
    • Vertical Distribution of Salinity
14 Movements of Ocean Water
  • Introduction to Movements of Ocean Water 
  • Waves in Ocean Water 
  • Tides 
    • Importance of Tides
  • Types of Tides 
    • Tides based on Frequency
    1. Semi-diurnal tide
    2. Diurnal tide
    3. Mixed tide
    • Tides based on the Sun, Moon, and the Earth Positions
    1. Spring tides
    2. Neap tides
  • Ocean Currents 
    • Their circulation pattern and effects. (Specifically of Gulf Stream, North Atlantic Drift, Labrador Current, Kuro Shio, and Oya Shio.)
    • Types of Ocean Currents:-
    • Based on depth
    1. Surface currents
    2. Deep water currents
    • Based on temperature
    1. Cold currents
    2. Warm currents
    • Major Ocean Currents
    • Effects of Ocean Currents
15 Life on the Earth
16 Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Introduction to Biodiversity and Conservation 
  • Levels of Biodiversity 
    • Genetic diversity
    • Species diversity
    • Ecological (Ecosystem) diversity
  • Importance of Biodiversity 
    • Ecological Role of Biodiversity
    • Economic Role of Biodiversity
    • Scientific Role of Biodiversity
  • Loss of Biodiversity 
    • Loss of Biodiversity
    • Causes of Biodiversity losses
    • Why to conserve Diversity?
    • How do we conserve biodiversity?
    • The International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has classified the threatened species of plants and animals into three categories for the purpose of their conservation.
    1. Endangered Species
    2. Vulnerable Species
    3. Rare Species
  • Conservation of Biodiversity 
    • In-situ methods - protected areas: biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, sacred groves; ex-situ methods - captive breeding, zoo, botanical gardens, cryopreservation, wild life safari, seed banks, tissue culture. Definitions and examples of each of the above.
    • Why Should We Conserve Biodiversity - narrowly utilitarian, broadly utilitarian, ethical argument
    • How do we conserve Biodiversity - In situ conservation, Ex situ Conservation
    • Hotspots
    • National Parks
    • Sanctuaries and Ramsar Sites

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for Practical Work in Geography

1 Introduction to Maps
2 Map Scale
3 Latitude, Longitude and Time
4 Map Projections
5 Topographical Maps
6 Introduction to Aerial Photographs
7 Introduction to Remote Sensing
  • Introduction to Remote Sensing 
  • Stages in Remote Sensing 
    • Source of Energy (sun/self-emission)
    • Transmission of energy from the source to the surface of the earth
    • Interaction of energy with the earth’s surface
    • Propagation of reflected/emitted energy through atmosphere
    • Detection of the reflected/emitted energy by the sensor
    • Conversion of energy received into photographic/digital form of data
    • Extraction of the information contents from the data products
    • Conversion of information into Map/Tabular forms
  • Sensors 
    • Multispectral Scanners
    1. Whiskbroom Scanners
    2. Pushbroom Scanners
  • Resolving Powers of the Satellites 
  • Sensor Resolutions 
    • Spatial Resolution
    • Spectral Resolution
    • Radiometric Resolution
  • Data Products 
    • Photographic Images
    • Digital Images
  • Interpretation of Satellite Imageries 
    • Elements of Visual Interpretation
    1. Tone or Colour
    2. Texture
    3. Size
    4. Shape
    5. Shadow
    6. Pattern
    7. Association
8 Weather Instruments, Maps and Charts
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