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Entrepreneurship Class 12 CBSE (Science) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Entrepreneurial Opportunities

Concept and elements of business opportunity

  • business opportunity
  • Elements of a business opportunity
  • Case Study Meals-on-Wheels
  • Case Study Bull in a China Shop
  • Exploring opportunities in the environment

Factors involved in sensing opportunities

  • Perceiving and sensing opportunities
  • Factors involved in sensing opportunities
  • Ability to perceive and preserve basic ideas
  • Ability to harness different sources of information
  • Vision and creativity

Concept of environment scanning

  • Environment scanning
  • Analysis of environment

Enlist the various factors affecting business environment

  • Environmental factors
  • The PESTEL Model

Problem Identification

  • Uses of problem Identification

Idea Fields

  • Idea generation
  • Idea fields
  • Various sources of idea fields

Technique of transformation of ideas into opportunities

  • Transformation of ideas into opportunities
  • Idea and opportunity assessment
  • Market assessment

Trend spotting

  • Ways in which an entrepreneur spots trends

Elaborate on the creative and innovative processes

  • Creativity
  • Elements in the innovation process
200.00 Entrepreneurial Planning

Types of Economic Activities

  • Profession
  • Employment
  • Business
  • Manufacturing
  • Service
  • Trading

Business organization

  • Forms of business organisation
  • Forms of enterprises
  • Sole proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Joint Stock Company
  • Joint Hindu family / firm (HUFs)
  • Co-operative Organisations

Business plan 

  • Introductory profile /general introduction
  • Description of venture/business venture
  • Production Plan
  • Operational plan
  • Elements of operational plan
  • Organizational plan
  • Financial plan
  • Components of financial plan
  • Manpower planning
  • Marketing plan
  • Steps in preparing the marketing plan
  • Assessment of risk
  • Appendix
300.00 Enterprise Marketing

Goal–setting and SMART goals

  • goal setting
  • Rules for goal setting
  • What are smart goals?

Various marketing strategies used in a firm

 4P’s of marketing

  • Product
  • Price
  • Place
  • Promotion

Negotiation

  • Integrative
  • Distributive
  • Inductive
  • Deductive
  • Mixed

Customer relations

  • How CRM is used today
  • The impact of technology on CRM
  • The benefits of CRM

Employee management

  • Factors which lead to effective employee relationship

Vendor management

  • importance of quality in customer satisfaction

reasons for business failure

  • 12 causes that lead to a business failure
400.00 Enterprise Growth Strategies

Growth and development of an enterprise

  • Internal expansion
  • External expansion or business combination

Franchising

  • The main ingredients of a franchise agreement
  • Big brands make head towards for franchising
  • Types of franchising
  • How Franchising help start-ups
  • Advantages of franchising
  • Advantages to the franchisee
  • Advantages of franchising to the franchisor
  • Quick expansion
  • Cost advantages
  • Disadvantages of franchising to the franchisee
  • Disadvantage to the franchisor

Growth through mergers and acquisitions (M&A)

Types of mergers

Meaning and types of acquisitions

  • Acquisitions
  • Types

Reasons for mergers and acquisitions

  • Synergy
  • Acquiring new technology
  • Improved profitability
  • Acquiring a competency
  • Entry into new markets
  • Access to funds
  • Tax benefits

Reasons for failure of mergers and acquisitions

  • Unrealistic price paid for target
  • Difficulties in cultural integration
  • Overstated synergies
  • Integration difficulties
  • Poor business fit
  • Inadequate due diligence
  • High leverage
  • Boardroom split
  • Regulatory issues
  • Human resources issues

concept of value addition

  • Types of added value

Moving-up the value chain

  • Primary activities
  • Support activities

Six requirements for value chain management

500.00 Business Arithmetic

Concept of unit price

Break even analysis

  • Sales mix break-even point
  • Multiple-product break even analysis

 Cash flow projection

  • Importance and use of cash flow projections
  • Why cash flow projection
  • How to develop a cash flow projection

Budgeting & managing the finances

  • financial management
  • Objectives of financial management
  • Process of financial management
  • Budgeting
  • Budgets and budgeting
  • Budgeting as a process
  • Benefits of budgeting
  • Cost of budgeting
  • Forms budgeting process

Working capital

  • Gross and net working capital

Inventory control and Economic Order Quantity

  • Items that make up the inventory
  • Pareto's Principle and ABC analysis for control
  • Examining inventory
  • ABC analysis
  • Economic order quantity
  • Costs
  • Final note on inventory control and EOQ

Return on investment and return on equity

  • Measure of profitability
  • Return on Investment
  • Return on Equity
  • ROI or ROE
  • EBITDA
  • Interest
  • Taxes
  • Depreciation & amortization
600.00 Resource Mobilization
  • Capital Markets 
    • Primary market (new issues market)
    • Secondary market
  • Stock Exchange 
    • Features of stock exchange
    • Importance of a stock exchange
    • Organisation and management
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) 
    • Objectives of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
    • Function of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
  • Angel Investors 
    • Features of angel investors
  • Venture Capital 
    • Features of venture – capital
    • Funding
    • When to seek venture capital finance
    • Entrepreneurs to watch out
  • Specialised Financial Institutions 
    • Need for and Importance of Specialised Financial Institutions (SFIS)
  • Types of Specialised Financial Institutions 
    • Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)
    • Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
    • Industrial Finance Corporation of India (IFCI)
    • Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI)
    • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
    • Industrial Investment Bank of India Ltd. (IIBI)
    • State Financial Corporations (SFCs)
    • Tourism Finance Corporation of India (TFCI)
    • State Industrial Development Corporation (SIDCs)

Capital markets

  • Primary market (new issues market)
  • Secondary market

Stock exchange

  • Features of stock exchange
  • Importance of a stock exchange
  • Organisation and management

Securities and exchange board of India (SEBI)

Angel investors

  • Features of angel investors

Venture capital

  • Features of venture – capital
  • Funding
  • When to seek venture capital finance
  • Entrepreneurs to watch out

Specialised financial institutions

  • Need for and Importance of Specialised Financial Institutions (SFIS)

Types of Specialised Financial Institutions

  • Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)
  • Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
  • Industrial Finance Corporation of India (IFCI)
  • Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI)
  • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
  • Industrial Investment Bank of India Ltd. (IIBI)
  • State Financial Corporations (SFCs)
  • Tourism Finance Corporation of India (TFCI)
  • State Industrial Development Corporation (SIDCs)
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