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Entrepreneurship Class 12 CBSE (Arts) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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CBSE Syllabus For Class 12 Entrepreneurship: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of Class 12. Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CBSE Class 12 Entrepreneurship syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Class 12 Entrepreneurship Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CBSE Class 12 Entrepreneurship Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Class 12 Entrepreneurship in addition to this.

Academic year:

CBSE Class 12 Entrepreneurship Revised Syllabus

CBSE Class 12 Entrepreneurship and their Unit wise marks distribution

CBSE Class 12 Entrepreneurship Course Structure 2021-2022 With Marking Scheme

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Syllabus

100 Entrepreneurial Opportunities

Concept and elements of business opportunity

  • business opportunity
  • Elements of a business opportunity
  • Case Study Meals-on-Wheels
  • Case Study Bull in a China Shop
  • Exploring opportunities in the environment

Factors involved in sensing opportunities

  • Perceiving and sensing opportunities
  • Factors involved in sensing opportunities
  • Ability to perceive and preserve basic ideas
  • Ability to harness different sources of information
  • Vision and creativity

Concept of environment scanning

  • Environment scanning
  • Analysis of environment

Enlist the various factors affecting business environment

  • Environmental factors
  • The PESTEL Model

Problem Identification

  • Uses of problem Identification

Idea Fields

  • Idea generation
  • Idea fields
  • Various sources of idea fields

Technique of transformation of ideas into opportunities

  • Transformation of ideas into opportunities
  • Idea and opportunity assessment
  • Market assessment

Trend spotting

  • Ways in which an entrepreneur spots trends

Elaborate on the creative and innovative processes

  • Creativity
  • Elements in the innovation process
200 Entrepreneurial Planning

Types of Economic Activities

  • Profession
  • Employment
  • Business
  • Manufacturing
  • Service
  • Trading

Business organization

  • Forms of business organisation
  • Forms of enterprises
  • Sole proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Joint Stock Company
  • Joint Hindu family / firm (HUFs)
  • Co-operative Organisations

Business plan 

  • Introductory profile /general introduction
  • Description of venture/business venture
  • Production Plan
  • Operational plan
  • Elements of operational plan
  • Organizational plan
  • Financial plan
  • Components of financial plan
  • Manpower planning
  • Marketing plan
  • Steps in preparing the marketing plan
  • Assessment of risk
  • Appendix
300 Enterprise Marketing

Goal–setting and SMART goals

  • goal setting
  • Rules for goal setting
  • What are smart goals?

Various marketing strategies used in a firm

 4P’s of marketing

  • Product
  • Price
  • Place
  • Promotion

Negotiation

  • Integrative
  • Distributive
  • Inductive
  • Deductive
  • Mixed

Customer relations

  • How CRM is used today
  • The impact of technology on CRM
  • The benefits of CRM

Employee management

  • Factors which lead to effective employee relationship

Vendor management

  • importance of quality in customer satisfaction

reasons for business failure

  • 12 causes that lead to a business failure
400 Enterprise Growth Strategies

Growth and development of an enterprise

  • Internal expansion
  • External expansion or business combination

Franchising

  • The main ingredients of a franchise agreement
  • Big brands make head towards for franchising
  • Types of franchising
  • How Franchising help start-ups
  • Advantages of franchising
  • Advantages to the franchisee
  • Advantages of franchising to the franchisor
  • Quick expansion
  • Cost advantages
  • Disadvantages of franchising to the franchisee
  • Disadvantage to the franchisor

Growth through mergers and acquisitions (M&A)

Types of mergers

Meaning and types of acquisitions

  • Acquisitions
  • Types

Reasons for mergers and acquisitions

  • Synergy
  • Acquiring new technology
  • Improved profitability
  • Acquiring a competency
  • Entry into new markets
  • Access to funds
  • Tax benefits

Reasons for failure of mergers and acquisitions

  • Unrealistic price paid for target
  • Difficulties in cultural integration
  • Overstated synergies
  • Integration difficulties
  • Poor business fit
  • Inadequate due diligence
  • High leverage
  • Boardroom split
  • Regulatory issues
  • Human resources issues

concept of value addition

  • Types of added value

Moving-up the value chain

  • Primary activities
  • Support activities

Six requirements for value chain management

500 Business Arithmetic

Concept of unit price

Break even analysis

  • Sales mix break-even point
  • Multiple-product break even analysis

 Cash flow projection

  • Importance and use of cash flow projections
  • Why cash flow projection
  • How to develop a cash flow projection

Budgeting & managing the finances

  • financial management
  • Objectives of financial management
  • Process of financial management
  • Budgeting
  • Budgets and budgeting
  • Budgeting as a process
  • Benefits of budgeting
  • Cost of budgeting
  • Forms budgeting process

Working capital

  • Gross and net working capital

Inventory control and Economic Order Quantity

  • Items that make up the inventory
  • Pareto's Principle and ABC analysis for control
  • Examining inventory
  • ABC analysis
  • Economic order quantity
  • Costs
  • Final note on inventory control and EOQ

Return on investment and return on equity

  • Measure of profitability
  • Return on Investment
  • Return on Equity
  • ROI or ROE
  • EBITDA
  • Interest
  • Taxes
  • Depreciation & amortization
600 Resource Mobilization
  • Capital Markets 
    • Primary market (new issues market)
    • Secondary market
  • Stock Exchange 
    • Features of stock exchange
    • Importance of a stock exchange
    • Organisation and management
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) 
    • Objectives of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
    • The function of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
    • stock exchanges, stockbrokers, merchant bankers, depositories, mutual funds, and credit rating agencies.
  • Angel Investors 
    • Features of angel investors
  • Venture Capital 
    • Features of venture – capital
    • Funding
    • When to seek venture capital finance
    • Entrepreneurs to watch out
  • Specialised Financial Institutions 
    • Need for and Importance of Specialised Financial Institutions (SFIS)
  • Types of Specialised Financial Institutions 
    • Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)
    • Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
    • Industrial Finance Corporation of India (IFCI)
    • Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI)
    • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
    • Industrial Investment Bank of India Ltd. (IIBI)
    • State Financial Corporations (SFCs)
    • Tourism Finance Corporation of India (TFCI)
    • State Industrial Development Corporation (SIDCs)

Capital markets

  • Primary market (new issues market)
  • Secondary market

Stock exchange

  • Features of stock exchange
  • Importance of a stock exchange
  • Organisation and management

Securities and exchange board of India (SEBI)

Angel investors

  • Features of angel investors

Venture capital

  • Features of venture – capital
  • Funding
  • When to seek venture capital finance
  • Entrepreneurs to watch out

Specialised financial institutions

  • Need for and Importance of Specialised Financial Institutions (SFIS)

Types of Specialised Financial Institutions

  • Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)
  • Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
  • Industrial Finance Corporation of India (IFCI)
  • Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI)
  • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
  • Industrial Investment Bank of India Ltd. (IIBI)
  • State Financial Corporations (SFCs)
  • Tourism Finance Corporation of India (TFCI)
  • State Industrial Development Corporation (SIDCs)
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