Social Science Secondary School (English Medium) (5 to 8) Class 8 CBSE Syllabus 2024-25


CBSE Class 8 Social Science Syllabus - Free PDF Download

CBSE Syllabus 2024-25 Class 8: The CBSE Class 8 Social Science Syllabus for the examination year 2024-25 has been released by the Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE. The board will hold the final examination at the end of the year following the annual assessment scheme, which has led to the release of the syllabus. The 2024-25 CBSE Class 8 Social Science Board Exam will entirely be based on the most recent syllabus. Therefore, students must thoroughly understand the new CBSE syllabus to prepare for their annual exam properly.

The detailed CBSE Class 8 Social Science Syllabus for 2024-25 is below.

Academic year:


CBSE Class 8 Social Science Syllabus for Chapter 1: Our Pasts - 3 (History)

1.01 How, When and Where
  • Importance of Dates  
    • Which dates?
    • How do we periodise?
    • What is colonial?
  • How Do We Know Historical Events of India  
    • Administration produces records
    • Surveys become important
    • What official records do not tell
1.02 From Trade to Territory - the Company Establishes Power
  • East India Company Comes East  
    • East India Company begins trade in Bengal
    • How trade led to battles
    • The Battle of Plassey
    • Company officials become “nabobs”
  • Company Rule Expands  
    • Tipu Sultan – The “Tiger of Mysore”
    • War with the Marathas
    • The claim to paramountcy
    • The Doctrine of Lapse
  • Setting up a New Administration  
    • The Company army
1.03 Ruling the Countryside
  • The Company Becomes the Diwan  
    • Revenue for the Company
    • The need to improve agriculture
    • The problem
    • A new system is devised
    • The Munro system
    • All was not well
  • Crops for Europe  
    • Does colour have a history?
    • Why the demand for Indian indigo?
    • Britain turns to India
    • How was indigo cultivated?
    • The problem with nij cultivation
    • Indigo on the land of ryots
  • The "Blue Rebellion" and After  
1.04 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
  • Lives of Tribal Groups  
    • Some were jhum cultivators
    • Some were hunters and gatherers
    • Some herded animals
    • Some took to settled cultivation
  • Effect of Colonial Rule on Tribal Lives  
    • What happened to tribal chiefs?
    • What happened to the shifting cultivators?
    • Forest laws and their impact
    • The problem with trade
    • The search for work
  • Birsa Munda  
1.05 When People Rebel - 1857 and After
  • Policies and the People  
    • Nawabs lose their power
    • The peasants and the sepoys
    • Responses to reforms
  • Through the Eyes of the People  
  • A Mutiny Becomes a Popular Rebellion  
    • From Meerut to Delhi
    • The rebellion spreads
  • The Company Fights Back  
  • Aftermath  
1.06 Colonialism and the City - the Story of an Imperial Capital
  • Cities Under Colonial Rule  
    • How many ‘Delhis’ before New Delhi?
  • The Making of New Delhi  
    • Demolishing a past
    • Planning a new capital
    • Life in the time of Partition
  • Inside the Old City  
    • The decline of havelis
    • The Municipality begins to plan
1.07 Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners
  • Indian Textiles and the World Market  
    • Words tell us histories
    • Indian textiles in European markets
    • Who were the weavers?
    • The decline of Indian textiles
    • Cotton mills come up
  • The Sword of Tipu Sultan and Woots Steel  
    • Abandoned furnaces in villages
    • Iron and steel factories come up in India
1.08 Civilising the "Native", Educating the Nation
  • How the British Saw Education  
    • The tradition of Orientalism
    • “Grave errors of the East”
    • Education for commerce
  • The Local Schools  
    • The report of William Adam
    • New routines, new rules
  • The Agenda for a National Education  
    • “English education has enslaved us”
    • Tagore’s “abode of peace”
1.09 Women, Caste and Reform
  • Working Towards Change  
    • Changing the lives of widows
    • Girls begin going to school
    • Women write about women
  • Caste and Social Reform  
    • Demands for equality and justice
    • Gulamgiri
    • Who could enter temples?
    • The Non-Brahman movement
1.1 The Changing World of Visual Arts
  • New Forms of Imperial Art  
    • Looking for the picturesque
    • Portraits of authority
    • Painting history
  • The Court Artists  
  • The New Popular Indian Art  
  • The Search for a National Art  
    • The art of Raja Ravi Varma
    • A different vision of national art
1.11 The Making of the National Movement: 1870s - 1947
  • The Emergence of Nationalism  
    • A nation in the making
    • “Freedom is our birthright”
  • The Growth of Mass Nationalism  
    • The advent of Mahatma Gandhi
    • The Rowlatt Satyagraha
    • Khilafat agitation and the Non-Cooperation Movement
    • People’s initiatives
    • The people’s Mahatma
    • The happenings of 1922-1929
  • The March to Dandi  
  • Quit India and Later  
    • Towards Independence and Partition
1.12 India After Independence
  • A New and Divided Nation  
  • A Constitution is Written  
  • States to Be Formed  
  • Planning for Development  
  • The Nation, Sixty Years on  

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Syllabus for Chapter 2: Resources and Development (Geography)

2.1 Resources
  • Introduction of Resources  
  • Types of Resources  
  • Conserving Resources  
2.2 Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources
  • Land  
    • Land Use
    • Conservation of Land Resource
  • Soil: "Teeming with Life"  
  • Water, Our Lifeline  
    • Introduction
    • Water: A Compound
    • Occurrence of water
  • Natural Vegetation and Wildlife  
    • Distribution of Natural Vegetation
    • Conservation of Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
2.3 Mineral and Power Resources
  • Classification of Minerals  
  • Distribution of Minerals and Ores  
    • Oil - Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field);
    • Iron – Singhbhum
    • Coal – Jharia
  • Uses of Minerals  
  • Conservation of Minerals  
  • Types of Power Resources - Conventional Sources  
    • Conventional Sources
    1. Firewood
    2. Coal
    3. Petroleum
    4. Natural Gas
    5. Hydel Power
  • Types of Power Resources - Non-conventional Sources  
    • Non-conventional Sources of Energy
    1. Solar energy
    2. Wind Energy
    3. Nuclear Power
    4. Geothermal Energy
    5. Tidal Energy
    6. Biogas
2.4 Agriculture
  • Introduction of Agriculture  
  • Farm System  
  • Types of Farming  
    • Subsistence Farming
    • Commercial Farming
    • Shifting Agriculture
    • Intensive Farming
    • Extensive Farming
    • Plantation Farming
    • Mixed Farming
    • Organic Farming
    • Cooperative Farming
  • Major Crops  
  • Agricultural Development  
    • A Farm in India
    • A Farm in the USA
2.5 Industries
  • Introduction of Industries  
  • Classification of Industries  
    1. Classification on the basis of raw materials
      (i) Agro Based Industries
      (ii) Mineral Based Industries
      (iii) Marine Based Industries
      (iv) Forest Based Industries
    2. Classification on the basis of size and capital
      (i) Large Scale Industries
      (ii) Small Scale Industries
    3. Classification on the basis of ownership
      (i) Private Sector Industries
      (ii) Public Sector Industries
      (iii) Joint Sector Industries
      (iv) Co-operative Sector Industries
  • Factors Affecting Location of Industries  
  • Distribution of Major Industries  
    • Iron and Steel Industry
    • Cotton Textile Industry
2.6 Human Resources
  • Human Resources Introduction  
  • Distribution of Population  
  • Density of Population  
  • Factors Affecting Distribution of Population  
    • Geographical Factors
    1. Topography
    2. Climate
    3. Soil
    4. Water
    5. Minerals
    • Social, Cultural and Economic Factors
  • Population Change  
  • Patterns of Population Change  
  • Population Composition  

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Syllabus for Chapter 3: Social and Political Life - 3

3.01 The Indian Constitution
  • The Indian Constitution  
  • Necessity of a Constitution  
  • Salient Features of Indian Constitution  
3.02 Understanding Secularism
  • Concept of Secularism  
  • Important of Separating Religion from the State  
  • Indian Secularism  
3.03 Why Do We Need a Parliament?
  • Decision of People  
  • People and Their Representatives  
  • The Role of the Parliament  
    • To Select the National Government
    • To Control, Guide and Inform the Government
    • Law-Making
  • People in Parliament  
3.04 Understanding Laws
  • Application of Laws to All  
  • New Laws of Parliament  
  • Unpopular and Controversial Laws  
3.05 Judiciary
  • Role of the Judiciary  
    • Dispute Resolution
    • Judicial Review
    • Upholding the Law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights
  • An Independent Judiciary  
  • Structure of Courts in India  
  • Different Branches of the Legal System  
    • Criminal Law
    • Civil Law
  • Access to the Courts  
3.06 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
  • Concept of Understanding Our Criminal Justice System  
  • Role of the Police in Investigating a Crime  
  • Role of the Public Prosecutor  
  • Role of the Judge  
  • A Fair Trial  
3.07 Understanding Marginalisation
  • Socially Marginalised  
  • Concept of Adivasis  
  • Adivasis and Stereotyping  
  • Adivasis and Development  
  • Minorities and Marginalisation  
  • Muslims and Marginalisation  
3.08 Confronting Marginalisation
  • Invoking Fundamental Rights  
  • Laws for the Marginalised  
  • Protecting the Rights of Dalits and Adivasis  
  • Adivasi Demands and the 1989 Act  
3.09 Public Facilities
  • Water and the People of Chennai  
  • Water as Part of the Fundamental Right to Life  
  • Public Facilities  
  • The Government’S Role  
  • Water Supply to Chennai  
  • In Search of Alternatives  
3.1 Law and Social Justice
  • Concept of Law and Social Justice  
  • Worker’s Worth  
  • Enforcement of Safety Laws  
  • New Laws to Protect the Environment  

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