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Chemistry NEET (UG) Topics and Syllabus

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CBSE Syllabus For Chemistry: Knowing the Syllabus is very important for the students of . Shaalaa has also provided a list of topics that every student needs to understand.

The CBSE Chemistry syllabus for the academic year 2021-2022 is based on the Board's guidelines. Students should read the Chemistry Syllabus to learn about the subject's subjects and subtopics.

Students will discover the unit names, chapters under each unit, and subtopics under each chapter in the CBSE Chemistry Syllabus pdf 2021-2022. They will also receive a complete practical syllabus for Chemistry in addition to this.

Academic year:
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Syllabus

1 Solid State
  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementaryidea).
  • Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.
  • Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n and p type semiconductors.
2 Solutions
  • Types of solutions,
  • expression of concentration of solutions of solids in Liquids,
  • solubility of gases in liquids,
  • solid solutions,
  • colligative properties
  • relative lowering of vapour pressure,
  • Raoult's law,
  • elevation of boiling point,
  • depression of freezing point,
  • osmotic pressure,
  • determination of molecular masses using colligative properties,
  • abnormal molecular mass, Van't Hoff factor.
3 Electrochemistry
  • Redox reactions,
  • conductance in electrolytic solutions,
  • specific and molar conductivity,
  • variations of conductivity with concentration,
  • Kohlrausch's Law,
  • electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea),
  • dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells,
  • lead accumulator,
  • EMF of a cell,
  • standard electrode potential,
  • Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells,
  • Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion.
4 Chemical Kinetics
  • Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous),
  • factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst;
  • order and molecularity of a reaction,
  • rate law and specific rate constant,
  • integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions),
  • concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment).
  • Activation energy,
  • Arrhenious equation.
5 Surface Chemistry
  • Adsorption - physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis, homogenous and heterogenous activity and selectivity;
  • enzyme catalysis colloidal state distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension;
  • lyophilic, lyophobic multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids;
  • properties of colloids;
  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsion - types of emulsions.
6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Principles and methods of extraction - concentration, oxidation, reduction - electrolytic method and refining;
  • occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.
7 P - Block Elements

Group -15 Elements:

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties;
  • Nitrogen, preparation properties and ses;
    compounds of Nitrogen, preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid, Oxides of Nitrogen(Structure only) ;
  • Phosphorus - allotropic forms, compounds of Phosphorus: Preparation and Properties of Phosphine, Halides and Oxoacids (elementary idea only).

 Group 16 Elements:

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: Preparation, Properties and uses, classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur -allotropic forms;
  • compounds of Sulphur: preparation Properties and uses of Sulphur-dioxide, Sulphuric Acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only).

Group 17 Elements:

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties;
  • compounds of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only).

 Group 18 Elements:

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
8 "D" and "F" Block Elements
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition
    metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals - metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii,colour, catalytic property, magnet c properties, interstitial compounds, alloy fonnation, preparation and properties of KzCr0 and KMn02 
  • Lanthanotds - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction andits consequences.
  • Actinoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.
9 Coordination Compounds
  • Coordination compounds - Introduction,ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner's theory, VBT, and CFT;
  • structure and stereoisomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extract on of metals and biological system).
10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, subst tution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds on y).
  • Uses and environmental effects of - dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.
11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Alcohols:- Nomenclature, methods of preparat on, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
  • Phenols:- Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol,electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Aldehydes and Ketones:- Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes: uses.
  • Carboxylic Acids:- Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical
    properties; uses.
13 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Amines:- Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.
  • Cyanides and lsocyanides:- will be mentioned at relevant places in text.
  • Dtazontum salts:- Preparation, chemical reactions andimportance in synthet c organic chemistry.
14 Biomolecules
  • Carbohydrates - Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccahrides (glucose and fructose), D-L configurat on oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.
  • Proteins - Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins - primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea on y), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones - Elementaryidea excluding structure.
  • Vitamins - Classification and functions.
  • Nucleic Acids:- DNA and RNA.
15 Polymers

Classification 

  • natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization, some important polymers:
  • natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon polyesters, bakelite, rubber.
  • Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.
16 Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemicals in medicines - analgesics, tranquilizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food - preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
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