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Business Studies Class 12 CBSE (Commerce) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Academic year:

Units and Topics


100 Principles and Functions of Management
101 Principles of Management
  • Principles of Management - concept and significance, Nature of Principles of Management
  • Significance of Principles of Management, Taylor’s Scientific Management, Principles of Scientific Management, Techniques of Scientific Management
  • Taylor's Scientific management- principles and techniques
  • Standardisation and Simplification of Work

    • Method Study
    • Motion Study
    • Time Study
    • Fatigue Study
    • Differential Piece Wage System
  • Fayol's principles of management, Fayol Versus Taylor —
    A Comparison.
102 Staffing

Concept and importance of staffing

  • Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management- concept
  • Staffing process Recruitment process
  • Selection- process

Training and Development-

  • Concept and importance
  • Methods of training- on the job and off the job
  • Induction training
  • vestibule training
  • apprenticeship training and internship training
103 Directing
  • Concept and importance Elements of Directing
  • Supervision -concept, functions of a supervisor
  • Motivation-concept, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Financial and non financial incentives
  • Leadership- concept, styles- authoritative, democratic and laissez faire
  • Communication- concept, formal and informal communication; barriers to effective communication, how to overcome the barriers.
104 Nature and Significance of Management
  • Management-concept, objectives, and importance
  • Concept includes meaning and features
  • Management as Science, Art and Profess on Levels of Management
  • Management functions- planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling
  • Coordination- concept and importance, Characteristics of
105 Planning
  • Concept, importance and limitation
  • Planning process
  • Types of Plans-
    • Objectives
    • Strategy
    • Policy
    • Procedure
    • Method
    • Rule
    • Programme
    • Budget
  • Single use and standing plans. Objectives, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, Method, Rule, Budget and Programme


106 Organising
  • Concept and importance
  • Organising Process
  • Structure of organisation- Types of Organisation
    Structures, functional and divisional- concept. Formal and informal organisation- concept
  • Delegation: concept, elements and importance
  • Decentralization: concept and importance
107 Controlling
  • Concept and importance
  • Relationship between planning and controlling
  • Techniques of Managerial Control

    • Traditional Techniques
    • Modern Techniques
  • Steps in process of control
  • Responsibility Accounting
  • Management Audit
  • PERT and CPM
108 Management and Business Environment
  • Business Environment- concept and importance
  • Dimensions of Business Environment- Economic, Social,Technological, Political and Legal
  • Impact of Government policy changes on business with special reference to liberalization, privatization and globalization in India
200 Business Finance and Marketing
201 Financial Management

Concept role and objective of Financial Management

  • Financial decisions: investment, financing and dividend- Meaning and factors affecting
  • Financial Planning- concept and importance.
  • Capital Structure- Concept
  • Fixed and Working Capital- Concept and factors affecting their requirements
202 Financial Markets

Financial Markets: Concept, Functions and types

  • Money market and its instruments
  • Capital market andits types (primary and secondary), methods of floatationinthe primary market
  • Stock Exchange - Functions and trading procedure
  • National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) - Objectives, Market Segments.
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) - objectives and functions
203 Marketing Management
  • Selling and Marketing- Concept
  • Marketing Management- Concept
  • Marketing Functions
  • Role of Marketing
  • Marketing management philosophies
  • Marketing Mix - Concept and elements
  • Product branding,labelling and packaging - Concept
  • Price- Concept, Factors determining price
  • Physical Distribution - concept and components, channels of distribut on: types, choice of channels.
  • Promotion - Concept and elements;
  • Advertising­ concept, role, objections against advertising,
  • Personal selling- concept and qualities of a good salesman,
  • Sales Promotion- concept and techniques,
  • Public Relations- concept and role
204 Consumer Protection

Concept and importance of consumer protection

  • Consumer protection Act 1986: Meaning of consumer
  • Rights and responsibilities of consumers Who can file a complaint against whom? Redressal machinery Remedies available
  • Consumer awareness- Role of consumer organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).
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