NEET (UG) (entrance exam)CBSE
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Academic year:

Topics with syllabus and resources

100.00 Reproduction
101.00 Reproduction in Organisms
  • Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species;
  • modes of reproduction - asexual and sexual reproduction;
  • asexual reproduction - binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation, fragmentation;
  • vegetative propagation in plants.
102.00 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes;
  • pollination - types, agencies and examples;
  • outbreeding devices;
  • pollen-pistil interaction;
  • double fertilization;
  • post fertilization events - development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit;
  • special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony;
  • Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.
103.00 Human Reproduction
  • Male and female reproductive systems;
  • microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary;
  • gametogenesis - spermatogenesis and oogenesis;
  • menstrual cycle;
  • fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation;
  • pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea);
  • parturition (elementary idea);
  • lactation (elementary idea).
104.00 Reproductive Health
  • Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs);
  • birth control - need and methods, contraception and medical terminat on of pregnancy (MTP);
  • amniocentesis;
    • infertility and assisted reproductive technologies - IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness).
200.00 Genetics and Evolution
201.00 Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance;
  • deviations from Mendelism - incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy;
  • elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance;
  • chromosomes and genes;
  • Sex determination - in humans, birds and honey bee;
  • linkage and crossing over;
  • sex linked inheritance - haemophilia, colour blindness;
  • Mendelian disorders in humans - thalassemia; chromosomal disordersin humans;
  • Down's syndrome, Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes.

202.00 Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material;
  • Structure of DNA and RNA;
  • DNA packaging;
  • DNA replication; Central dogma;
  • transcription, genetic code, translation;
  • gene expression and regulation - lac operon;
  • genome and human and rice genome projects;
  • DNA fingerprinting.
203.00 Evolution
  • Origin of life;
  • biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidences);
  • Darwin's contribution, modern synthetic theory of evolution;
  • mechanism of evolution - variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection;
  • Gene flow and genetic drift;
  • Hardy - Weinberg's principle;
  • adaptive radiation;
  • human evolution.
300.00 Biology and Human Welfare
301.00 Human Health and Diseases
  • Pathogens;
  • parasites causing human diseases (malaria, dengue, chickengunia, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm) and their control;
  • Basic concepts of immunology - vaccines; cancer, HIV and AIDS;
  • Adolescence - drug and alcohol abuse.
302.00 Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Improvement in food production: Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification, Apiculture and Animal husbandry.
303.00 Microbes in Human Welfare
  • In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and microbes as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
  • Antibiotics; production and judicious use.
400.00 Biotechnology and Its Applications
401.00 Biotechnology - Principles and Processes
  • Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology).
402.00 Biotechnology and Its Application
  • Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture:
  • Human insulin and vaccine production, stem cell technology, gene therapy;
  • genetically modified organisms - Bt crops; transgenic animals;
  • biosafety issues, bio piracy and patents.
500.00 Ecology and Environment
501.00 Organisms and Populations
  • Organisms and environment:
  • Habitat and niche, population and ecological adaptations;
  • population interactions - mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism;
  • population attributes - growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
502.00 Ecosystem
  • Ecosystems: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition;
  • energy flow; pyramids of number, biomass, energy;
  • nutrient cycles (carbon and phosphorous);
  • ecological succession;
  • ecological services - carbon fixation, pollination, seed dispersal, oxygen release (in brief).
503.00 Biodiversity and Its Conservation
  • Concept of biodiversity;
  • patterns of biodiversity;
  • importance of biodiversity;
  • loss of biodiversity;
  • biodiversity conservation;
  • hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, national parks, sanctuaries and Ramsar sites.
504.00 Environmental Issues
  • Air pollution and its control;
  • water pollution andits control;
  • agrochemicals and their effects;
  • solid waste management;
  • radioactive waste management;
  • greenhouse effect and climate change;
  • ozone layer depletion; deforestation;
  • any one case study as success story addressing environmental issue(s).
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