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Agriculture Class 12 CBSE (Arts) CBSE Topics and Syllabus

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Academic year:


100 Advanced Crop Prodcution and Organic Farming
101 Advanced Crop Production
  • Food production including horticultural crops and its importance in the economy and nutritional security.
  • Soil fertility, productivity and concept of essential plant nutrients. Classification of essential plant nutrients.
  • Roles and functions of essential plant nutrients, their important deficiency symptoms.
  • Soil samplings and its processing. Introduction of soil pH and Organic Carbon.
  • Introduction to manure, fertilizers. Bio-fertilizers, their methods of applicat on. Integrated Nutrient Management (INM).
  • Concept of soil moisture availability,various irrigation methods, Concept of precision and pressure irrigation. Drip and sprinkle irrigation.
  • Methods of insect pest and disease management Chemical,Biological and Mechanical. Concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM).
102 Organic Farming
  • Concept, history and importance of Organic farming.
  • Present status and contribution in the National economy.
  • Important food products grown organically. Important Government Schemes for the promotion of organic farming in our country. Kitchen gardening.
200 Food Processing, Value Addition and Post-harvest Management
201 Post Harvest Management
  • Post harvesting management of fruits, vegetables and flowers, cereals, pulses and oilseeds.
  • Status of food processing in our country.
  • Important Government schemes for food sector.
202 Food Processing and Value Add tion
  • Principles and methods of food processing and preservation. Benefits of food processing.
  • Important value added products from fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses and oil seeds.
  • Preparation of jam, jelly, ketchup, morabba, pickles, marmalade.
  • Packaging, quality standards and their marketing including export.
  • Flowers and their harvesting: important processed flower products, packaging, storage and their marketing.
  • Concept of safe food andimportant food regulations.
300 Subsidairy Enterprises of Agriculture
  • Important subsidiary enterprises based on Agriculture including Horticulture and their importancein the socio-economic status of an individual.
  • Mushroom, their nutritional status and methods of production
  • Beekeeping andits important usage andimportance of Honey, Wax and Royal jelly.
  • Landscaping, development and maintenance oflawns and avenue gardens.
  • Preparation of Bio-pest cides (plant based), Organic manures (composts) and Vermicomposting.
  • Setting up nurseries and marketing of plant sapling , important Govt. Schemes for the support of
    these enterprises.
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