Units and Topics
• Definition of Agriculture, its branches
• Scope in the national economy and employment
1. Climate and Weather, elements of Weather: Rainfall, Temperature, Humidity, Wind, Sunshine, Climate Change and Global warming.
2. Soil, Soil texture and structure and its types, distribution and area.
3. Soil erosion and Soil conservation. Reclamation of problematic soils: acidic and alkali.
4. Tillage: definition and types. Concept of conservation and tillage.
1. Agricultural Economics, Cooperative system in Agriculture, Crop insurance. Kisan Credit Cards, Marketing of Agricultural products (supply chain, retailing, wholesale), haats.
2. Package of practices Like important varieties, seed rate, sowing time, intercultural operations, yield and marketing for Rice, Wheat, Maize, Mustard, Sunflower, Soya bean, Groundnut, Black gram, Red gram, Pea, Jute, Sugarcane, Sorghum, Pearl millet and Finger millet.
3. Introduction, distribution and economic importance of fruits: Mango, Banana, Guava, Lime,Grape, Apple, Pomegranate. Vegetables: Potato, Tomato, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Spinach, Brinjal, Bottle gourd, Pumpkin, Cucumber. Flower- Rose, Gladiolus, Marigold.
4. Types of seed-foundation and certified and methods of plant propagation layering and cutting, and Tissue culture.
5. Important farm implements and their maintenance.
1. Cell and its structure, cell division-Mitosis and Meiosis and their significance in plant growth and development.
2. Introduction to -DNA, RNA, and their differences.
3. Role of Genetics in Plant breeding, self and cross-pollinated crops, methods of breeding in field crops-Introduction, Selection, Hybridization, Mutation.
4. Mendel's laws of Inheritance. Illustrative depiction of the experiments, their importance in plant breeding.
(a) Importance of livestock in Agriculture, National Economy and Nutritional security
(b) Important animal based food products and their role in our diet.
(c) Important indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle, buffalo and poultry; and quantitative and qualitative production details of produces (milk, meat and eggs)
(a) Animal body structure and functions.
(b) Concept of grazing and stall feeding including poultry feeding.
(c) Principles of feeding, feeding practices; Important fodder crops; Silage and Hay preparation; Balanced ration- definition and ingredients.
(d) Housing of dairy animals and poultry animals.
(e) Management of calves, bullocks, pregnant and milch animals as well as chicks and layers.
(f) Production of milk and eggs.
(g) Systems of milking by hand and by machine. Important considerations in both these methods.
(h) Concept of clean milk production processing, pasteurization and packaging of milk. Value added products from milk.
(i) Concept of Anand pattern of cooperative system of milk procurement and pricing of milk. Marketing of milk in India.
(j) Principles of disease management and vaccination.
(k) Signs of sick animals, symptoms of common diseases in cattle and poultry- Rinderpest, Black quarter, Foot and Mouth, Mastitis, Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, solmonellosis, bird flu, Fowl Pox and Ranikhet disease, their prevention and control.
(a) Utilisation of animal wastes in Bio-wastes and Biagas plant.
(b) Important government schemes for development of livestock, dairy and poultry in India. Their important features and eligibility criteria.