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CBSE (English Medium) Class 10 - CBSE Question Bank Solutions for English - Language and Literature

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English - Language and Literature
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Read the following passage and do the activities.   (2)

A1. Complete the given boxes with who said to whom:

  Statement Who To whom
(i) You look a bit of a wrestler yourself.    
(ii) If you can cook, then may be I can feed you.    

 

I was still a thief when I met Anil. And though only 15, I was an experienced and fairly successful hand.

Anil was watching a wrestling match when I approached him. He was about 25- a tall, lean fellow - and he looked easy-going, kind and simple enough for my purpose. I hadn't had much luck of late and thought I might be able to get into the young man's confidence.

"You look a bit of a wrestler yourself," I said. A little flattery helps in making friends.

"So do you," he replied, which put me off for a moment because at that time I was rather thin.

"Well," I said modestly, "I do wrestle a bit."

"What's your name ?"

"Harl Singh," I lied. I took a new name every month. That kept me ahead of the police and my former employers.

After this introduction, Anil talked about the well-oiled wrestlers who were grunting, lifting and throwing each other about. I didn't have much to say. Anil walked away. I followed casually.

"Hello again," he said.

I gave him my most appealing smile. "I want to work for you." I said.

"But I can't pay you."

I thought that over for a minute. Perhaps I had misjudged my man.

I asked, "Can you feed me ?"

"Can you cook?"

"I can cook," I lied again.

"If you can cook, then may be I can feed you."

A2. Complete the cluster diagram mentioning the characteristics of the main character of the passage:  (2)

A3. Choose the correct meanings of the following words from the given options:  (2)

(i) Flattery -

  1. insincere praise
  2. appreciation
  3. creating false impression
  4. unfaithful behaviour

(ii) Appealing -

  1. good conduct
  2. attractive
  3. charming
  4. beautiful

A4. Do as directed:   (2)

(i) I took a new name every month.
[Frame 'Wh' question to get the underlined part as an answer.]

(ii) I was an experienced hand.
[Underline ·the determiners from the given sentence.)

A5. Why do you think Hari Singh gave his most appealing smile?  (2)

[0.02] The Thief’s Story
Chapter: [0.02] The Thief’s Story
Concept: The Thief’s Story

Sounds are tiny vibrations that can travel through air and other materials. The loudness of a sound is measured in decibels (db).
Typical sound level in decibels:
(1) Silence                                        0db
(2) Rustle of leaves                           10 db
(3) Breathing                                    10 db
(4) Radio music inside home              50-60 db
(5) Loud television                            70 db
(6) Road traffic Noise                        60-90 db
(7) Powerful rock music                    100 db
(8) Motor cycle                                105 db
(9) Heavy truck traffic                      90-100 db
(10) Wind in the trees                       20 db

OR

Read the following information and prepare a fact life:
Delhi, capital of India, has an area of 1,483 sq.km. Haryana and U.P are its neighbours. It has a literacy rate of 81.7%: (males 87.3 %, females 74.7%). People generally speak Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English. It is known for its Roshnara festival Shalimar, Qutab, mango festivals, garden Tourism and winter carnival.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

If you are addicted to coffee, and doctors warn you to quit the habit, don’t worry and just keep relishing the beverage, because it’s not that bad after all! In fact, according to a new study, the steaming cup of Java can beat fruits and vegetables as the primary source of antioxidants. Some studies state that coffee is the number one source of antioxidants in American diet, and both caffeinated and decaf versions appear to provide similar antioxidant levels.

Antioxidants in general have been linked to a number of potential health benefits, including protection against heart diseases and cancer, but Vinson, a dietitian said that their benefits ultimately depend on how they are absorbed and utilized in the body. The research says that coffee outranks popular antioxidant sources like tea, milk, chocolate and cranberries. Of all the foods and beverages studied, dates actually have the most antioxidants based solely on serving size, but since dates are not consumed anywhere near the level of coffee, the drink comes as the top source of antioxidants, Vinson said.

Besides keeping you alert and awake, coffee has been linked to an increasing number of potential health benefits, including protection against liver and colon cancer, type 2 diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease, according to some recently published studies. The researchers, however, advise that one should consume coffee in moderation, because it can make you jittery and cause stomach pains

(a) What do doctors advise us about the habit of drinking coffee?
 
(b) What are the two versions of coffee that are drunk in America?
 
(c) State any two benefits of antioxidants.
 
(d) What does Vinson say about the consumption of antioxidants?
 
(e) Name any two popular sources of antioxidants.
 
(f) How does coffee outrank dates in the level of antioxidants?
 
(g) Mention any two benefits of coffee.
 
(h) What do researchers warn us about the excessive use of coffee?

[0.03] Reading Skills
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skills
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

Read the following passage carefully:

Gandhiji As a Fund Raiser

Gandhiji was an incurable and irrestible fund raiser. He found special relish in getting jewellery from women. Ranibala of Burdwan was ten years old. One day she was playing with Gandhiji. He explained to her that her bangles were too heavy for her delicate little wrists. She removed the bangles and gave them away to Gandhiji.

He used to talk jokingly to small girls and created distaste for ornaments and created a desire in them to part with the jewellery for the sake of the poor. He motivated them to donate their jewellery for social usage.

Kasturbai didn’t appreciate this habit of Gandhiji. Once she stated calmly, ‘You don’t wear jewels, it is easy for you to get around the boys. But what about our daughters-in-law ? They would surely want them.

“Well!” Gandhiji put in mildly, "our children are young and when they grow up they will not surely choose wives who are found of wearing jewellery.” Kasturbai was very upset with the answer.

Gandhiji was determined to keep the jewels to raise community fund. He was of the opinion that a public worker should accept no costly gifts. He believed that he should not own anything costly, whether given or earned. Kasturbai was a female with a desire to adorn. But Gandhiji moved towards renunciation and donated every penny earned in South Africa to the trustees for the service of South African Indians.

2.1 Answer the questions given below:

(a) How did Gandhiji create a distaste for jewellery in Ranibala?
 
(b) What was Kasturbai’s apprehension about their daughters-in-law?
 
(c) What solution did Gandhiji suggest for the problem posed by Kasturbai?
 
(d) How did Gandhiji serve the community?
 
2.2 Find meanings of the words given below from the options that follow:
 
(e) incurable (para 1)
(i) unreliable
(ii) untreatable
(iii) disagreeable
(iv) unbeatable
 
(f) motivated (para 2)
(i) encouraged
(ii) emboldened
(iii) incited
(iv) softened
 
(g) upset (para 4)
(i) puzzled
(ii) furious
(iii) confused
(iv) distressed
 
(h) renunciation (para 5)
(i) giving up
(ii) disagreement
(iii) opposition
(iv) termination
[0.03] Reading Skills
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skills
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

Nowadays, we see the rise in prices of edible things like pulses, onions, oils and some other products. The layman is facing hardship on account of it. Write a letter in 120-150 words to the editor of a reputed daily requesting him to highlight the difficulties faced by common man due to rise in prices. Sign yourself as Pranjal/Praneeta living at 124, Vivek Vihar, Delhi.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

“A man's manners are a mirror in which he shows his portrait.” This quote highlights the importance of good manners in life. Write an article for your school magazine on “Good Manners.' You may use the following hints with your own ideas.

Hints: First step to success − need for good manners − make life easy with politeness − create goodwill − use words like thank you, please, sorry − important words − well mannered people liked by all.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Write a story in 150-200 words from the outline given below:

Cold winter night − all sound asleep − a thudding sound − switched on lights − hurried footsteps − followed − …....

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

“The date of examination was declared ________ I was horrified _________ My parents helped me _________ reached the examination centre _________ examination commenced _________ took a sigh of relief _________ stood first in the class.

The hints of the story are given above. You can start the story by using hints with your own ideas but you cannot change the end. Write the story in 150-200 words.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Read the sentence given below and fill in the blanks in it by choosing the most appropriate options from the ones that follow :
He was (a) ________ at the news (b) _________ the success of a poor candidate (c) _________ got the highest number of votes in Bihar election.

a b c
(i) surprising
(ii) surprise
(iii) surprised
(iv) having surprised
(i) of
(ii) for
(iii) to
(iv) by
(i) which
(ii) whose
(iii) whom
(iv) who
[0.04] Grammar
Chapter: [0.04] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

The following paragraph has not been edited. There is one error in each line against which a blank has been given. Write the error and the correction in your answer sheet against the correct blank number as given in the example. Remember to underline the word that you have supplied

 

Research is an detailed study of a

subject undertaking on a systematic

basis in order to increase a stock of

knowledge, including knowledge for man

culture and society, that the use of this stock

of knowledge to devise new applications

               Error     Correction
eg. an a ________
(a) _________ _________
(b) _________ _________
(c) _________ _________
(d) _________ _________
   
[0.04] Grammar
Chapter: [0.04] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Rearrange the jumbled words and phrases into meaningful sentences. The first one has been done as an example.

Example: in/the cactus/very hot,/grows/dry places

The cactus grows in very hot, dry places.

(a) do not/leaves/have/they/but/spiny/needles

(b) flowers/and/bloom/some of them/cacti/at night/are big

(c) absorb/from fog/water/in the air/cacti can

[0.04] Grammar
Chapter: [0.04] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Owing to the MCD employees’ strike, the roads in your area are littered with garbage. Not only the place is stinking but also is a health hazard. As Miki/Manish of 112, Laxmi Nagar, write a letter in 100-120 words to the editor of a local newspaper informing the concerned authorities of the unhygienic conditions and requesting them to take appropriate and necessary action in the matter.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

A civilised and well groomed personality has a positive impact on others. Write an article in 100-120 words for your school magazine on the importance of education in personality development. You are Mike/Manish.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Complete the following story in 150-200 words. The beginning of the story is given below:

On my way to school I usually see a beggar on the roadside. Yesterday on my way back, I did not see him there. Walking further I saw limping slowly. Out of idle curiosity I followed him. Soon I found ……..

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Complete the following story in 150-200 words. The beginning of the story is given below:

It was a Sunday afternoon. We had gone for a picnic to a park. Suddenly I found that my seven year old sister was missing from the group. We went in search of her in the woods and ……

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Complete the paragraph given below with the help of options that follow :

The Vichitra Veena as (a) ________ name suggests (b) _________ a rate instrument and there are not (c) _________ artistes who can play this instrument.

(a)

     (i) a

    (ii) an

    (iii) the

    (iv) some

(b)

   (i) is

   (ii) am

   (iii) are

   (iv) have been

(c)

   (i) much

   (ii) many

   (iii) more

   (iv) who

[0.04] Grammar
Chapter: [0.04] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Rearrange the following words and phrases into meaningful sentences.

One example is given below :

in/the highest/India has/population/livestock/the world.

India has the highest livestock population in the world.

(a) is/of milk/the country/also/producer/the highest

(b) is staring/but/at a/major/it/crisis/fodder

(c) due to/pressure/of/it/is/growing/population of land

[0.04] Grammar
Chapter: [0.04] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

The authorities have been claiming that the roads in your town have been relaid and repaired. But there is no visibility of such a work. Write a letter in 100-120 words to the editor of a local newspaper expressing your disappointment at the present situation and giving suggestions to resolve the problem. You are Shweta/Sham of 24, Pushp Nagar

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Write an article in 100-120 words on the topic, 'Importance of clean surroundings in your locality'. You are Ram/Rama.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill

Complete the story based on the outline given below in 150-200 words.

a pond …….. a crocodile ….….. a monkey ……... on a tree ………. were friends. Crocodile’s wife …….. wanted monkey’s heart  ……… monkey bewildered  ……… planned  ……… heart, home ……… went back to get it ……… saved himself.

[0.05] Writing Skills
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skill
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