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SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam - Maharashtra State Board Important Questions for English

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Read the following extract and complete the table given below about 'Types of Diseases':

         Health is defined as not simply the absence of disease. It involves a state of feeling well, both in body and in mind. 

      The diseases may be classified into the following types, Some diseases are present at birth. They are called congenital diseases. They may develop during pregnancy or are inherited, Some of them may be caused by environmental factors. Examples of congenital diseases are Down's syndrome, sickle cell anaemia, cystic fibrosis, haemophilia, etc.

      Some diseases are acquired by humans themselves and hence are called Self-Inflicted or Acquired diseases. Examples of acquired diseases are coronary heart diseases, hypertension.

      Some diseases are transmitted from one person to another. They are called as Communicable or Infectious diseases. They are caused by biological agents, Examples of communicable diseases are Cholera, Typhoid, Measles, Malaria, etc.

      Non- communicable diseases are caused by exogenous factors like physical, chemical, nutritional deficiencies. The examples are Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets, etc.  

                                                Title

Sr.No. Types  Causes

Examples

1. Congenital

o

develop during pregnancy

o environmental factors 

 
2. Self-Inflicted Acquired   Coronary heart disease. hypertension
3.   By biological agents Cholera, typhoid, measles, malaria
4.  Non-communicable diseases   Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
Concept: Writing Skill

Rewrite the following sentences replacing ‘as soon as’ by ‘No sooner than’

As soon as the thief escaped, the family informed the police.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Form two present participle in which the last letter is doubled.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Pick out the gerund from the following sentence:

The attitude of taking destroys families.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Change the following sentences into indirect speech:

Robert asked, “Joan. how old are you?” “I am 13 years old,” she replied.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Read the following passage and do the activities.

A1. Complete the following statements with the help of the passage: (02)

  1. The heaviness of being successful was replaced ______.
  2. The technology we developed at Next ______.

My second story is about love and loss. I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz (Steve Wozniak) and I started Apple when I was 20. In 10 years, Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company. And then I got fired. It was devastating.

But something slowly began to dawn on me – I still loved what I had did. And so, I decided to start over.

The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company Next, a company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar is now the world’s most successful animation studio, bought Apple next. I returned to Apple and the technology we developed at Next is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. The only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle.

A2. The writer Steve Jobs gives the readers some advice for life, list at least two of the important advices given by him in the passage: (02)

  1. ______
  2. ______

A3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words given below:  (02)

(devastating, renaissance, current, creative)

  1. The invention of the internet has brought about a __________ in communication.
  2. We should read the newspaper to keep ourselves updated on the _________ affairs.
  3. The earthquake had a ____________ effect on the life of the people.
  4. The Art teacher is very ___________,she always comes up with new ideas.

A4. Do as directed:  (02)

  1. Pixar is the world’s most successful animation studio.
    (Rewrite the sentence in Positive degree)
  2. Don’t lose faith.
    (Rewrite as an Assertive sentence)

A5. What does the second story of Jobs convey to you? (02)

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

Read the following passage carefully and complete the activities:

B1. State True or False:     (02)

  1. On the eighty-fifth day, the old man succeeds in hooking a salmon with his bait.
  2. Mandolin was his apprentice.
  3. The old man hardly had any experience in fishing.
  4. During the First World War, the old man had worked with the Red Cross.

An old and experienced Cuban fisherman has a run of terrible bad luck and is unable to catch any fish for eighty-four days. His young and devoted apprentice, Manolin, has been forced by his parents to start working with another fisherman. The old man resolves to sail out farther than all the other fishermen and attempt to catch the really big fish. On the eighty-fifth day, he succeeds in hooking a marlin with his bait but the marlin is too strong for him and starts pulling the boat. ‘The Old Man and the Sea’ is the story of the old man’s struggle with the marlin and his later battle against sharks.

Social/Historical context:

Hemingway’s novel is based on real events and it also draws heavily on his own life. He had the experience of fishing in the Cuban waters and like the old man he was also a fan of baseball. He worked for the Red Cross during the First World War and was injured by shrapnel when he was in Italy. Hemingway always talks about the need to struggle against defeat or death and how determination and endurance can help one to win this struggle The old man is at the end of the novel very near death, but we know that the story of his suffering and loss will live on in the memories of the people of his village. Ultimately his story becomes one of triumph because the tales of his life will on even after his death.

B2. Complete the following bubbles with the help of the passage: (02)

B3. Make meaningful sentences of your own using the below-given words or phrases: (02)

  1. devoted
  2. to be forced by.

B4. Do as directed: (02)

  1. He is unable to catch any fish for eighty-four days.
    (Pick the infinitive in the sentence)
  2. Hemingway always talks about the need to struggle against defeat or death.
    (Rewrite the sentence as a Negative sentence, without changing its meaning)

B5. Would you prefer to read a book or see a film based on the book? Give reasons for your answer: (02)

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

Say whether the following sentence is Assertive (Statements), Imperative (Commands, Requests, etc.), Interrogative (Questions), or Exclamatory (Exclamations).

How utterly we have failed our children!

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Spot the error in the following sentence and rewrite it:

When I took the note, I saw it were still wet from the nights rain.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Write any 2 compound words of your own.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Write a word register of 8 words related to:

‘Music’.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Change the voice:

Anil had already made the tea.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Make two sentences by using the given word as a noun and as a verb:

dream

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Spot the error in the given sentence and rewrite it:

The doctors give him two and half years to live.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Make a word register of four words related to 'Art'.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Read the following extract and rewrite it from the point of view of Roma : 
[You may begin with: Herman and I shared the backseat of Sid's car. .... ]
We piled back into Sid's car, Roma and I sharing the backseat. As European Jews who had survived the war, we were aware that much had been left unsaid between us. She broached the subject, "Where were you during the war?" she asked softly
"The camps," I said, the terrible memories still vivid, the irreparable loss, I had tried to forget. But you can never forget.
She nodded, "My family was hiding on a farm in Germany, not far from Berlin," She told me. "My father knew a priest, and he got us Aryan papers."
I imagined how she must have suffered too, fear, a constant companion. And yet here we were both survivors, in a new world.
"There was a camp next to the farm." Roma continued. "I saw a boy there and I would throw him apples every day."
What an amazing coincidence that she had helped some other boy. "What did he look like?" I asked.
"He was tall, skinny and hungry. I must have seen him every day for six months. "
My heart was racing. I couldn't believe it. This couldn't be. "Did he tell you one day not to come back because he was leaving Schlieben?".
Roma looked at me in amazement. "Yes!"
"That was me!"
I was ready to burst with joy and awe, flooded with emotions. I couldn't believe it! My angel.
"I'm not letting you go," I said to Roma. 
I proposed to her. I didn't want to wait.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
Concept: Writing Skill

Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper highlighting in it the importance of cleanliness and the need for public participation in the cleanliness drive in your district

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
Concept: Writing Skill

Narrate an experience in about 80-100 words with the following ending. Give a suitable title:

………. I promise myself to work hard in order to achieve success.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
Concept: Writing Skill

During the devastating July 2005 floods that hit Mumbai, Rajen Dutia received an urgent call from a relative, Lopa Vyas late in the evening. “A friend’s mother is stranded near your home, Rajen. Can you please take her home? Her name is Rashmi,” Vyas told him.
Mumbai had come to a halt and people were trapped everywhere. Despite power failure and raging rain, Dutia stepped out and made his way to the spot, where he found Rashmi as well as a dozen other people. They were stranded in the dark, shivering in the rain. They all lived far away and had no place to go for the night.
Rajen took all of them to his one-bedroom flat, where he served them dinner and invited them to spend the night.
"By doing so," says Rajen, "I was simply fulfilling my karma, paying the universe back for the good it had done for me."

"God is kind. My daughter had just started her new job that day, and had gone for her training. She was stranded too. While she was trying to get to our relatives, she almost drowned, but a young stranger saved her. He and his friends even dropped her to my relative's place and phoned me to say she was safe. One good turn deserves another."

A2. Order
Look at the following sentences from the passage and put them in the correct sequence: (2)
(a) He took them to his one-bedroom flat.
(b) Rajen found Rashmi as well as a dozen other people shivering in the rain.
(c) Mumbai had come to a halt and people were trapped everywhere.
(d) Rajen Dutia received an urgent call.

A3

During the devastating July 2005 floods that hit Mumbai, Rajen Dutia received an urgent call from a relative, Lopa Vyas late in the evening. “A friend’s mother is stranded near your home, Rajen. Can you please take her home? Her name is Rashmi,” Vyas told him.
Mumbai had come to a halt and people were trapped everywhere. Despite power failure and raging rain, Dutia stepped out and made his way to the spot, where he found Rashmi as well as a dozen other people. They were stranded in the dark, shivering in the rain. They all lived far away and had no place to go for the night.
Rajen took all of them to his one-bedroom flat, where he served them dinner and invited them to spend the night.
"By doing so," says Rajen, "I was simply fulfilling my karma, paying the universe back for the good it had done for me."

"God is kind. My daughter had just started her new job that day, and had gone for her training. She was stranded too. While she was trying to get to our relatives, she almost drowned, but a young stranger saved her. He and his friends even dropped her to my relative's place and phoned me to say she was safe. One good turn deserves another."

A2. Order
Look at the following sentences from the passage and put them in the correct sequence: (2)
(a) He took them to his one-bedroom flat.
(b) Rajen found Rashmi as well as a dozen other people shivering in the rain.
(c) Mumbai had come to a halt and people were trapped everywhere.
(d) Rajen Dutia received an urgent call.

A3(i). Fill in the blanks :
Select the words given in the passage (1)
(i) Thousands Of pilgrims were …………….. due to the cloud burst in Uttarakhand.
(ii) The tiger was ……………… by the hunter.

(ii). Antonyms:
Select the correct antonyms for the given words from the alternatives :
(1) Please :
(a) unplease (b) displease (c) misplease
(2) Safe: '
(a) insafe (b) safeless (c) unsafe

A4(i) Tags :
Select the correct tag for the alternatives given below :
One good turn deserves another.
(a) Doesn’t it? (b) don’t it (c) does it?

(ii). Guess:
Choose the correct answer : (1)
Rajen can you please take her home? ‘Can’ indicates :
(a) Obligation (b) ability (c) permission

A5. Personal Response :
‘ one good turn
Deserves another.’
Explain with an
example of your own.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Look at the balloons. Which are the qualities inculcated in the author by her teacher? Write them. (2)

Sister Monica, however, wasn't quite as lenient as that, and spent most of the time telling me about the importance of regularity and hard work. She made me realise that success is, like genius, 99 per cent perspiration and 1 per cent inspiration. It's a lesson that has stood me in good stead.
The teachers I'm most grateful to, though, are not those who have taught me the most, but those who have simply been friends to me, believed me and believed in me. Prominent among them is Sudha Ramasubramanium-Rambo, as we used to call her. I didn't know her too well. She taught me in college, and apart from being incredible in class unless one missed class, she also believed that I actualIy had a Problem when I developed an injury (which several doctors found difficult to diagnose). Despite my missing an exam-the HSC, of all exams- she was the only person who told me to concentrate on my health and assured me that I could take the exam off the top of my head any time I wanted to.
I'm not even certain she remembers it, but at the time, it felt like one of the only rays of hope in an extremely dark tunnel. Perhaps few teachers realize how far their influence extends or how much of a difference their actions and words can make. A number of my teachers have unfortunately taught me kindness and tolerance and patience by being precisely the opposite, and quite obviously, they aren't the people I like to think about. But many of my teachers have been extraordinary people, who have not only taught me in class but also helped mould me and my character in every other way. I only hope that I live up to what their endeavors were undoubtedly mean to create.

B2.Answer
(1) What kind of teachers are disliked by the author?                                                                (1)
(2) What was Sudha Ramasubramanium's advice to the author when she was going to miss her HSC exam. ?                                                                                                                                 (1)

B3. Match :
Match the words with their appropriate meanings :                                                                     (2)

‘A’ ‘B’
(i) Prominent (a) Treatment
(ii) Incredible (b) Natural
(iii) Diagnose (c) Unbelievable
(iv) Endeavours (d) Noticeable
  (e) Efforts
  (f) Identify a disease

B.4(i) ‘Wh question’
She made me realize that success is, like genius.                                                                  (1)
(Frame a ‘Wh’ question to get the underlined part as an answer)

(ii) She taught me in college.                                                                                                (1)
(Begin the sentence with ‘I’ and rewrite).

B5. Personal Response
Do you agree that a teacher should also be your good friend? Justify your answer.                    (2)

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
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