Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 12th Board Exam
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State any one limitation of Analysis of Financial Statement.

Appears in 9 question papers
Chapter: [0.09] Analysis of Financial Statements
Concept: Concept of Financial Statement Analysis

State any one limitation of Analysis of Financial Statement.

Appears in 9 question papers
Chapter: [0.09] Analysis of Financial Statements
Concept: Concept of Financial Statement Analysis

Features of Monopolistic Competition.

Appears in 8 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Forms of Market
Concept: Forms of Market

Features of Monopolistic Competition.

Appears in 8 question papers
Chapter: [1.05] Types of Market and Price Determination Under Perfect Competition
Concept: Forms of Market

Explain the law of demand with its assumptions.

Appears in 7 question papers
Chapter: [0.031] Demand Analysis
Concept: Demand Curve and Its Slope

Explain the law of demand with its assumptions.

Appears in 7 question papers
Chapter: [1.03] Analysis of Demand and Elasticity of Demand
Concept: Demand Curve and Its Slope

Distinguish between the following.

Micro Economics and Macro Economics.

Appears in 6 question papers
Chapter: [2.01] Introduction to Macro Economics
Concept: Difference Between Mirco Economic and Macro Economic

Answer the following question.
Explain the secondary functions of money.

Appears in 5 question papers
Chapter: [2.04] Money
Concept: Function of Money - Secondary Functions

(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
   Chronic floods during the monsoon, on average, affect more than 30 million Indians annually Ironically, 60% of India's farmland, 66% of its livestock and its entire forest area depend on rains for survival.
   According to a recently released Central Water Commission (CWC) report, on an average, 7·21 million hectares (roughly 72,000 sq. km.) go under floodwater. This water typically ravages 3·78 million hectares of agricultural land, damaging crops worth Rs. 1, 118 crores annually.
   Heavy rains and floods account for nearly 1,700 lives lost annually. Apart from this, I ·25 lakh houses are annually damaged by torrential rains that also wipe out nearly 96,000 livestock.
   Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity, hitting India almost every year. According to the CWC's report on financial aspects of flood control, anti-sea erosion and drainage projects, it is not possible to provide absolute protection instantly to all flood-prone areas. It says that such an attempt will neither be practical nor economically viable.
   The CWC's analysis of floods in India from 1953 to 2011 shows a marginal decline in flood-affected areas over the years, the data shows 1977 1978 and 1979 were the worst-hit. The 1977 floods killed over 11,000 people, six-time the average for the 59 years, between 1953 and 2011. In terms of area and population affected, the floods of 1978 were the most destructive.
  In terms off the financial loss, recent floods have been far more destructive. The total loss of crops, houses and public utilities in 2009 was Rs. 32541 crores, the highest for any year.

Question
(1) What is the above extract about?

(2) How do floods adversely affect India?

(3) Why is it not possible to provide absolute protection to all flood-prone areas?

(4) How would you help the flood-affected people?

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) The floods of 1978 were the most destructive.
(Change the sentence into the 'positive degree'.)
(ii) Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity hitting India almost every year.
(Make it a complex sentence.)
(iii) Floods have been far more destructive.
(Rewrite the sentence using the Simple Present tense.)

(6) Give the meanings of:
(i) entire
(ii) calamity

(B) Write a brief summary of the above extract with the help of the points given below and suggest a suitable title.
Floods - natural, recurrent calamity in India - destroy life and property - no absolute protection - neither practical nor economically viable- floods in 1977 and 1978. 

Appears in 5 question papers
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill

Write short note on the following.
Features of Micro Economics.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.01] Introduction to Micro and Macro Economics
Concept: Features of Micro Economics

Explain the concept of Macro economics and its features.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.01] Introduction to Micro and Macro Economics
Concept: Macro Economics

What are the features of perfect competition.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Forms of Market
Concept: Forms of Market

Distinguish between Surplus budget and Deficit budget.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.08] Public Finance in India
Concept: Types of Budget

Write short note on the following.
Features of Micro Economics.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [1.01] Introduction to Micro Economics
Concept: Features of Micro Economics

What are the features of perfect competition.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [1.05] Types of Market and Price Determination Under Perfect Competition
Concept: Forms of Market

Distinguish between the following.

Standard coins and Token coins.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [2.04] Money
Concept: Money - Store of Value

Distinguish between Surplus budget and Deficit budget.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [2.07] Public Economics
Concept: Types of Budget

Answer the following question as per instruction:
Speech Writing :
Imagine that your college has organised an 'elocution competition' and the topic of the competition is 'Save Trees, Trees Save'. Prepare a short speech with the help of the points given below :
Providers of human needs, ecological balance, rain showers, etc.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.02] Speaking Skill
Concept: Speaking Skill

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
But even in a poverty-free world where every man and woman would earn enough to take care of themselves and their family, there would still be situations of temporary poverty due to a sudden catastrophe or misfortune, a bankruptcy or business downturn leading to failure, or some personal disease or disaster.

A poverty-free world might see a whole group of families, locations, or even regions devastated by some shared disasters, such as floods, tire, cyclones, riots, earthquakes or
other disasters. But such temporary problems could be taken care of by the market mechanism through insurance and other self-paying programmes, assisted of course by social-consciousness-driven enterprises.

There would always remain differences in lifestyle between people at the bottom of society and those at the top income levels. Yet that difference would be the difference between the middle-class and luxury class, just as on trains in Europe today you have only first-class and second-class carriages, whereas in the nineteenth century there were third- class and even fourth-class carriages - sometimes with no windows and just hay strewn on the floor.

Can we really create a poverty-free world? A world without third-class or fourth-class citizens, a world without a hungry, illiterate, barefoot under-class?

(1) What is the extract about?

(2) How will the poverty-free world take care of natural disasters?

(3) According to the writer, what would, 'the world without poverty' be like?

(4) What can we do to help the poor in our society?

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:
(i) Temporary problems could be taken care of by market mechanisms.
(Rewrite the sentence beginning with 'Market mechanism ........ ')

(ii) In the nineteenth century, there were third-class carriages.
(Form a Wh-question to get the underlined part as an answer.)

(iii) There would still be situations of temporary poverty.
(Rewrite it using 'can'.)

( 6) What do the following words in the extract mean -

(i) devastated

(ii) hay

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill

(A) Read the fo llowing extract and answer the questions given below :

Kalpana Chawla was extremely proud other birth-place and made every effort to bring it into the lime-light. During space flights she vit, (mid prondk point it out to her Fellow-astronauts. Once, during the second Hight she remembered her closest friend, Dais Chawla, who died in a road accident. In fact, despite her celebrity status, she took pains to track down her former teachers, classmates and friends in India and showed a keen desire to stay in touch with them.

Her affectionate and humble nature won the hearts of all who came in contact with her. Although Kalpana had a strong desire to go to Mars, fly over its canyons she was equally concerned about the well-being of the earth. She always urged young people to listen to the sounds of nature and take care of our fragile planet. During, her space trips, she took many breatlitakilig photographs of the earth for various terrestrial studies later on the ground. When she was in space, she always felt a sense of connection with everyone on the earth.

It was Kalpana's cherished desire to visit India again. But that was not to be. A few months after her tragic death, Harrison visited India. He went to her school and college, met her family, teachers and friends and scattered her ashes over the Himalayas.

(1) What is the extract about? (1)

(2) How was Kalpana connected with India and Indians? (2)

(3) How was Kalpana concerned about the well-being of the earth? (2)

(4) What would you like to do For India? (2)

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:

(i) She took many breathtaking photographs of the earth.
(Rewrite it using the Present Perfect Continuous tense.) (1)

(ii) He scattered her ashes over the Himalayas.
(Rewrite it beginning with 'Her ashes ...... ')(1)

(iii) Kalpana was extremely proud of her birth-place and made every effort to bring it into limelight.
(Rewrite it using 'not only ...... but also'.)(1)

( 6) Give the antonyms from the extract for -

(i) collected                           (1/2)
(ii) forgot                              (1/2)

(B) Summary :
Write a summary of the above extract with the help of the following
points and suggest a suitable title :
Points : Kalpana's affection towards India and Indians her humble - nature her love for the earth Harrison's visit to India. (4)

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill
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