HSC Science (General) 12th Standard Board Exam - Maharashtra State Board Important Questions for English

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Answer the following question as per instructions:
Framing Questions :
            
On the occasion of 'Annual Sports Prize Distribution' programme a well-known sports personality is invited in your college as a chief guest. As a sports secretary you have got an opportunity to interview him/her. Frame a set of 8-10 questions regarding his/her achievements, inspirations, best moment and prizes he/she has won.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Interview Questions

Answer the following question as per instruction:
Speech Writing :
Imagine that your college has organised an 'elocution competition' and the topic of the competition is 'Save Trees, Trees Save'. Prepare a short speech with the help of the points given below :
Providers of human needs, ecological balance, rain showers, etc.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Speech Writing

Read the following extract and complete the note with the help of the clues provided : 
Vitamins are either fat-soluble (A, D, E, K) or water-soluble (B vitamins, including niacin, folic acid and riboflavin, and vitamin C). They consist mainly of the elements nitrogen, oxygen, carbon and hydrogen. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in bod)' fat, while water-soluble vita1nins are used or quickly excreted in the urine.
Vitamin A is essential for the eyes, skin, hair, and bones; the B vitamins help enzymes to function; C is essential for the formation of collagen; D helps the body absorb calcium; E prevents cell damage, and K helps blood clotting. Most vitamins cannot be produced by the body and so must be obtained directly from food.

VITAMINS

Vitamins are obtained from
B Vitamins Fat-soluble
Vitamins consist of 1.
2. Oxygen
3. 
4. Hydrogen
Vitamin A
            B
            C
            D
            E
            K
Essential for eyes, skin, etc.
Formation of collagen
Prevents cell damage
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skills

(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below :
Oil is one of the world's major sources of energy. We depend on it as fuel for heating, transport, and generation of power.
For centuries, animal and vegetable oils have been used for cooking and as a source of artificial light. But it is mineral oil which meets most of the world's needs today.
Crude mineral oil comes out of the earth as a thick brown or black liquid with a strong smell. It is a complex mixture of many different substances, each with its own individual qualities. Most of them are combinations of hydrogen and carbon in varying proportions. Such hydrocarbons are also found in other forms such as bitumen, asphalt and natural gas. Mineral oil originates from the carcasses of tiny animals and from plants that live in the sea. Over millions of years, these dead creatures form large deposits under the sea bed and ocean currents cover them with a blanket of sand and silt. As this material hardens, it becomes sedimentary rock and effectively shuts out the oxygen so preventing the complete decomposition of the marine deposits underneath. The layers of sedimentary rock become thicker and heavier. Their pressure produces heat, which transforms the tiny carcasses into crude oil in a process that is still going on today.
The earth's crust is split into a few hu·ge continental plates which move continuously rather like rafts on a sluggish tide. Geologists call this rnoven1ent as 'continental drift'.

(1) What does the extract ·tell us about?

(2) In which form does crude mineral oil come out of the earth and from what does it originate?

(3) How is 'continental drift' formed?

(4) According to you, how can we stop the excessive use of energy?

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) Oil is one of the world's major sources of energy.
(Rewrite it as a negative sentence without changing its meaning.)

(ii) As this material hardens, it becomes sedimentary rock.
(Make it a compound sentence.)

(iii) Geologists call this movement 'con·tinental drift'.
(Frame a 'Wh-question' to get the underlined part as an answer.)

(6) Give the antonyms from the extract for :
(i) artificial
(ii) lighter

(B) Write·a brief summary of the above extract with the help of the points given below and suggest a suitable title.
Oil as a source of energy - our dependence - types of oil -mineral oil origin of crude oil formation of crude oil-farming of sedimentary rocks - continental drift

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Summary Writing

Read the following advertisement and prepare a letter of application in response to it by using the information given in the C. V. (Resume) that follows :

SITUATION VACANT

Wanted
Civil Engineer

The candidate should be B.E. (Ist Class).
Experience preferred. Ready to work
abroad. Good salary offered.
Write: To,
The Manager,
Kumar Construction Company,
Andheri (E), Mumbai.

CV (Resume)
Name: Ajinkya J. Sharma
Address: East Shri Nagar Colony, Solapur Road, Hadapsar, Pune.
Age: 26 years
Education: B.E.(Ist Class)
Experience: 2 years as a Civil Engineer
Interests: Reading, Travelling, Photography
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Letter Writing

Your locality is facing the problem of irregular water supply.
Write a letter to the concerned authority about it.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Letter Writing

Read the following Intros of news items. Choose any ONE of them and write the headline, the dateline and a short continuing paragraph for it.
(i) A shortage of onions in Maharashtra has surged prices by 30 percent. It forced the authorities to import onions from abroad.
(ii) The birth anniversary of the late President Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was celebrated yesterday in Saraswati Kanya Pathshala as Teacher's Day.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Information Transfer

Your college is going to arrange a rally to raise funds to help drought affected farmers. Prepare a short appeal for people to join the rally with the help of the following points:
(i) Use slogans.
(ii) Make a persuasive appeal for generous donation.
(iii) Time and place of the rally.
(iv) Famous personality to lead the rally.
(v) Add your own points.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Appeal

Study carefully the following pie-chart about the Income Sources of a City Budget and write a short continuing paragraph based on it in about 120 words :

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Information Transfer

Prepare a paragraph with an appropriate title to be used for the Counter-View Section on the following topic in about 120 words:
''Can the use of Internet enhance students' learning?''
You can take the help of the following points from the View Section.

View Section
  • It's easier to find all the information.
  • It makes learning interesting.
  • It provides easy access to resource material.
  • It gives various explanations I viewpoints about any topic.
  • It gives the latest updated knowledge.
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: View and Counterview

Answer the following questions as per instructions:

Imagine that you are a journalist and you have been assigned the task of interviewing a film actor/actress. Frame a set of 8 to 10 questions to interview him/her.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Interview Questions

Prepare a speech on 'Father's Day' with the help of the following
points :
(1) Man of practical attitude.
(2) Thinker of the future.
(3) Pillar of family.
(4) Greatest family support.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Speech Writing

Read the following extract and complete the table given below :
   Computer Assisted Language Leaming (CALL) materials come in two main formats: CD/DVD RO Ms and Web-based. Some are tailored to the content to be used in the classrooms whereas others can be used independently. CALL materials allow you to work at your own pace.
   Multimedia materials offer you the opportunity to take part in other computer-assisted activities, such as text-based gap-filling, multiple-choice and text reconstruction activities. Language teachers often develop such text-based CALL activities to accompany a particular course. CALL materials can be regularly updated.
   Because CALL learning activity types are usually designed from a template, they can sometimes be repetitive.
   A major advantage of CALL materials is that they offer instant feedback on your spoken or written performance. However, such feedback can be limited. If you are more interested in creating your own responses or elaborating on your ideas, you may find this type of Facebook frustrating. Web-based CALL materials can offer more variety through the use of hyperlinks, but feedback is still limited.
Just as representations of the cultures of the target language offered by courses using books; audio and videotapes can perpetuate stereotypes.

Computer Assisted Language Learning Material
Formats Advantages Disadvantages
 ------------and Web-based (a) content tailored for classroom use

(i) -------
  (b) ----------- (ii) limited feedback
  (c) ----------- (iii) ---------
  (d) offer opportunity to take part in other computer-assisted activities (iv)--------
  (e) -----------  
  (f) -----------  
  (g) offer variety  
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Information Transfer

Write an application in response to the following advertisement using information given in the CV provided :

SITUATION VACANT
                                Wanted
Smart, English speaking salesman for an electronic
showroom. Good salary offered. An experienced candidate will be preferred.
Write giving details to : The Proprietor, Ganesh Electronics, M.G. Road, Solapur.
C. V. (Resume)
(1) Name: Suhas Randive
(2) Age: 29 years
(3) Address: 105, Roshan Apartment, L.T. Road, Pune - 11
(4) Educational: B. A. (First class), Pune University qualification
(5) Experience: 3 years' experience of working as a salesman in a textile shop.
(6) Interests: Travelling, photography, reading.
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skills
Write a short tourist leaflet on a place of historical importance with the help of the following points: 
(i) How to reach there?
(ii) Where to Stay?
(iii) Historical importance of the place.
(iv) Shopping Attraction.
(v) Add your own points.
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Writing Skills
Read the following headlines of news items. Choose any ONE of them and write the dateline, intro and a short continuing paragraph:
(i) 4 killed, 20 injured in a road mishap.
(ii) Auto - rickshaw drivers on strike.
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Paragraph Writing
Read the following tabular data and write a short paragraph regarding ‘The vacant seats in the Engineering and Pharmacy college’ :
Courses
Intake capacity
Vacant seats
Engineering:
   
Degree
1, 55, 102
42, 497
Diploma
1, 65, 413
55, 107
Post - graduation
13, 651
1, 810
Pharmacy:
   
Degree
9, 712
924
Diploma
12, 959
1, 771
Post - graduation
5, 296
3, 506
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Information Transfer

Write short paragraph in about 120 words to be used for the Counter - View section on the following topic:
“Science and Technology development have helped us in all walks of life”.
You may take help of the following points from the View section.

View Section
Science and technology development useful for mankind.
• has made life comfortable and happy.
• life being lengthened.
• increased agricultural production.
• world is brought closer through various safer and
faster communication and transport systems.
• modes of entertainment.
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: View and Counterview

Imagine you have to interview an old woman who lives in an ‘old - age home’. Write a set of 8 to 10 questions for the interview. You may take help of the following points:

• Her family, reasons for being in an old-age home, her feelings and expectations, her advice, etc.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Interview Questions

Imagine you have to give a speech on the topic ‘India’s Changing Villages’. Write a speech on it about 100 words.

 

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Additional Writing Skills
Concept: Speech Writing
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