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CBSE (Commerce) Class 12 - CBSE Important Questions for Psychology

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Psychology
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Explain briefly the multiple intelligences identified by Gardner ?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

State any two differences between somatic symptom and illness anxiety disorder.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
Concept: Major Psychological Disorders

Radhika has been diagnosed with generalised anxiety disorder. Explain the development of this disorder with the help of the diathesis-stress model.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
Concept: Major Psychological Disorders

Describe the defining symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
Concept: Concepts of Abnormality and Psychological Disorders

Describe some of the identifying symptoms of different types of dissociative disorders.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
Concept: Major Psychological Disorders

Mental health professionals have attempted to understand psychological disorders using different approaches through the ages. Today, we have sophisticated facilities and hospitals dedicated to the treatment of the mentally ill. While studying the history of psychological disorders it is interesting to note that some practices from ancient times are still in use. Take the case of Lakshmi and her daughter, Maya. Maya exhibits abnormal behaviours and Lakshmi believes that this is because of evil spirits that have possessed her. She has been taking her daughter to a self-proclaimed healer, who uses counter-magic and prayer to cure her. Stigma and lack of awareness prevents Lakshmi from using the modern facilities and hospitals that provide quality mental health care.

On the other hand, when young Rita reported seeing people and hearing voices, mental health professionals at a modern facility were able to understand her hallucinations using a convergence of three approaches. Psychologists use official manuals like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5 th Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) to indicate presence or absence of disorders. Today there is increased compassion for people who suffer from disorders and a lot of emphasis is placed on providing community care.

Identify the method used by the healer to cure Maya’s illness. How does this theory from ancient times explain Maya’s treatment?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
Concept: Concepts of Abnormality and Psychological Disorders

What are dissociative disorders?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
Concept: Major Psychological Disorders

Mental health professionals have attempted to understand psychological disorders using different approaches through the ages. Today, we have sophisticated facilities and hospitals dedicated to the treatment of the mentally ill. While studying the history of psychological disorders it is interesting to note that some practices from ancient times are still in use. Take the case of Lakshmi and her daughter, Maya. Maya exhibits abnormal behaviours and Lakshmi believes that this is because of evil spirits that have possessed her. She has been taking her daughter to a self-proclaimed healer, who uses counter-magic and prayer to cure her. Stigma and lack of awareness prevents Lakshmi from using the modern facilities and hospitals that provide quality mental health care.

On the other hand, when young Rita reported seeing people and hearing voices, mental health professionals at a modern facility were able to understand her hallucinations using a convergence of three approaches. Psychologists use official manuals like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5 th Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) to indicate presence or absence of disorders. Today there is increased compassion for people who suffer from disorders and a lot of emphasis is placed on providing community care.

Which approach do you think would best explain Rita’s treatment? How do you think DSM-5 and ICD-10 help mental health professionals in indicating the presence or absence of disorders?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
Concept: Concepts of Abnormality and Psychological Disorders

A client approaches a therapist to overcome her/his phobia for heights. Describe a behavioral technique that the therapist might choose to help her/him to overcome this phobia for heights.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [5] Therapeutic Approaches
Concept: Type of Therapies

Explain the alternative treatment possibilities to psychotherapy. How does rehabilitation of the mentally ill improve the quality of their life?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [5] Therapeutic Approaches
Concept: Type of Therapies

Explain the different cognitive therapies that are used to reduce distress.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [5] Therapeutic Approaches
Concept: Type of Therapies

Explain any two factors that influence attitude formation.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
Concept: Attitude Formation and Change

Explain any two components of attitudes.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
Concept: Nature and Components of Attitudes

What is cognitive dissonance? Give an example.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
Concept: Nature and Components of Attitudes

Anshu feels that assertive and successful women might become too powerful and neglect their family responsibilities. Explain the factors that will help in changing Anshu’s attitude towards assertive and successful women.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
Concept: Attitude Formation and Change

We are members of a number of groups at any given time. Explain the reasons that make people join groups.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [7] Social Influence and Group Processes
Concept: Intergroup Conflict : Nature and Causes

Groups differ in many respects. Identify the characteristics that distinguish primary groups from secondary groups.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [7] Social Influence and Group Processes
Concept: Type of Groups

A person ‘X’ was caught taking a bribe and her/his colleagues were asked to decide on what punishment she/he should be given. They could either let her/him go with just a warning or decide to terminate her/his services. After a discussion with other employees of the organisation, an extreme decision was taken to terminate this person’s services. Identify this phenomenon and explain why it occurs.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [7] Social Influence and Group Processes
Concept: Influence of Group on Individual Behaviour
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