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Important Questions for CBSE (Hindi Medium) Class 10 [१० वीं कक्षा] - CBSE

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News Report:

Prepare a news report on the following:

‘Traffic Police Commissioner conducts a lecture series, to enlighten the students about safe driving.’

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [2] Writing and Grammar
Concept: Writing Skill

Read the passage given below.

5

Technology is making advancements at a rapid rate but at the cost of a valued tradition - the crafts industry. The traditional crafts industry is losing a lot of its trained and skilled craftsmen. With that, the art of embellishing brass and copper utensils with fine engravings is also disappearing. The government has identified around 35 crafts as a languishing craft.

10

The speciality of handcrafted items is their design, an association with long traditions belonging to a specific region. The word ‘handcrafted’ does not imply the involvement of dexterous human fingers or an agile mind with a moving spirit anymore. Lessening drudgery, increasing production and promoting efficiency have taken precedence. The labour-saving devices are taking the place of handcrafted tools and this has jeopardized the skills of these artisans.

15

Mechanisation has made its way into everything - cutting, polishing, edging, designing etc. Ideally, the use of machinery should be negligible and the handicrafts should be made purely by hand with a distinguishable artistic appeal. However, with the exception of small-scale industries, the export units are mostly operated by machines. The heavily computerised designs contribute to faster production at lower costs.

20

Although mechanization of crafts poses a challenge to safeguarding traditional crafts, the artisans are lured with incentives in order to impart handicrafts training. Some makers do see machines as a time-saving blessing since they are now able to accomplish difficult and demanding tasks with relative ease. These machines might give a better 25finesse to these products but they don’t stand out as handcrafted. The quantity has overtaken quality in this industry.

30

A need to highlight the importance of the handmade aspect is required by both the government and private sectors, in order to amplify awareness and also support the culture of making handicrafts. A few artisans are still trying their best to rejuvenate and revive their culture and heritage but it’s an uphill task competing with the machine-made goods. A multitude of artisans have changed their professions and are encouraging their progeny to follow suit. There are others who have stayed their ground but are clearly inclined towards buying machines.

35

Nearly two decades ago, there were around 65 lakh artisans in the country. Three years ago, when the government started the process of granting a unique number to the artisans based on the Aadhaar card, 25 lakhs were identified. Loss of traditional crafts is clearly a worrying issue, but it stands to reason that forcing any artisan to follow old ways when concerns of livelihood overrule other considerations, is unfair.

Based on your understanding of the passage, answer the questions given below.

  1. What does the writer mean by calling handicrafts a ‘valued tradition’?
  2. Rewrite the following sentence by replacing the underlined phrase with a word that means the same from lines 5-15.
    If it continues, the workcation (work + vacation) trend will be a powerful boost to domestic tourism operators failing to make progress in the economic slump caused due to the pandemic.
  3. State any two reasons why artisans are choosing to work via machines rather than handcrafted tools.
  4. Why do the artisans need to be ‘lured with incentives’ to impart handicrafts training?
  5. List one likely impact of the support of government and private sectors towards the culture of making handicrafts.
  6. How does the writer justify an artist’s act of abandoning her/his traditional craft for a more lucrative option?
Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.03] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Read the following excerpt from a case study.

Impacts of Festivities on Ecology
5 Festivals are synonymous with celebration, ceremony and joy. However, festivals bring to the fore the flip side of celebrations – pollution – air, water, soil and noise. This led to the need of assessing the awareness level among people about ecological pollution during festivals. So, a study was conducted by scholars of an esteemed university in India. This study was titled Awareness Towards Impact of Festivals on Ecology.
10 There were two main objectives of the study. The first one was to assess the awareness level among people about ecological protection during festivities. Exploring solutions to bring awareness about celebrating festivals without harming ecology was the second objective. The method used to collect data was a simple questionnaire containing 6 questions, shared with 50 respondents across four selected districts of a state in the southern region of India.
15

The research began by understanding the socio-economic conditions of the respondents before sharing the questionnaire. Once the responses were received, the data collected were tabulated (Table 1), for analysis. 

Table-1: Awareness level among respondents

QUESTIONS YES % NO % CAN’T SAY%
1. Do you feel that bursting crackers is a must during festivities? 46 54 0
2. Do you think most people abuse environmental resources during the celebration of festivals? 72 28 0
3. Do you think that celebrations & festivities result in uniting people? 64 32 4
4. Do you enjoy bursting crackers for amusement? 68 32 0
5. Do you feel pressured to burst crackers during festivals as an expectation of your social status? 82 12 6
6. Are you aware of waste segregation & disposal guidelines for better ecology? 56 40 4
20 The study recommended the imposition of strict rules and regulations as opposed to a total ban on all festive activities which have a drastic impact on our environment. The researchers believed that such measures would help in harnessing some ill-effects that add to the growing pollution and suggested further studies be taken up across the country to assess awareness about ecological degradation.
25  The observations made in the study pointed to the environmental groups and eco-clubs fighting a losing battle due to city traffic issues, disposal of plastics, garbage dumping and all sorts of ecological degradation. The researchers stressed that the need of the hour is increasing awareness among people to reduce environmental pollution which can be facilitated by celebrating all festivals in an eco-friendly manner.

On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the questions given below.

  1. Why do the researchers call pollution the ‘flip side’ of festivals?
  2. Comment on the significance of the second objective of the study with reference to lines 7-12.
  3. Justify the researchers’ recommendation for limiting the drastic impact of festival pollution on the environment with reference to lines 16-21.
  4. Why do the researchers feel that environmental groups and eco-clubs are fighting a losing battle in the given scenario?
  5. Even though a larger number of people say ‘no’ to bursting crackers than those who say ‘yes’, festival pollution persists. How does evidence from table 1 support this statement?
  6. What purpose does the ‘Can’t Say’ column serve in the questionnaire (table 1)?
Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.03] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

'फ़ादर कामिल बुल्के संकल्प से संन्यासी थे, मन से नहीं।' लेखक के इस कथन के आधार पर सिद्ध कीजिए कि फ़ादर का जीवन परंपरागत संन्यासियों से किस प्रकार अलग था ?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] गद्य (Prose)
Concept: गद्य (Prose) (Class 10 A)

फ़ादर की उपस्थिति लेखक को देवदार की छाया के समान क्यों लगती थी? पाठ के आधार पर सिद्ध कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] गद्य (Prose)
Concept: गद्य (Prose) (Class 10 A)

क्या सनक सकारात्मक भी हो सकती है? सकारात्मक सनक की जीवन में क्या भूमिका हो सकती है? सटीक उदाहरणों द्वारा अपने विचार प्रकट कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] गद्य (Prose)
Concept: गद्य (Prose) (Class 10 A)

‘लखनवी अंदाज़’ शीर्षक की सार्थकता तर्क सहित सिद्ध कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] गद्य (Prose)
Concept: गद्य (Prose) (Class 10 A)

‘माता का अंचल’ पाठ में वर्णित बचपन और आज के बचपन में क्या अंतर है? क्या इस अंतर का प्रभाव दोनों बचपनों के जीवन मूल्यों पर पड़ा है? तर्क सहित स्पष्ट कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] गद्य (Prose)
Concept: गद्य (Prose) (Class 10 A)

‘जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक’ पाठ में निहित व्यंग्य को स्पष्ट करते हुए बताइए कि मानसिक पराधीनता से मुक्ति पाना क्यों आवश्यक है?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] गद्य (Prose)
Concept: गद्य (Prose) (Class 10 A)

नदी, फूलों, वादियों और झरनों के स्वर्गिक सौंदर्य के बीच किन दृश्यों ने लेखिका के हृदय को झकझोर दिया? ‘साना-साना हाथ जोड़ि’ पाठ के आधार पर उत्तर दीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.01] गद्य (Prose)
Concept: गद्य (Prose) (Class 10 A)

‘उत्साह’ कविता के शीर्षक की सार्थकता तर्क सहित स्पष्ट कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.02] पद्य (Poetry)
Concept: पद्य (Poetry) (Class 10 A)

इस सत्र में पढ़ी गई किस कविता में फागुन के प्राकृतिक सौंदर्य का वर्णन किया गया है? उसे अपने शब्दों में व्यक्त कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.02] पद्य (Poetry)
Concept: पद्य (Poetry) (Class 10 A)

इस सत्र में पढ़ी गई किस कविता में कोरी भावुकता न होकर जीवन में संचित किए अनुभवों की अनिवार्य सीख है? कविता के नाम के साथ कथन की पुष्टि के लिए उपयुक्त तर्क भी प्रस्तुत कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.02] पद्य (Poetry)
Concept: पद्य (Poetry) (Class 10 A)

इस सत्र में पढ़ी गई किस कविता की अंतिम पंक्तियाँ आपको प्रभावित करती हैं और क्यों? तर्क सहित स्पष्ट कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.02] पद्य (Poetry)
Concept: पद्य (Poetry) (Class 10 A)

निम्नलिखित विषय पर संकेत-बिंदुओं के आधार पर लगभग 150 शब्दों में अनुच्छेद लिखिए-

कोरोना काल और ऑनलाइन पढ़ाई

संकेत बिन्दुः भूमिका, लॉकडाउन की घोषणा, ऑनलाइन कक्षाओं का आरंभ, इसके लाभ, ऑफलाइन कक्षाओं से तुलना, तकनीकी से जुड़ी बाधाएँ, निष्कर्ष।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.04] लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills)
Concept: लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills) (Class 10 A)

निम्नलिखित विषय पर संकेत-बिंदुओं के आधार पर लगभग 150 शब्दों में अनुच्छेद लिखिए-

मानव और प्राकृतिक आपदाएँ

संकेत बिन्दुः भूमिका, प्रकृति और मानव का नाता, मानव द्वारा बिना सोचे-विचारे प्रकृति का दोहन, कारण एवं प्रभाव, प्रकृति के रौद्र रूप के लिए दोषी कौन, निष्कर्ष

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.04] लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills)
Concept: लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills) (Class 10 A)

निम्नलिखित विषय पर संकेत-बिंदुओं के आधार पर लगभग 150 शब्दों में अनुच्छेद लिखिए-

सड़क सुरक्षा : जीवन रक्षा

संकेत बिन्दुः भूमिका, सड़क सुरक्षा से जुड़े कुछ प्रमुख नियम, सड़क सुरक्षा के नियमों की अनदेखी से होने वाली हानियाँ, इन्हें अपनाने के लाभ, निष्कर्ष।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.04] लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills)
Concept: लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills) (Class 10 A)

आपकी चचेरी दीदी कॉलेज में दाखिला लेना चाहती हैं, किंतु आपके चाचा जी आगे की पढ़ाई न करवाकर उनकी शादी करवाना चाहते हैं। इस बारे में अपने चाचा जी को समझाते हुए लगभग 120 शब्दों में एक पत्र लिखिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.04] लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills)
Concept: लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills) (Class 10 A)

आपके क्षेत्र में सरकारी राशन की दुकान का संचालक गरीबों के लिए आए अनाज की कालाबाजारी करता है और कुछ कहने पर उन्हें धमकाता है। उसकी शिकायत करने हेतु लगभग 120 शब्दों में जिलाधिकारी को पत्र लिखिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.04] लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills)
Concept: लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills) (Class 10 A)

आपको अपना फ्लैट किराए पर देना है। इसके लिए लगभग 50 शब्दों में एक आकर्षक विज्ञापन तैयार कीजिए।

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [0.04] लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills)
Concept: लेखन कौशल (Writing Skills) (Class 10 A)
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