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Important Questions for CBSE (English Medium) Class 10 - CBSE - English - Language and Literature

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English - Language and Literature
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Read the following passage carefully.
1. Few guessed that this quiet, parentless girl growing up in New York City would one day become the First Lady of the United States. Even fewer thought she would become an author and lecturer and a woman much admired and loved by people throughout the world.

2. Born Anna Eleanor Roosevelt in 1884 to wealthy, but troubled parents who both died while she was young, Roosevelt was cared for by her grandmother and sent to school in England. In 1905, she married her distant cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. She and her husband had six children. Although they were wealthy, her life was not easy and she suffered several personal tragedies. Her second son died when he was a baby. In 1921, her strong athletic husband was stricken with polio, which left him physically disabled for life.

3. Eleanor Roosevelt was a remarkable woman who had great intelligence and tremendous strength of character. She never let things get her down. She nursed her husband back to good health and encouraged him to remain in politics. She then helped him to become Governor of New York, and in 1933, President of the United States.

4. While her husband was President, she took a great interest in all the affairs of the country. She became her husband's legs and eyes; she visited prisons and hospitals; she went down into mines, up scaffoldings, and into factories. Roosevelt was tireless and daring. During the depression, she travelled all over the country bringing goodwill, reassurance, and help to people without food and jobs. During World War II she visited American soldiers in camps all over the world. The United States had never known a First Lady like her.

5. Roosevelt also kept in touch with the American people through a daily newspaper column called 'My Day'. She broadcast on the radio and delivered lectures, all first for a First Lady.

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage answer the following questions: (any eight)

(a) How was Eleanor Roosevelt's personality in contrast to what she became?
(b) Apart from being the First Lady what else did she have to her credit?
(c) What challenges did she face in her personal life but remained unfazed?
(d) Eleanor was a strong woman who helped her husband become the President of America. How?
(e) What does the statement: 'she became her husband's legs and eyes' mean?
(f) What was her special contribution during the depression?
(g) How did she motivate soldiers during World War II?
(h) What did she do for the first time for a First Lady?
(i) What side of her personality is reflected in this passage?

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [1] Reading
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

Read the passage given below carefully and answer the questions that follow.

1. Overpowering prey is a challenge for creatures that do not have limbs. Some species like Russell's viper inject poison. Some others opt for an alternative non-chemical method – rat snakes, for instance, catch and push their prey against the ground, while pythons use their muscle power to crush their prey to death. But snakes can't be neatly divided into poisonous and non-poisonous categories.

2. Even species listed as non-poisonous aren't completely free of poison. The common Sand Boa, for instance, produces secretions particularly poisonous to birds. So the species doesn't take any chance – it crushes its prey) and injects poison as an extra step.

3. Do vipers need poison powerful enough to kill hundreds of rats with just one drop? After all, they eat only one or two at a time.

4. While hunting animals try their worst to kill most efficiently, their prey uses any trick to avoid becoming a meal, such as developing immunity to poison.) For instance, Californian ground squirrels are resistant to Northern Pacific rattlesnake poison.

5. Competition with prey is not the only thing driving snakes to evolve more and more deadly poison. Snakes also struggle to avoid becoming prey themselves.

6. Some snake killers have partial immunity to poison. Famously, mongooses are highly resistant to cobra poison, and with their speed and agility, kill snakes fearlessly. It would be the death of cobras as a species if they didn't evolve a more deadly poison to stop mongooses.

7.  Poison has another important role. It's an extreme meat softener, specific enzymes break up the insides of the prey. Normally, a reptile depends on the sun's warm rays to aid digestion.

8. But I wonder if we cannot use venom in our favour. In remote parts of India, local hospitality often involves leather tough meat. I chew and chew until my jaws ache. If I spit it out or refuse, our hosts would be offended, I swallow like a python stuffing a deer down its throat and hope I don't choke. If only I had poison.

2.1 Read the questions given below and answer any four in 30-40 words each.
(a) Russell viper and rat snake have different methods to attack prey. How?
(b) How does Sand Boa kill its prey?
(c) There is a constant tussle between the hunting animal and its prey? Why?
(d) What makes mongoose a snake predator?
(e) What difficulty does the writer face when he is entertained in the remote parts of India?

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the above passage fill in any two of the following blanks.
i. Overpowering __________ is a challenge for creatures that do not have limbs.
a. a killer
b. humans
c. a python
d. prey
 
ii. Poison  ____________ meat.
a. enhances taste of
b. hardens
c. softens
d. breaks down

iii. Californian squirrels are  ______________  rattlesnake poison.
a. afraid of
b. helpless against
c. resistant to
d. indifferent to

2.3 Find words from the passage which mean the same as (any two)
a. Another (para 1)
a. Liquid substances released from glands (para 2)
c. Particular (para 7)
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [1] Reading
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

Anne's mother never showed her interest in Anne Frank and remained indifferent to her. Describe the character of Anne's mother, Edith Frank in the light of this remark.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Read of the following passage and answer the questions:

When I casually mentioned this to a friend, he casually replied that I had better get one in the Tigris marshes, for there they were as common as mosquitoes, and were often tamed by the Arabs. We were going to Basra to the Consulate-General to collect and answer our mail from Europe. At the Consulate-General we found that my friend's mail had arrived but that mine had not.

Questions :

(a) What was 'they'?

(b) Where could the author get 'one'?

(c) Find the exact word from the extract which means 'domesticated.'

(d) What did the author find at the Consulate-General?

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow:

(There is a languid, emerald sea,
where the sole inhabitant is me-
a mermaid drifting blissfully.)

Questions :

(a) Who does 'me' stand for?

(b) How does 'me' feel?

(c) Who is 'me' compared to?

(d) Which word in the extract means the opposite of 'sorrowfully'?

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Answer the following question  in 30-40 words :
How did Kisa Gotami realize that life and death is a normal process?

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Attempt the following question in 100-120 words:

Bholi is a child different from others. This difference makes her an object of neglect and laughter. Elaborate.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Attempt the following question in 100-120 words:
The poet in the poem, 'For Anne Gregory' conveys that we should give importance to the inner beauty and not to the physical appearance. Elaborate with reference to the poem.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Answer the following question in 200-250 words:
How did Kitty help Anne overcome her loneliness?

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Answer the following question in 200-250 words:
What is the main theme of 'The Diary of a Young Girl'?

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Answer the following question in 200-250 words:
"The best and most beautiful things in the world can't be seen or even touched. They must be felt with the heart." Justify the famous quote of Helen Keller.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Answer the following question in 200-250 words:
Helen had a great love for animals and birds. Write about this aspect of her character.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

If you are addicted to coffee, and doctors warn you to quit the habit, don’t worry and just keep relishing the beverage, because it’s not that bad after all! In fact, according to a new study, the steaming cup of Java can beat fruits and vegetables as the primary source of antioxidants. Some studies state that coffee is the number one source of antioxidants in American diet, and both caffeinated and decaf versions appear to provide similar antioxidant levels.

Antioxidants in general have been linked to a number of potential health benefits, including protection against heart diseases and cancer, but Vinson, a dietitian said that their benefits ultimately depend on how they are absorbed and utilized in the body. The research says that coffee outranks popular antioxidant sources like tea, milk, chocolate and cranberries. Of all the foods and beverages studied, dates actually have the most antioxidants based solely on serving size, but since dates are not consumed anywhere near the level of coffee, the drink comes as the top source of antioxidants, Vinson said.

Besides keeping you alert and awake, coffee has been linked to an increasing number of potential health benefits, including protection against liver and colon cancer, type 2 diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease, according to some recently published studies. The researchers, however, advise that one should consume coffee in moderation, because it can make you jittery and cause stomach pains

(a) What do doctors advise us about the habit of drinking coffee?
 
(b) What are the two versions of coffee that are drunk in America?
 
(c) State any two benefits of antioxidants.
 
(d) What does Vinson say about the consumption of antioxidants?
 
(e) Name any two popular sources of antioxidants.
 
(f) How does coffee outrank dates in the level of antioxidants?
 
(g) Mention any two benefits of coffee.
 
(h) What do researchers warn us about the excessive use of coffee?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [1] Reading
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

Read the following passage carefully:

Gandhiji As a Fund Raiser

Gandhiji was an incurable and irrestible fund raiser. He found special relish in getting jewellery from women. Ranibala of Burdwan was ten years old. One day she was playing with Gandhiji. He explained to her that her bangles were too heavy for her delicate little wrists. She removed the bangles and gave them away to Gandhiji.

He used to talk jokingly to small girls and created distaste for ornaments and created a desire in them to part with the jewellery for the sake of the poor. He motivated them to donate their jewellery for social usage.

Kasturbai didn’t appreciate this habit of Gandhiji. Once she stated calmly, ‘You don’t wear jewels, it is easy for you to get around the boys. But what about our daughters-in-law ? They would surely want them.

“Well!” Gandhiji put in mildly, "our children are young and when they grow up they will not surely choose wives who are found of wearing jewellery.” Kasturbai was very upset with the answer.

Gandhiji was determined to keep the jewels to raise community fund. He was of the opinion that a public worker should accept no costly gifts. He believed that he should not own anything costly, whether given or earned. Kasturbai was a female with a desire to adorn. But Gandhiji moved towards renunciation and donated every penny earned in South Africa to the trustees for the service of South African Indians.

2.1 Answer the questions given below:

(a) How did Gandhiji create a distaste for jewellery in Ranibala?
 
(b) What was Kasturbai’s apprehension about their daughters-in-law?
 
(c) What solution did Gandhiji suggest for the problem posed by Kasturbai?
 
(d) How did Gandhiji serve the community?
 
2.2 Find meanings of the words given below from the options that follow:
 
(e) incurable (para 1)
(i) unreliable
(ii) untreatable
(iii) disagreeable
(iv) unbeatable
 
(f) motivated (para 2)
(i) encouraged
(ii) emboldened
(iii) incited
(iv) softened
 
(g) upset (para 4)
(i) puzzled
(ii) furious
(iii) confused
(iv) distressed
 
(h) renunciation (para 5)
(i) giving up
(ii) disagreement
(iii) opposition
(iv) termination
Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [1] Reading
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)

The following paragraph has not been edited. There is one error in each line against which a blank has been given. Write the error and the correction in your answer sheet against the correct blank number as given in the example. Remember to underline the word that you have supplied

 

Research is an detailed study of a

subject undertaking on a systematic

basis in order to increase a stock of

knowledge, including knowledge for man

culture and society, that the use of this stock

of knowledge to devise new applications

               Error     Correction
eg. an a ________
(a) _________ _________
(b) _________ _________
(c) _________ _________
(d) _________ _________
   
Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [2] Writing and Grammar
Concept: Grammar

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:

These meadows aren't worth much to me. They only come to five dessiatins, and are worth perhaps 300 roubles, but I can't stand unfairness. Say what you will, I can't stand unfairness.

(a) Who speaks the above lines and to whom?

(b) How much are the meadows worth?

(c) Find a word in the extract the means 'not based on what is just.'

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:

I even considered fleeing to my hometown, where I could have been a real lawyer right away, without going through this unpleasant training period

(a) Who is 'I'?

(b) How did 'I' suffer during the training period?

(c) What does the word, 'fleeing' mean?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

How did Valli react when she saw the dead cow by the roadside?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

What legends are associated with the origin of tea?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)

Why does Noodle tell Think-Tank about the books?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
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