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Question Paper Solutions - Physics 2012 - 2013-H.S.C-12th Board Exam Maharashtra State Board (MSBSHSE)


Marks: 70
[7]1 | Select and write the most appropriate answer from the given alternatives for each sub-question
[1]1.1

The moment of inertia of a thin uniform rod of mass M and length L, about an axis passing through a point, midway between the centre and one end, perpendicular to its length is .....

(a)`48/7ML^2`

(b)`7/48ML^2`

(c)`1/48ML^2`

(d)`1/16ML^2`

Chapter: [3] Angular Momentum
Concept: Physical Significance of M.I (Moment of Inertia)
[1]1.2

'n' droplets of equal size of radius r coalesce to form a bigger drop of radius R. The energy liberated is equal to...................

(T =Surface tension of water)

`(a) 4piR^2T[n^(1/3)-1]`

`(b) 4pir^2T[n^(1/3)-1]`

`(c) 4piR^2T[n^(2/3)-1]`

`(d)4 pir^2T[n^(2/3)-1]`

Chapter: [7.02] Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Concept: Surface Tension
[1]1.3

The buckling of a beam is found to be more if ___ .


(a) the breadth of the beam is large.

(b) the beam material has large value of Young's -modulus.

(c) the length of the beam is small.

(d) the depth of the beam is small.·

Chapter: [7] Properties of Bulk Matter
Concept: Hooke’s Law
[1]1.4

When a transverse wave on a string is reflected from the free end, the phase change produced is ..............

(a) zero rad

(b) ` pi/2 ` rad

(c) `(3pi)/4` rad

(d) `pi`  rad

Chapter: [10] Oscillations and Waves
Concept: Reflection of Transverse and Longitudinal Waves
[1]1.5

The number of degrees of freedom for a rigid diatomic molecule is.................

(a) 3

(b) 5

(c) 6

(d) 7

Chapter: [4] Oscillations
Concept: Projection of U.C.M.(Uniform Circular Motion) on Any Diameter
[1]1.6

Two particles perform linear simple. harmonic motion along the same path of length 2A and period T as shown in the graph below. The phase difference between them is..............

(a) `zero" "rad`

(b) `pi/4 rad`

(c)`pi/2 rad`

(d) `(3pi)/4 rad`

Chapter: [4] Oscillations
Concept: Differential Equation of Linear S.H.M.
[1]1.7

The light from the Sun is found to have a maximum intensity near the wavelength of 470 nm. Assuming the surface of the Sun as a black body, the temperature of the Sun is .................

[Wien's constant b = 2 .898 x l0- 3mK]

(a) 5800 K

(b) 6050 K

(c) 6166 K

(d) 6500 K

Chapter: [7] Thermal Properties of Matter
Concept: Temperature and Heat
[12]2 | Attempt any SIX :
[2]2.1

State Kepler's law of orbit and law of equal areas.

Chapter: [2] Gravitation
Concept: Kepler’S Laws
[2]2.2

A car of mass 1500Kg rounds a curve of radius 250m at 90 Km/hour. Calculate the centripetal force acting on it.

Chapter: [3] Laws of Motion
Concept: Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion - Centripetal Force
[2]2.3

Draw a neat labelled diagram for Ferry's perfectly black body.

Chapter: [9] Kinetic Theory of Gases and Radiation
Concept: Qualitative Ideas of Blackbody Radiation
[2]2.4

A mass M attached to a spring oscillates with a period of 2 seconds. If the mass is increased by 2 Kg, the period increases by 1 second. Find the initial mass, assuming
that Hooke's law is obeyed-

Chapter: [7] Properties of Bulk Matter
Concept: Hooke’s Law
[2]2.5

Differentiate between free and forced vibrations .

Chapter: [8] Stationary Waves
Concept: Free and Forced Vibrations
[2]2.6

The surface tension of water at 0ºc is 75·5 dyne/em. Find surface tension of water at 25°C. [α for water = 0·0021/°C]

Chapter: [7.02] Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Concept: Surface Tension
[2]2.7

Derive the relation between surface tension and surface energy per unit area.

Chapter: [7.02] Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Concept: Surface Tension
[2]2.8

A wheel of moment of inertia 1 Kgm 2 is rotating at a speed of 40 rad/s. Due to friction on the axis, the wheel comes to rest in 10 minutes. Calculate the angular momentum of the wheel, two minutes before it comes to rest.

Chapter: [3] Angular Momentum
Concept: Physical Significance of M.I (Moment of Inertia)
[9]3 | Attempt any THREE :
[3]3.1

A particle of mass m, just completes the vertical circular motion. Derive the expression for the difference in tensions at the highest and the lowest points.

Chapter: [3] Laws of Motion
Concept: Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion - Centripetal Force
[3]3.2

The Earth is rotating with angular velocity ro about its own axis. R is the radius of the Earth. If Rω2 = 0 · 03386 m/ s2 , calculate the weight of a body of mass 100 gram at attitude 25°.

(g=9·8m/s2).

Chapter: [1] Circular Motion
Concept: Angular Velocity
[3]3.3

Derive an expression for kinetic energy, when a rigid body is rolling on a horizontal surface without slipping.Hence tind kinetic energy for a solid sphere.

Chapter: [4] Oscillations
Concept: K.E.(Kinetic Energy) and P.E.(Potential Energy) in S.H.M.
[3]3.4

A steel wire-of diameter 1 x 10-3m is stretched by a force of 20 N. Calculate the strain energy per unit volume.(Y steel= 2 x 1011 N /m2)

Chapter: [5] Elasticity
Concept: Definition of Stress and Strain
[7]4 | Attempt any one of the following :
[7]4.1

Define an ideal simple pendulum.

Chapter: [10.01] Oscillations
Concept: Some Systems Executing Simple Harmonic Motion

Show that, under certain conditions, simple pendulum performs the linear simple harmonic motion.

Chapter: [10.01] Oscillations
Concept: Some Systems Executing Simple Harmonic Motion

A train blows a whistle of frequency 640 Hz in air. Find the difference in apparent frequencies of the whistle for a stationary observer, when the train moves towards and away from the observer with the speed of 72 Km!hour. [Speed of sound in air == 340 m/s.]

Chapter: [7] Wave Motion
Concept: Formation of Beats
[7]4.2

With a neat labelled diagram, show that all harmonics are present in an air column contained in a pipe open at both the ends. Define end correction.

Chapter: [8] Stationary Waves
Concept: Study of Vibrations of Air Columns

Calculate the kinetic energy of 10 gram of Argon molecules at 127°C.
[Universal gas constant R = 8320 J/k mole K. Atomic weight of Argon = 40]

Chapter: [4] Oscillations
Concept: Phase of K.E (Kinetic Energy)
[7]5 | Select and write the most appropriate answer from the given alternatives for each sub-question :
[1]5.1

In the diffraction pattern due to a single slit of width 'd' with incident light of wavelength 'λ', at an angle of  diffraction θ. the condition for first minimum is ....

(a)`lambda sin theta =d`

(b) `d costheta =lambda`

(c)`d sintheta=lambda`

(d) `lambda cos theta=d`

Chapter: [11] Interference and Diffraction
Concept: Fraunhofer Diffraction Due to a Single Slit
[1]5.2

Kirchhoff's junction law is equivalent to .............................
(a) conservation of energy.
(b) conservation of charge
(c) conservation of electric potential
(d) conservation of electric flux

Chapter: [2] Current Electricity
Concept: Kirchhoff’s Rules
[1]5.3

Let 'p'  and 'E' denote the linear momentum and energy of emitted photon respectively. If the wavelength of incident radiation is increased ___ .
(a) both p and E increase
(b) p increases and E decreases
(c) p decreases and E increases
(d) both p and E decrease.

Chapter: [9] Kinetic Theory of Gases and Radiation
Concept: Qualitative Ideas of Blackbody Radiation
[1]5.4

The nuclei having same number of protons but different number of neutrons are called ___ .
(a) isobars

(b) a-particles

(c) isotopes

(d) y-particles

Chapter: [8.01] Atoms
Concept: Hydrogen Spectrum
[1]5.5

In case of transistor oscillator, to obtain sustained oscillations, the product of voltage gain without feedback and feedback factor should be ....

(a) zero

(b) less than 1

(c) one  

(d) infinity

Chapter: [19] Semiconductors
Concept: Oscillators
[1]5.6

The process of regaining of information from carrier wave at the receiver is called .................

(a) modulation

(b) transmission

(c) propagation

(d) demodulation

Chapter: [20] Communication Systems
Concept: Need for Modulation and Demodulation
[1]5.7

Reactance of a coil is 157 Ω. On connecting the coil across a source of frequency 100 Hz, the current lags behind e.m.f. by 45°. The inductance of the coil is ...........

(a) 0·25 H

(b) 0·5 H

(c) 4 H

(d) 314H

Chapter: [4.02] Alternating Current
Concept: Reactance and Impedance
[12]6 | Attempt any SIX :
[2]6.1

Draw a neat labelled diagram of a parallel plate capacitor completely filled with dielectric.

Chapter: [12] Electrostatics
Concept: The Parallel Plate Capacitor
[2]6.2

A point is situated at 7cm and 7·2 cm from two coherent sources. Find the· nature of illumination at the point if wavelength of light is 4000A.

Chapter: [11] Interference and Diffraction
Concept: Fraunhofer Diffraction Due to a Single Slit
[2]6.3

Obtain the expression for current sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer.

Chapter: [3.01] Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept: Moving Coil Galvanometer
[2]6.4

In a cyclotron, magnetic field of 3·5Wb/m2 is used to accelerate protons. What should be the time interval in which the electric field between the Dees be reversed?
(Mass of proton = 1· 67 x 10-27Kg, Charge on proton =1·6x10-19c).

Chapter: [3.01] Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept: Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields - Cyclotron
[2]6.5

Define magnetization. State its formula and S.I. unit.

Chapter: [15] Magnetism
Concept: Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity
[2]6.6

Electrostatic energy of 3·5 x 10-4 J is stored in a capacitor at 700 V. What is the charge on the capacitor?

Chapter: [12] Electrostatics
Concept: Energy of Charged Condenser
[2]6.7

What is space wave propagation?

Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
Concept: Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves

State three components of space wave propagation.

Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
Concept: Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
[2]6.8

Find the value of energy of electron in eV in the third Bohr orbit of hydrogen atom.

(Rydberg's constant (R) = 1· 097 x 107m - 1,
Planck's constant (h) =6·63x10-34 J-s,
Velocity of light in air (c) = 3 x 108m/ s.)

Chapter: [17] Electrons and Photons
Concept: Einstein’s Equation - Particle Nature of Light
[9]7 | Attempt any THREE :
[3]7.1

With the help of neat labelled circuit diagram explain the working of half wave rectifier using semiconductor diode. Draw the input and output waveforms.

Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Concept: Semiconductor Diode
[3]7.2

A cell balances against a length of 200 cm on a potentiometer wire, when it is shunted by a resistance of 8Ω. The balancing length reduces by 40 cm, when it is shunted by a resistance of 4 Ω . Calculate the balancing length when the cell is in open circuit. Also calculate the internal resistance of the cell.

Chapter: [2] Current Electricity
Concept: Metre Bridge
[3]7.3

State the law of radioactive decay.

Chapter: [8.02] Nuclei
Concept: Radioactivity - Law of Radioactive Decay

Derive the mathematical expression for law of radioactive decay for a sample of a radioactive nucleus

Chapter: [8.02] Nuclei
Concept: Radioactivity - Law of Radioactive Decay
[3]7.4

The photoelectric work function for a metal is 4.2 eV. If  the stopping potential is 3V, find the threshold wavelength and maximum kinetic energy of emitted electrons. 

(Velocity of light in air = 3 x 108m/s,
Planck's constant = 6·63 x10-34 J -s,
Charg.e ori electron = 1·6 x 10 -19 C)

Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Concept: Photoelectric Effect - Hertz’S Observations
[7]8 | Attempt any one :
[7]8.1

State Faradays laws of electromagnetic induction.

Chapter: [4.01] Electromagnetic Induction
Concept: Faraday’s Law of Induction

State Lenz's Law.

Chapter: [16] Electromagnetic Inductions
Concept: Lenz’S Law and Conservation of Energy

A circular coil of 250 turns and diameter 18 cm carries a current of 12A. What is the magnitude of magnetic moment associated with the coil?

Chapter: [3.01] Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept: Moving Coil Galvanometer
[7]8.2

On the basis of Huygens' wave theory of light prove that velocity of light in a rarer medium is greater than velocity of light in a denser medium.

Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
Concept: Huygens Principle

In Young' s experiment the ratio of intensity at the maxima and minima . in the interference pattern is 36 : 16. What is the ratio of the widths of the two slits?

Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
Concept: Interference of Light Waves and Young’S Experiment
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