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Question Paper Solutions - Science 2015 - 2016 CBSE Class 10

SubjectScience
Year2015 - 2016 (March)

Alternate Sets

    

Marks: 90
[1]1

Write the name and structure of an aldehyde with four carbon atoms in its molecule.

Chapter: [1.04] Carbon Compounds
Concept: Versatile Nature of Carbon - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
[1]2

List two functions ovary of human female reproductive system.

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
[1]3

In a food chain of frog, grass, insect and snake, assign trophic level to frog.

Chapter: [5.03] Our Environment
Concept: Components of Eco System - Food Chains and Webs
[2]4

The refractive indices of glass and water with respect to air are 3/2 and 4/3 respectively. If speed of light in glass is 2 x 108 m/s, find the speed of light in water.

Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
Concept: Refraction of Light - Refractive Index
[2]5

List four stakeholders which may be helpful in the conservation of forests.

Chapter: [5.02] Management of Natural Resources
Concept: Natural Resources - Forests and Wild Life - Stakeholders
[2]6

The construction of large dams leads to social and environmental problems. List two problems of each category.

Chapter: [5.02] Management of Natural Resources
Concept: Natural Resources - Water for All - Dams
[3]7

The position of eight elements in the Modern Periodic Table is given below where atomic numbers of elements are given in the parenthesis.

Period No.    
2 Li(3) Be(4)
3 Na(11) Mg(12)
4 K(19) Ca(20)
5 Rb(37) Sr(38)

(i) Write the electronic configuration of Ca.

(ii) Predict the number of valence electrons in Rb.

(iii) What is the number of shells in Sr?

(iv) Predict whether K is a metal or a non – metal.

(v) Which one of these elements has the largest atom in size?

(vi) Arrange Be, Ca, Mg and Rb in the increasing order of the size of their respective atoms.

Chapter: [1.05] Periodic Classification of Elements
Concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
[3]8

Write three different chemical reactions showing the conversion of ethanoic acid to sodium ethanoate. Write balanced chemical equation in each case. Write the name of the reactants and the products other ethanoic acid and sodium ethanoate in each case.

Chapter: [1.04] Carbon Compounds
Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
[3]9

An element 'X' belong to 3rd period and group 13 of the Modern Periodic Table.

(a) Determine the valence electrons and the valency of 'X'.

(b) Molecular formula of the compound formed when 'X' reacts with an element 'Y' (atomic number = 8).

(c) Write the name and formula of the compound formed when 'X' combines with chlorine

Chapter: [1.05] Periodic Classification of Elements
Concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
[3]10

An element 'X' has mass number 35 and number of neutrons 18. Write atomic number and electronic configuration of 'X'. Also write group number, period number and valency of 'X'.

Chapter: [1.05] Periodic Classification of Elements
Concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
[3]11
[1]11.1

List two reasons for the appearance of variations among the progeny formed by sexual reproduction

Chapter: [2.04] Heredity and Evolution
Concept: Accumulation of Variation During Reproduction
[2]11.2

(i) Name the part marked 'A' in the diagram.

(ii) How dose 'A' reachese part 'B'?

(iii) State the importance of the part 'C'.

(iv) What happens to the part marked 'D' after fertilisation is over?

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
[3]12

Define reproduction.

Chapter: [2.03] Reproduction
Concept: Reproduction - Introduction

How does it help in providing stability to the population of species?

Chapter: [2.03] Reproduction
Concept: Reproduction - Introduction
[3]13

Explain the term “Regeneration” as used in relation to reproduction of organisms

Chapter: [2.03] Reproduction
Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Multicellular Organisms - Regeneration

Describe briefly how regeneration is carried out in multicellular organisms like Hydra.

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Budding
[3]14

“Two areas of study namely 'evolution' and 'classification' are interlinked'. Justify this statement.

Chapter: [2.04] Heredity and Evolution
Concept: Evolution and Classification - Tracing Evolutionary Relationships
[3]15

How do Mendel's experiment show that traits are inherited independently?

Chapter: [2.04] Heredity and Evolution
Concept: Rules for the Inheritance of Traits - Mendel’s Contributions
[3]16

The activities of man had adverse effects on all forms of living organisms in the biosphere. Unlimited exploitation of nature by man disturbed the delicate ecological balance between the living and non-living components of the biosphere. The unfavourable conditions created by man himself threatened the survival not only of himself but also of the entire living organisms on the mother earth. One of your classmates is an active member of 'Eco club' of your school which is creating environmental awareness amongst the school students, spreading the same in the society and also working hard for preventing environmental degradation of the surroundings

Why is it necessary to conserve our environment?

Chapter: [5.02] Management of Natural Resources
Concept: Natural Resources - Need to Manage Our Resources

The activities of man had adverse effects on all forms of living organisms in the biosphere. Unlimited exploitation of nature by man disturbed the delicate ecological balance between the living and non-living components of the biosphere. The unfavourable conditions created by man himself threatened the survival not only of himself but also of the entire living organisms on the mother earth. One of your classmates is an active member of 'Eco club' of your school which is creating environmental awareness amongst the school students, spreading the same in the society and also working hard for preventing environmental degradation of the surroundings.

State the importance of green and blue dust-bins in the safe disposal of the household waste

Chapter: [5.02] Management of Natural Resources
Concept: Natural Resources - Conservation and Judicious Use of Natural Resources

The activities of man had adverse effects on all forms of living organisms in the biosphere. Unlimited exploitation of nature by man disturbed the delicate ecological balance between the living and non-living components of the biosphere. The unfavourable conditions created by man himself threatened the survival not only of himself but also of the entire living organisms on the mother earth. One of your classmates is an active member of 'Eco club' of your school which is creating environmental awareness amongst the school students, spreading the same in the society and also working hard for preventing environmental degradation of the surroundings

List two values exhibited by your classmate who is an active member of Eco-club of your school.

Chapter: [5.02] Management of Natural Resources
Concept: Natural Resources - Conservation and Judicious Use of Natural Resources
[3]17

The image formed by a spherical mirror is real, inverted and is of magnification -2. If the image is at a distance of 30 cm from the mirror, where is the object placed? Find the focal length of the mirror. List two characteristics of the image formed if the object is moved 10 cm towards the mirror.

Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
Concept: Lens Formula and Magnification
[3]18

Describe an activity to show that colours of white light splitted by a glass prism can be recombined to get white light by another identical glass prism. Also draw ray diagram to show the recombination of the spectrum of white light.

Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
Concept: Dispersion by a Prism
[5]19

It is desired to obtain an erect image of an object, using concave mirror of focal length of 12 cm.

What should be the range of distance of an object placed in front of the mirror?

Chapter: [6] Wonders of Light 1
Concept: Reflection of Light - Image Formation by Spherical Mirrors - Concave Mirror

It is desired to obtain an erect image of an object, using concave mirror of focal length of 12 cm.

Will the image be smaller or larger than the object? Draw ray diagram to show the formation of image in this case.

Chapter: [6] Wonders of Light 1
Concept: Representation of Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors Using Ray Diagrams - Concave Mirror

It is desired to obtain an erect image of an object, using concave mirror of focal length of 12 cm.

Where will the image of this object be, if it is placed 24 cm in front of the mirror? Draw ray diagram for this situation also justify your answer. Show the positions of pole, principal focus and the centre of curvature in the above ray diagrams

Chapter: [6] Wonders of Light 1
Concept: Representation of Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors Using Ray Diagrams - Concave Mirror
[5]20

Define evolution. How does it occur?

Chapter: [2.04] Heredity and Evolution
Concept: Basic Concepts of Evolution

Describe how fossils provide us evidences in support of evolution.

Chapter: [2.04] Heredity and Evolution
Concept: Evolution and Classification - Fossils
[5]21

What is placenta?

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings

Describe placenta structure.

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings

State its functions in case of a pregnant human female.

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
[5]22

A carbon compound 'P' on heating with excess conc. H2SO4 forms another carbon compound 'Q' which on addition of hydrogen in the presence of nickel catalyst forms a saturated carbon compound 'R'. One molecule of 'R' on combustion forms two molecules of carbon dioxide and three molecules of water. Identify P, Q and R and write chemical equations for the reactions involved

Chapter: [2] Amazing World of Carbon Compounds
Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanol
[5]23

What is atmospheric refraction? Use this phenomenon to explain the following natural events:

Twinkling of stars

Draw diagrams to illustrate your answers.

Chapter: [7] Wonders of Light 2
Concept: Atmospheric Refraction

What is atmospheric refraction? Use this phenomenon to explain the following natural events:

Advanced sun-rise and delayed sun-set.

Draw diagrams to illustrate your answers.

Chapter: [7] Wonders of Light 2
Concept: Atmospheric Refraction
[5]24
[1]24.1

Define focal length of a divergent lens.

Chapter: [6] Wonders of Light 1
Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction by Spherical Lenses
[2]24.2

A divergent lens of focal length 30 cm forms the image of an object of size 6 cm on the same side as the object at a distance of 15 cm from its optical centre. Use lens formula to determine the distance of the object from the lens and the size of the image formed.

Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
Concept: Lens Formula and Magnification
[2]24.3

Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image in the above situation

Chapter: [2] Light
Concept: Refraction of Light - Image Formation in Lenses Using Ray Diagrams - Convex Lens
[1]25

A student while observing an embryo of a pea seed in the laboratory listed various parts of the embryo as given below:

Testa, Tegmen, Radicle, Plumule, Micropyle, Cotyledon.

On examining the list the teacher remarked that only three parts are correct. Select three correct parts from the above list:

(a) Testa, Radicle, Cotyleddon

(b) Tegmen, Radicle, Micropyle

(c) Cotyledon, Plumule, Testa

(d) Radicle, Cotyledon, Plumule

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
[1]26

If you are asked to select a group of two vegetables, out of the following, having homologous structures which one would you select?

(a) Carrot and radish

(b) Potato and sweet potato

(c) Potato and tomato

(d) Lady finger and potato

Chapter: [2.04] Heredity and Evolution
Concept: Evolution and Classification - Tracing Evolutionary Relationships
[1]27

In the following ray diagram the correctly marked angle are:

(a) ∠i and ∠e

(b)  ∠A and ∠D

(c) ∠i, ∠e and ∠D

(d) ∠r, ∠A and ∠D

Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
Concept: Dispersion by a Prism
[1]28

In your laboratory you trace the path of light rays through a glass slab for different values of angle of incidence (∠i) and in each case measure the values of the corresponding angle of refraction (∠r) and angle of emergence (∠e). On the basis of your observations your correct conclusion is:

(a) ∠i is more than ∠r, but nearly equal to ∠e

(b) ∠i is less then ∠r, but nearly equal to ∠e

(c) ∠i is more than ∠e, but nearly equal to ∠r

(d) ∠i is less than ∠e, but nearly equal to ∠r

Chapter: [7] Wonders of Light 2
Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
[1]29

To determine the approximate value of the focal length of a given concave mirror, you focus the image of a distant object formed by the mirror on a screen. The image obtained on the serene, as compared to the object is always:

(a) Laterally inverted and diminished

(b) Inverted and diminished

(c) Erect and diminished

(d) Erect and highly diminished

Chapter: [6] Wonders of Light 1
Concept: Reflection of Light - Image Formation by Spherical Mirrors - Concave Mirror
[1]30

Suppose you have focused on a screen the image of candle flame placed at the farthest end of the laboratory table using a convex lens. If your teacher suggests you to focus the parallel rays of the sun, reaching your laboratory table, on the same screen, what you are expected to do is to move the:

(a) lens slightly towards the screen

(b) lens slightly away from the screen

(c) lens slightly towards the sun

(d) lens and screen both towards the sun

 

Chapter: [6] Wonders of Light 1
Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction by Spherical Lenses
[1]31

For preparing soap in the laboratory we require an oil and a base. Which of the following combinations of an oil and a base would be best suited for the preparation of soap?

(a) Castor oil and calcium hydroxide

(b) Turpentine oil and sodium hydroxide

(c) Castor oil and sodium hydroxide

(d) Mustard oil and calcium hydroxide

Chapter: [1.04] Carbon Compounds
Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
[1]32

A student puts a drop of reaction mixture of a saponification reaction first a blue litmus paper and then on a red litmus paper. He may observe that:

(a) There is no change in the blue litmus paper and the red litmus paper turns white.

(b) There is no change in the red litmus paper and the blue litmus paper turns red.

(c) There is no change in the blue litmus paper and the red litmus paper turns blue.

(d) No change in colour is observed in both the litmus papers

Chapter: [1.04] Carbon Compounds
Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
[1]33

In the neighbourhood of your school, hard water required for an experiment is not available. Select from the following group of salts available in your school, a group each member of which, if dissolved in distilled water, will make it hard:

(a) Sodium chloride, calcium chloride

(b) Potassium chloride, sodium chloride

(c) Sodium chloride, magnesium chloride

(d) Calcium chloride, magnesium chloride

Chapter: [1.04] Carbon Compounds
Concept: Soaps and Detergents
[2]34

A student is observing a permanent slide showing sequentially the different stages of asexual reproduction taking place in yeast. Name this process and draw diagrams, of what he observes, in a proper sequence.

Chapter: [5] The Life Cycle
Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Budding
[2]35

An object of height 2.5 cm is placed at a distance of 15 cm from the optical centre 'O' of a convex lens of focal length 10 cm. Draw a ray diagram to find the position and size of the image formed. Mark optical 'O', principal focus F and height of the image on the diagram.

Chapter: [2] Light
Concept: Refraction of Light - Image Formation in Lenses Using Ray Diagrams - Convex Lens
[2]36

A student adds a spoon full of powdered sodium hydrogen carbonate to a flask containing ethanoic acid. List two main observations, he must note in his note book, about the reaction that takes place. Also write chemical equation foe the reaction.

Chapter: [1.04] Carbon Compounds
Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
S