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Question Paper Solutions - Political Science 2014 - 2015-CBSE 12th-Class 12 CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)

SubjectPolitical Science
Year2014 - 2015 (March)

Marks: 100
[1]1

How did the U.S. respond to the 9/11 attacks?

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Growth of Unilateralism - Afghanistan, First Gulf War, Response to 9/11 and Attack on Iraq
[1]2

Highlight any one major distinction between the Soviet economy and the Capitalist economy.

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: Introduction of Democratic Politics and Capitalism in Post-communist Regimes
[1]3

How far do you agree that the proclamation of emergency weakened the federal distribution of power in India?

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
[1]4

Justify that “Regionalism is not as dangerous as Communalism”.

Chapter: [2.08] Regional Aspirations
Concept: Rise of Regional Parties
[1]5

Why do some people feel that Article 370 should be revoked?

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
[2]6

Mention any two benefits of globalisation.

Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
Concept: Introduction of Globalisation
[2]7

Suggest any two measures to have good relations with Pakistan.

Chapter: [1.05] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
Concept: India'S Relations with Its Neighbours
[2]8

Which characteristics made the Congress an ideological coalition during the freedom movement of India?

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: Coalitional Nature of Congress
[2]9

Identify the most important outcome of the Rio Summit.

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[2]10

How was the U.S. benefited by the Soviet disintegration?

Chapter: [9] End of Cold War and Its Impact on the World Order
Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
[4]11

Mention any two main demands of the Bharatiya Kisan Union in 1980s.

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Farmer'S Movements
[4]12

State any two differences between the First Five Year Plan and the Second Five Year Plan.

Chapter: [2.03] Politics of Planned Development
Concept: Five Year Plans
[4]13

Explain the circumstances that forced the Tibetans to leave China. Highlight India's role in helping the Tibetan refugees.

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
[4]14

Distinguish between the internal and external notion of traditional security.

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[4]15

In what way do the coalition governments prove to be more democratic than the oneparty governments?

Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Concept: Coalition Governments - NDA (1998 - 2004) UPA (2004 - 2014) NDA (2014 Onwards)
[4]16

"Democracy is becoming the first choice of the people of South Asia." Justify the statement.

Chapter: [1.05] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
Concept: Democracy in Bangladesh
[5]17

Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions:

Above all, the linguistic states underlined the acceptance of the principle of diversity. When we say that India adopted democracy, it does not simply mean that India embraced a democratic constitution, nor does it merely mean that India adopted the format of elections. The choice was larger than that. It was a choice in favour of recognising and accepting the existence of differences which could at times be oppositional. Democracy, in other words, was associated with plurality of ideas and ways of life.

  1. What is meant by 'linguistic states'?
  2. Why were linguistic states formed in India? Explain any two reasons.
  3. How is democracy in India associated with plurality of ideas and ways of life?
Chapter: [2.08] Regional Aspirations
Concept: Rise of Regional Parties
[5]18

Read the above passage carefully and answer the following questions:

The Naxalite Movement has used force to snatch land from the rich landowners and give it to the poor and the landless. Its supporters advocated the use of violent means to achieve their political goals. In spite of the use of preventive detention and other strong measures adopted by the West Bengal government..., the Naxalite Movement did not come to an end. In later years, it spread to many other parts of the country.

  1. Why did Naxalite prefer to use violence?
  2. Assess the positive role of the Naxalite Movement in spite of using violence?
  3. Suggest any two measures to contain this movement.
Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[5]19

Read the given passage carefully and answer the following questions:

Non-alignment as a strategy evolved in the Cold War context.... with the disintegration of USSR and the end of Cold War in 1991, non-alignment, both, as an international movement and as the core of India's foreign policy, lost some of its earlier relevance and effectiveness.

  1. Why did India adopt non-alignment?
  2. Explain any two reasons for the loss of its relevance by the Nan Aligned Movement
  3. How far do you agree that the Non-Aligned Movement has become an international movement?
Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
[5]20

Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the following questions:

i. The given cartoon is related to which country?

ii. Which two symbols in this cartoon helped in identifying the country?

iii. What message does this cartoon convey to the world?

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
[5]21

In the given outline map of India, five states have been marked as (A), (B), (D) and (E). Identify them on the basis of the information given below and write their correct names in your answer book with their respective serial number of the information used and the alphabet concerned.

  1. The State which was carved out of Madhya Pradesh.
  2. The State which opposed its merger with India after independence.
  3. The first State of free India having a Communist government.
  4. The State adjoining Pakistan territory up to 1971.
  5. The State which became agriculturally prosperous due to Green Revolution.

Chapter: [2.03] Politics of Planned Development
Concept: Green Revolution and Its Political Fallouts
[6]22 | Attempt any ONE
[6]22.1

Describe any three steps taken by the Indian Government to check the environmental degradation.

Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
Concept: India'S Stand in Global Environmental Debates
[6]22.2

Describe any three effects of globalisation on the culture of a country.

Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
Concept: Economic, Cultural and Political Manifestations
[6]23 | Attempt any ONE
[6]23.1

Which three major developments took place in Indian politics during the last decade of the 20th century? Describe.

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[6]23.2

Briefly describe the story of Sikkim from the time of India's independence to its merger with India.

Chapter: [2.08] Regional Aspirations
Concept: Challenges and Responses in the North East
[6]24 | Attempt any ONE
[6]24.1

Examine the major issues which led to the split of Congress part in 1969.

Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Congress Split and Reconstitution
[6]24.2

Explain the circumstances that led to the mid-term elections in 1980.

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: 1977 Elections and the Format on of Janata Party
[6]25 | Attempt any ONE
[6]25.1

Suppose there had been no Cold War, how would that situation have affected India's foreign policy.

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: Nehru'S Foreign Policy
[6]25.2

If the Soviet Union had not disintegrated and the world had remained bipolar, how would that situation have affected the world politics?

Chapter: [9] End of Cold War and Its Impact on the World Order
Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
[6]26 | Attempt any ONE
[6]26.1

Give any three suitable arguments to support India's candidature for the permanent membership of the U.N. Security Council.

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[6]26.2

How are the threats faced by the people in the Third World different from those faced by the people living in the First World? Support your answer with examples.

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Emergence of Two Power Blocs After the Second World War
[6]27 | Attempt any ONE
[6]27.1

Analyse the political impact of hegemony of the U.S. on the world.

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Dominance and Challenge to the Us in Economy and Ideology
[6]27.2

Analyse any three factors responsible for the European Union to be a highly influential regional organisation.

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
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