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Question Paper Solutions - Political Science 2013 - 2014-CBSE 12th-Class 12 CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)

SubjectPolitical Science
Year2013 - 2014 (March)

Marks: 100
[1]1

Why was Operation desert storm fought against Iraq?

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Growth of Unilateralism - Afghanistan, First Gulf War, Response to 9/11 and Attack on Iraq
[1]2

What is the full form of “SAARC”?

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: What is Soviet System
[1]3

State any one important objective of the United Nation.

Chapter: [1.06] International Organizations
Concept: Restructuring and the Future of the UN
[1]4

What is the meant by ‘disarmament’?

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[1]5

Mention the main recommendation of the state reorganization Commission of 1953.

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Organisation and Reorganization of States
[1]6

Who was the founder of Bhartiya Jana Sangh?

Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Political Succession After Nehru
[1]7

Which two political parties were the major partners in the ruling alliance after the 1971 General Election to the Lok Sabha.

Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Concept: Rise of the JD and the BJP
[1]8

Name the political party which came to power at the Centre in 1977.

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: 1977 Elections and the Format on of Janata Party
[1]9

Mention any two main demands of the Bharatiya Kisan Union in 1980s.

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Farmer'S Movements
[1]10

Name the two alliances/fronts that formed the Government at the Centre in 1989 and 1996 respectively.

Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Concept: Increasing Role of Regional Parties and Coalition Politics
[2]11

Name any two foreign leaders, along with the countries they belonged to, who are recognized as the founders of the Non-aligned Movement.

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
[2]12

What is meant of shock therapy?

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: Shock Therapy and Its Consequenes
[2]13

Trace the evolution process of the European Union.

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
[2]14

Mention any two functions of the World Bank?

Chapter: [1.06] International Organizations
Concept: Restructuring and the Future of the UN
[2]15

Highlight any two threats to a country’s security as per the traditional notion of security.

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[2]16

Identity any two consequences of the partition of India 1947.

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
[2]17

Differentiate between the capitalist and the socialist models of development.

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: Introduction of Democratic Politics and Capitalism in Post-communist Regimes
[2]18

Highlight the contribution made by Jawaharlal Nehru to the foreign policy of India.

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: Nehru'S Foreign Policy
[2]19

What does the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Articles 370 mean?

Chapter: [2.08] Regional Aspirations
Concept: The Kashmir Situation
[2]20

How does party-based movement differ from non-party movement?

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Implementation of Mandal Commission Report and Its Aftermath
[4]21

Why did the superpowers need smaller states as their allies? Explain any four reasons.

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: Introduction of Democratic Politics and Capitalism in Post-communist Regimes
[4]22

Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the following questions:

i. The given cartoon is related to which country?

ii. Which two symbols in this cartoon helped in identifying the country?

iii. What message does this cartoon convey to the world?

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
[4]23

Explain the hegemony of the United States of America as structural power.

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Introduction of US Hegemony in World Politics
[4]24

Explain any four causes of ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka.

Chapter: [1.05] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
Concept: Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka
[4]25

Explain any four components of India’s security strategy.

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[4]26

What is globalization? Highlight any three causes of globalization.

Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
Concept: Introduction of Globalisation
[4]27

Describe the organization of the Congress party as a social and ideological coalition.

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: Coalitional Nature of Congress
[4]28

Explain India's nuclear policy.

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: India'S Nuclear Programme
[4]29

Evaluate the consequences of declaration of emergency in 1975.

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
[4]30

In the given political map of India, four places are marked as A, B, C and D. Identify them with the help of information given below and write their correct names in the answer-book along with their serial numbers and the alphabets concerned:

i. The State related to Chipko Movement.

ii. The State where a special opinion poll was held asking people to decide if they wanted to merge with Maharashtra or remain separate.

iii. The State out of which the States of Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh were created.

iv. The State related to Narmada Sagar project.

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[6]31 | Attempt any one
[6]31.1

Examine any six consequences of the disintegration of USSR.

Chapter: [9] End of Cold War and Its Impact on the World Order
Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
[6]31.2

‘Non-aligned Movement (NAM) has become irrelevant today'. Do you agree with the statement? Support your answer with any three suitable arguments.

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
[6]32 | Attempt any one
[6]32.1

Analyse India’s stand on any three environmental issues.

Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
Concept: India'S Stand in Global Environmental Debates
[6]32.2

Assess any three basis on which globalisation is being resisted in India.

Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
Concept: Introduction of Globalisation
[6]33 | Attempt any one
[6]33.1

Explain any three reasons for the dominance of Congress Party in the first three general elections in India.

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: Nature of Congress Dominance at the National Level
[6]33.2

How did the reorganization of States take place in India after its independence? Explain.

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Organisation and Reorganization of States
[6]34 | Attempt any one
[6]34.1

Examine any six reasons for the imposition of emergency in India in 1975.

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
[6]34.2

Examine the major issues which led to the split of Congress part in 1969.

Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Congress Split and Reconstitution
[6]35 | Attempt any one
[6]35.1

Study the passage the given below and answer the following questions that follow:

Sardar Sarovar project is a multipurpose mega-scale dam. It required relocation of around two and a half lakh people from the villages. Issues of relocation and proper rehabilitations of the project-affected people were first raised by the local activist group. It was around 1988-89 that the issues crystallized under the banner of the NBAa loose collector of local voluntary organization.

Question:

i. Why is the Sardar Sarovar Project mentioned as multipurpose mega-scale dam?

ii. Why was it opposed by the villagers?

iii. Name the organizations which led the movement against this project

iv. What was the main demand of the local activist group?

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[6]35.2

Study the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

India adopted a democratic approach to the question of diversity. Democracy allows the political expressions of regional aspirations and does not look upon them as antinational. Besides, democratic politics allows parties and groups to address the people on the basis of their regional identity, aspiration and specific regional problems.

Question:

i. Which type of diversity exists in India?

ii. Name any two political parties that represent regional identity.

iii. Mention any one movement that expresses regional aspiration.

iv. How does democracy treat the regional issues and problem?

Chapter: [2.03] Politics of Planned Development
Concept: Five Year Plans
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