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Question Paper Solutions - Political Science 2011 - 2012-CBSE 12th-Class 12 CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)

SubjectPolitical Science
Year2011 - 2012 (March)

Marks: 100
[1]1

The South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) was signed by the members of __________ in the year____________.

Chapter: [1.05] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
Concept: Conflicts and Efforts for Peace in South Asia
[1]2

What is meant by ASEAN way?

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
[1]3 | Correct the and rewrite the following statement :

USSR/Russia used veto power 92 times till 2006.

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: New Entities in World Politics: Russia, Balkan States and Central Asian States
[1]4

How is balance of power a component of traditional security?

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[1]5

In which year was the First General Election held in India?

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: First Three General Elections
[1]6

What was the main objective of the second five year plan?

Chapter: [2.03] Politics of Planned Development
Concept: Five Year Plans
[1]7

What is meant by defection?

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
[1]8

The results of which elections were called ‘Political Earthquake’?

Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Non-congressism and Electoral Upset of 1967
[1]9

What was Chipko movement?

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[1]10

Whose mediation resolved the ‘Indus River Waters Dispute’ between India and Pakistan?

Chapter: [1.05] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
Concept: India'S Relations with Its Neighbours
[2]11

Mention any two characteristics of the Soviet economy during the cold war days.

Chapter: [9] End of Cold War and Its Impact on the World Order
Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
[2]12

Mention the duration of the First and the Second World Wars.

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Emergence of Two Power Blocs After the Second World War
[2]13

Write the four forms of power which reflect the U. S. Hegemony.

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Introduction of US Hegemony in World Politics
[2]14

What was ‘Operation Enduring Freedom’?

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Growth of Unilateralism - Afghanistan, First Gulf War, Response to 9/11 and Attack on Iraq
[2]15

Define Geo-politics.

Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
Concept: Conflicts Over Traditional and Common Property Resources
[2]16

Name the original states from which the following states were carved out:-

i. Meghalaya

ii. Gujarat

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: Navnirman Movement in Gujarat and the Bihar Movement
[2]17

Explain the role played by Sardar Patel in the integration of Princely States into the Indian Union.

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Organisation and Reorganization of States
[2]18

When and why did India sign the twenty-year ‘Treaty of peace and friendship’ with the Soviet Union?

Chapter: [1.05] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
Concept: India'S Relations with Its Neighbours
[2]19

Which action of the Government of India threatened the fish workers' lives in a major way? Which organisation did they form at the national level?

Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
Concept: Rights of Indigenous People
[2]20

Political equations in coalition governments are unstable. How was this concept reflected in the formation of National Front Government in 1989 and United Front Government in 1996?

Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Concept: Coalition Governments - NDA (1998 - 2004) UPA (2004 - 2014) NDA (2014 Onwards)
[4]21

Explain the ‘Cuban Missile Crisis’.

Chapter: [9] End of Cold War and Its Impact on the World Order
Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
[4]22

Describe any two major constraints of the U. S. Hegemony.

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Dominance and Challenge to the Us in Economy and Ideology
[4]23

Name one country each from the continents of America, Africa, Asia and Europe, wherein the U. N. 'Peacekeeping Operations' were administered.

Chapter: [1.06] International Organizations
Concept: Restructuring and the Future of the UN
[4]24

How is global poverty a source of insecurity? Explain.

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Non-traditional Or Human Security - Global Poverty, Health and Education
[4]25

'Let the polluters pay'. Support this statement with any two suitable arguments.

Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
Concept: Environment Movement and Evolution of Global Environmental Norms
[4]26

"Globalisation has shifted power from nation-states to global consumers." Justify the statement.

Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
Concept: Introduction of Globalisation
[4]27 | Match the following:
  Column 'A'   Column 'B'
a Acharya Narendra Dev 1 Bharatiya Jana Sangh
b A. K. Gopalan 2 Indian National Congress
c Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 3 Praja Socialist Party
d Deen Dayal Upadhyaya 4 Communist Party of India (M)
Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Congress Victory in 1971 Elections
[4]28

Explain any two features India's nuclear policy

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: India'S Nuclear Programme
[4]29

"1960s were labelled as the 'dangerous decade'." Explain with the help of any four arguments.

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Issues of Human Rights and Migration
[4]30

What was the main outcome of the Rajiv Gandhi -Longowal Accord in July 1985?

Chapter: [2.08] Regional Aspirations
Concept: Punjab Crisis and the Anti Sikh Riots of 1984
[6]31 | Attempt any ONE
[6]31.1

What is the relevance of the Non-aligned Movement after the end of Cold War? Explain.

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
[6]31.2

Analyse India’s changing relationship with post-Communist Russia.

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: India'S Relations with Russia and Other Post-communist Countries
[6]32 | Attempt any ONE
[6]32.1

Why the European Union is considered a highly influential regional organisation in the economic, political and military fields?

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
[6]32.2

No region exists in a vacuum. It is influenced by outside powers and events no matter how much it may try to insulate itself from non-regional powers. China and the United States remain key players in South Asian politics. Sino-Indian relations have improved significantly in the last ten years, but China's strategic partnership with Pakistan remains a major irritant. The demands of development and globalisation have brought the two Asian giants closer, and their economic ties have multiplied rapidly since 1991.

Study the paragraph given above carefully and answer the following questions:-

i) Which two countries have been referred to as 'outside powers’?

ii) Which are the two Asian giants and why have they been called so?

iii) China's strategic partnership with Pakistan is a major irritant for which country and why?

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: India'S Nuclear Programme
[6]33 | Attempt any ONE
[6]33.1

“How was 'one party dominance' in India different from the 'one party system' of Mexico? In your opinion, which of the two political systems is better and why?

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: Introduction of Era of One-party Dominance
[6]33.2

Explain the main arguments in the debate that ensured between industrialisation and agricultural development at the time of Second five year plan.

Chapter: [2.03] Politics of Planned Development
Concept: Five Year Plans
[6]34 | Attempt any ONE
[6]34.1

What was Narmada Bachao Andolan? What were its main issues? What democratic strategy did it use to put forward its demands?

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[6]34.2

In the midst of severe competition and many conflicts in 1989, a consensus appeared to have emerged among most parties. Explain any three points of consensus.

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Political Conflicts Overlanguage
[6]35 | Attempt any ONE
[6]35.1

Describe any three weaknesses and any three points of strength of India's democracy that came to light during the Emergency of 1975.

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
[6]35.2

In the given political outline map of India, six states have been indicated by A,B,C,D,E and F. Identify them with the help of the information given below and write their correct names in your answer book along with their respective Serial No. and the alphabet concerned as per the following table:-

Sr. No. Alphabet Name of the State
     
     
     

i. Two states where the Congress party got majority and formed the government.

ii. Two states where the breakaway Congress legislators played an important role in installing non-congress governments.

iii. A states where Congress party did not get majority but formed the government with the help of other parties

iv. The state where 'Popular United Front' came into power.

Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Non-congressism and Electoral Upset of 1967
S