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Question Paper Solutions - Political Science 2010 - 2011-CBSE 12th-Class 12 CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)

SubjectPolitical Science
Year2010 - 2011 (March)

Marks: 100
[1]1

"Non-alignment does not imply neutrality or equidistance." What does this statement mean?

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
[1]2

What is the new name of former USSR?

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: New Entities in World Politics: Russia, Balkan States and Central Asian States
[1]3

What is the main function of Amnesty International?

Chapter: [1.06] International Organizations
Concept: Rise of New International Actors - New International Economic Organisations, Ngos
[1]4

What is human security?

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Non-traditional Or Human Security - Global Poverty, Health and Education
[1]5

Differentiate between 'one party dominance' and 'one party system'

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: Nature of Congress Dominance at the National Level
[1]6

What were the election symbols of the Congress Party and Bhartiya Janasangh in the first general election of 1952?

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: First Three General Elections
[1]7

Differentiate between 'regionalism' and 'separatism'

Chapter: [2.08] Regional Aspirations
Concept: Rise of Regional Parties
[1]8

What was Chipko movement?

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[1]9

How far is it correct to say that India is a world power?

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: India'S Changing Relations with China
[1]10

Which two diametrically opposite political groups supported the National Front Government in 1989?

Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Concept: Rise of the JD and the BJP
[2]11

What was the main objective of the New International Economic Order?

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
[2]12

Mention any four names of the countries belonging to the SAARC

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: What is Soviet System
[2]13

How many member countries have got Veto power in the U.N. Security Council and why?

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[2]14

What is meant by non-traditional notions of security?

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Non-traditional Or Human Security - Global Poverty, Health and Education
[2]15

Define Geo-politics.

Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
Concept: Conflicts Over Traditional and Common Property Resources
[2]16

What was meant by Princely States? How many Princely States were there in India at the time of independence?

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Organisation and Reorganization of States
[2]17

Differentiate between Modernization and Westernization as developmental goals

Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
[2]18

Why has India refused to sign the C.T.B.T.?

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: India'S Nuclear Programme
[2]19

How did the Congress Party succeed in maintaining its dominance till 1967?

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: Nature of Congress Dominance at the National Level
[2]20

Give any two arguments in favour of reservation for the SCs, STs and Ks in higher education institutions in India

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Non-traditional Or Human Security - Global Poverty, Health and Education
[4]21

Describe any four consequences of the disintegration of Soviet Union

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
[4]22

How far is it correct to say that the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Centre as the attack on the US hegemony? Explain?

Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
Concept: Growth of Unilateralism - Afghanistan, First Gulf War, Response to 9/11 and Attack on Iraq
[4]23

What were the objectives behind the formation of the ASEAN in 1967?

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
[4]24

Explain any four components of India’s security strategy.

Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
[4]25

Define globalisation. How is it different from internationalisation?

Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
Concept: Introduction of Globalisation
[4]26

Explain India's stand on environmental issues

Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
Concept: India'S Stand in Global Environmental Debates
[4]27

Briefly explain the role of opposition parties in India.

Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
Concept: Major Opposition Parties
[4]28

'Foreign policy is always dictated by national interests." Do you agree with this view? Support your answer with any two suitable arguments.

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: Nehru'S Foreign Policy
[4]29

Examine the factors which helped in the restoration of the Congress Party after its split in 1969.

Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Congress Split and Reconstitution
[4]30

What is alliance politics? How has it influenced the Indian politics?

Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
Concept: Shifting Alliance in World Politics
[6]31 | Attempt any one
[6]31.1

What led to the emergence of a bipolar world? What were the arenas of Cold War between the two power blocks?

Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
Concept: Arenas of the Cold War
[6]31.2

Analyse India’s changing relationship with post-Communist Russia.

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: India'S Relations with Russia and Other Post-communist Countries
[6]32 | Attempt Any One
[6]32.1

“Like India, why could democracy not take roots in Pakistan despite the fact that both the countries share a common past?

Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
Concept: Introduction of Democratic Politics and Capitalism in Post-communist Regimes
[6]32.2

What are the major differences between the SAARC and the European Union as alternative centres of power?

Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
[6]33 | Attempt Any One
[6]33.1

What were the major challenges of building democracy in India?

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
[6]33.2

What were the early initiatives taken by the Planning Commission for building new India?

Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
Concept: Organisation and Reorganization of States
[6]34 | Attempt Any One
[6]34.1

Examine the major issues which led to the split of Congress part in 1969.

Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
Concept: Congress Split and Reconstitution
[6]34.2

What were the major conflicts between the Parliament and the Judiciary during the leadership of Indira Gandhi?

Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
[6]35 | Attempt Any One
[6]35.1

Explain any three elements of consensus which have emerged among most political parties after the Lok Sabha elections of 2004

Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Concept: Increasing Role of Regional Parties and Coalition Politics
[6]35.2

Study the given political outline map of north-East India in which six states have been marked as A, B, C, D, E and F. Identify these states with the help of information provided below and write their names along with their respective letters i.e. A, B, C, D, E, and F in your answer book.

i. Two states which were not part of the state of Assam were at the time of India’s independence.

ii. The state whose leader signed an agreement with Rajiv Gandhi in 1986.

iii. The state which declared independence from India in 1951.

iv. The state which was carved out of Assam in 1972.

v. The 22nd state of India due to its merger.

Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
Concept: Economic, Cultural and Political Manifestations
S