A garden pea plant (A) produced inflated yellow pod, and another plant (B) of the same species produced constricted green pods. Identify the dominant traits.
Name the following:
(a) The semi-dwarf variety of wheat is high-yielding and disease-resistant.
(b) Any one inter-specific hybrid mammal.
Write the similarity between the wing of a butterfly and the wing of a bat. What do you infer from the above with reference to evolution?
(a) Highlight the role of thymus as a lymphoid organ.
(b) Name the cells that are released from the above mentioned gland. Mention how they help in immunity.
Some organisms suspend their metabolic activities to survive in unfavourable conditions. Explain with the help of any four examples.
State the role of DNA ligase in biotechnology.
What happens when Meloidegyne incognitia consumes cells with RNAi gene?
Draw a schematic diagram of a part of double stranded dinucleotide DNA chain having all the four nitrogenous bases and showing the correct polarity.
Name of parasite the causes filariasis in humans. Mention its two diagnostic symptoms. How is this transmitted to others?
How do mycorrhizae act as biofertilizers? Explain. Name a genus of fungi that forms a mycorrhizal association with plants.
State the difference between meiocyte and gamete with respect to chromosome number.
Why is a whiptail lizard referred to as parthenogenetic?
Where is sporopollenin present in plants? State its significance with reference to its chemical nature.
(a) Name the enzyme responsible for the transcription of tRNA and the amino acid the initiator tRNA gets linked with.
(b) Explain the role of initiator tRNA in initiation of protein synthesis.
Name the two different categories of microbes naturally occurring in sewage water. Explain their role in cleaning sewage water into usable water.
Write the function of each one of the following:
(a) (Oviducal) Fimbriae
Name the genes responsible for making Bt cotton plants resistant to bollworm attack. How do such plants attain resistance against bollworm attacks? Explain.
Study a part of the life cycle of malarial parasite given below. Answer the questions that follow:
(a) Mention the roles of ‘A’ in the life cycle of the malarial parasite.
(b) Name the event ‘C’ and the organ where this event occurs.
(c) Identify the organ ‘B’ and name the cells being released from it.
Given below is the representation of amino acid composition not the relevant translated portion of β-chain of haemoglobin, related to the shape of human red blood cells
(a) Is this representation indicating a normal human or a sufferer from certain related genetic disease? Give reason in support of your answer.
(b) What difference would be noticed in the phenotype of the normal and the sufferer related to this gene?
(c) Who are likely to suffer more from the defect related to the gene represented the males, the females or both males and females equally? And why?
By the end of 2002 the public transport of Delhi switched over to a new fuel. Name the fuel. Why is this fuel considered better? Explain.
Draw a schematic sketch of pBR 322 plasmid and label the following in it:
(a) Any two restriction sites.
(b) Ori and rop genes.
(c) An antibiotic resistant gene.
Explain how does a primary succession start on a bare rock and reach a climax community?
Explain how does the algal bloom eventually choke the water body in an industrial area?
The following is the illustration of the sequence of ovarian events (a − i) in a human female
(i) Identify the figure that illustrates ovulation and mention the stage of oogenesis it represents.
(ii) Name the ovarian hormone and the pituitary hormone that have caused the above mentioned event.
(iii) Explain the changes that occur in the uterus simultaneously in anticipation.
(iv) Write the difference between ‘c’ and ‘h’.
(v) Draw a labeled sketch of the structure of a human ovum prior to fertilization.
How does the megaspore mother cell develop into 7-celled, 8 nucleate embryo sac in an angiosperm? Draw a labeled diagram of a mature embryo sac.
What is the inheritance pattern observed in the size of starch grains and seed shape of Pisum sativum? Workout the monohybrid cross showing the above traits. How does this pattern of inheritance deviate from that of Mendelian law of dominance?