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# Science and Technology - 1 Balbharati Model Question Paper Set 1 2018-2019 SSC (English Medium) Class 10th Board Exam Question Paper Solution

Science and Technology - 1 [Balbharati Model Question Paper Set 1]
Date: March 2019

1
1.1 | Solve the following questions.
1.1.i

When a liquid is getting converted into solid, the latent heat is  ………………………………

Concept: Heat - Latent Heat
Chapter:  Heat
1.1.ii

Identify the type of following reaction : Concept: Types of Reactions - Decomposition
Chapter:  Chemical Reactions and Equations
1.1.iii

In Dobereiner’s triad containing Li, Na, K, if atomic masses of Lithium & Potassium are 6.9 and 39.1, then what will be the atomic mass of Sodium?

Concept: Early Attempts at the Classification of Elements - Dobereiner’s Triads
Chapter:  Periodic Classification of Elements  School of Elements
1.1.iv

Considering first correlation, complete the second.
Hubble telescope : At 569 km above the earth’s surface
Orbit of Hubble telescope : .............................

Concept: Low Earth Orbits (height above the earth’s surface: 180 km to 2000 km)
Chapter:  Space Missions
1.1.v

Observe the figure and write accurate conclusion regarding refraction of light. Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction of Light Through a Glass Block and a Triangular Prism
Chapter:  Wonders of Light 2
1.2 | Choose and write the correct option.
1.2.i

Write the correct option by observing the figures. Magnetic field in A is stronger.

Magnetic field in B is stronger.

Magnetic fields in A and B are same.

Magnetic fields in A and B are weaker.

Concept: Magnetic Effect of a Current
Chapter:  Effects of Electric Current
1.2.ii

A student obtained clear image of window grills on the screen. But the teacher told him to get the image of a tree far away, instead of window. To get a clear image,  the lens must be ............................

moved towards the screen.

moved away from the screen.

moved behind the screen.

moved far away from the screen.

Concept: Images Formed by Concave Lenses
Chapter:  Lenses
1.2.iii

What would be the correct order if Zn, Fe, Al and Cu are arranged in increasing order of reactivity?

Cu, Fe, Zn, Al

Al, Cu, Fe, Zn

Zn, Al, Cu, Fe

Fe, Zn, Al, Cu.

Concept: The Modern Periodic Table
Chapter:  Periodic Classification of Elements  School of Elements
1.2.iv

The following structural formula belongs to which carbon compound? Camphor

Benzene

Starch

Glucose

Concept: Bonds in Carbon Compounds
Chapter:  Carbon Compounds
1.2.v

What will be the weight of a person on earth, who weighs 9N on the moon?

a) 3 N

b) 15 N

c) 45 N

d) 54 N

Concept: Earth’s Gravitational Acceleration
Chapter:  Gravitation
2 | (Any Five )
2.1

Statement 1 : Electric current ( flow of electrons ) creates heat in the resistor.
Statement 2 : Heat in the resistor is created according to the rule of energy conservation.
Explain Statement 1 with the help of Statement 2.

Concept: Heating Effect of Electric Current
Chapter:  Effects of Electric Current  The Electric Spark
2.2

Swarali has got the following observations while doing an experiment. Answer her questions with the help of observations.

Swarali observed that the light bent away from the normal, while travelling from dense medium to rarer medium. When Swarali increased the values of angle of incidence (i), the values of angle of refraction (r) went on increasing. But at a certain angle of incidence, the light rays returned into the dense medium.

So, Swarali has some questions. Answer them –
a) Name this certain value of ‘i ’. What is the value of ‘r’ at that time ?
b) Name this process of returning of light in dense medium. Explain the process.

Concept: Partial and Total Internal Reflection
Chapter:  Refraction of Light
2.3

What is the correct reason for blinking / flickering of stars? Explain it.
a) The blasts in the stars.
b) Absorption of star light by the atmosphere.
c) Motion of the stars.
d) Changing refractive index of gases in the atmosphere.

Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction of Light Through a Glass Block and a Triangular Prism
Chapter:  Wonders of Light 2
2.4

Atomic number of metal ‚A‛ is 11, while atomic number of metal ‚B‛ is 20. Which of them will be more reactive? Write the chemical reaction of dilute HCl  with metal ‚A‛.

Concept: Periodic Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
Chapter:  Periodic Classification of Elements
2.5

Draw electron - dot structure and structural formula of methane.

Concept: Bonds in Carbon Compounds
Chapter:  Carbon Compounds
2.6

Solve the problem.

If mass of a planet is eight times the mass of the earth and its radius is twice the radius of the earth, what will be the escape velocity for that planet?

Concept: Satellite Launch Vehicles
Chapter:  Space Missions
2.7

What are space expeditions? Explain their need and importance in your words.

Concept: Space Missions Away from Earth
Chapter:  Space Missions
3 | Solve ANY 5 from the following questions.
3.1

A ball falls off a table and reaches the ground in 1 s. Assuming g=10 m/s2, calculate its speed on reaching the ground and the height of the table.

Concept: Escape velocity
Chapter:  Gravitation
3.2

Write down what you understood from the following chemical reaction.

AgNO3(aq) + NaCI(aq) → AgCI ↓ + NaNO3(aq)

Concept: Chemical equations - Writing a Chemical Equation
Chapter:  Chemical Reactions and Equations
3.3

Observe the straight chain hydrocarbons given below and answer the following
questions :
i) Which of the straight chain compounds from A and B is saturated and  unsaturated straight chains?
ii) Name these straight chains.
iii) Write their chemical formulae and number of – CH2 - units. Concept: Bonds in Carbon Compounds
Chapter:  Carbon Compounds
3.4

i) Which principle is explained in this figure?
ii) Which rule is used to find out the direction of a force in this principle?
iii) In which machine this principle is used? Draw a diagram showing working of that machine Concept: Force Acting on Current Carrying Conductor in a Magnetic Field
Chapter:  Effects of Electric Current
3.5

Study the following procedure and answer the questions below:
1. Take 3 spheres of iron, copper and lead of equal mass.
2. Put all the 3 spheres in boiling water in a beaker for some time.
3. Take 3 spheres out of the water. Put them immediately on a thick slab of wax.
4. Note, the depth that each sphere goes into the wax.
i) Which property of substance can be studied with this procedure?
ii) Describe that property in minimum words.
iii) Explain the rule of heat exchange with this property.

Concept: Calorimetry - Specific Heat Capacity
Chapter:  Heat
3.6

Complete the following flow chart and answer the questions below: i) In which method pine oil is used?
ii) Explain what method of concentration in brief.

Concept: Basic Principles of Metallurgy
Chapter:  Metallurgy
3.7

Complete the process of iron rusting by filling the blanks. Suggest a way to prohibit the process.
The iron rust is formed due to........................... reaction. Different
regions on iron surface become anode and cathode.
 Reaction on anode region :

F_e(s) → Fe^(2+) (aq) +2e^-

 Reaction on anode region :

O_2(g) + 4H^+(aq) +............................ → 2H_2 O (l)

When Fe2+ ions migrate from anode region they react with ................... to form Fe3+ ions.
A reddish coloured hydrated oxide is formed from ............... ions. It is called rust.

2Fe_(3+) (aq) + 4H_2O(l) → ................. + 6H_+(aq)

A way to prevent rusting ..................................................................

Concept: Corrosion of Iron (Rusting)
Chapter:  Chemical Reactions and Equations
4 | Solve ANY ONE from the following questions.
4.1

An element has its electron configuration as 2,8,2. Now answer the following questions.
i. What is the atomic number of this element?
ii. What is the valency of this element?
iii. What is the group of this element?
iv. To which period does this element belong?
v. With which of the following elements would this element resemble?

_7N ,  _4Be  ,  _18Ar  , _17CL

Concept: Periods and Electronic Configuration
Chapter:  Periodic Classification of Elements
4.2 i. Which type of microscope has the arrangement of lenses shown in the  adjoining figure?
ii. Label the figure correctly.
iii. Write the working of this microscope.
iv. Where does this microscope used?
v. Suggest a way to increase the efficiency of this microscope.

Concept: Use of Convex Lenses
Chapter:  Lenses

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