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English Set A 2018-2019 HSC Commerce 12th Board Exam Question Paper Solution

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English [Set A]
Marks: 80Academic Year: 2018-2019
Date: July 2019

Section I : Prose
[15]1
[12]1.A

Read the first activity, read the extract and then do all the activities:

A1. Complete the following sentence choosing the correct alternatives:

He goes for a morning walk at 1  p.m., because -
(1) ______________________________________________
(2) ______________________________________________
(a) He arrives from work past midnight.
(b) He has to stay in bed for a longer time till late morning.
(c) He has a special plan for early morning.
(d) He does not like to join the early birds' club.

Some people can just never wake up early. They munch their breakfast on the way to work.

They have excuses ready when they reach the office late. They miss trains on a regular basis. They have never seen a sunrise or met the milkman.

Until a loved one turned over a new leaf recently, she was one such late riser. Try as she might, she couldn't help pressing the snooze button a hundred times before she finally got up. She felt terrible about this tendency but there was nothing she could do about it. Come morning, She would just not be able to shrug off the desire to sleep a while more. Only when divine intervention answered her prayers recently was she able to join the early bird's club.

Another relative has no plans of joining this league through. She is rather unabashed about waking up past noon on a daily basis. To be fair, her husband is a media personality who typically arrives home from work past midnight. That does indeed give them sufficient justification to stay longer in slumberland each morning. This practice does lead to certain oddities through. He goes for his 'morning' walk at 1 pm, heatwaves, and appalled onlookers notwithstanding. They once returned from a night out only to meet the neighbour's son who was off on an early morning jog!

Early risers clearly have the edge in life. By the time most of us wake up, they've been through their morning rituals, enjoyed their walk, had their tea and read the daily news. They're also likely to have made long-distance calls before dawn to those similarly inclined. Thus, by the time the sun warms up they're likely to have discussed all varieties of 'men, matters, and affairs' with a dozen people.

A2. Web : 

Complete the following web :

A3. Complete the following statement :

Early risers clearly have the edge in life, because -
(1)
(2)

A4. Vocabulary : 

Match the words in column 'A' with their meanings in Column 'B'.

Column 'A' Column 'B'
(1) justification (a) dismiss
(2) oddities (b) sleep
(3) slumber (c) strange things
(4) shrug off (d) clarification

A5. Personal Response:
State two things that you can do to join the early birds' club.

A6. Grammar:
Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :

(1) She felt terrible about this tendency but there was nothing she could do about it. (Rewrite the sentence using 'although'.)

(2) They have never seen a sunrise or met the milkman. (Rewrite using 'neither ... nor'.)

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[3]1.B | Grammer :
[1]1.B.1

Do as directed :

As he was ________ rich person, he helped _______ poor.
(Rewrite the sentence using appropriate articles.)

Concept: Grammar
Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
[1]1.B.2

Do as directed :

He dived _______ the river and swam ________ an hour.
(Rewrite the sentence using appropriate prepositions.)

Concept: Grammar
Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
[1]1.B.3

Do as directed :

Ramesh said, "I can write an essay on national pride."
(Change it into indirect speech.)

Concept: Grammar
Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
[15]2
[12]2.A

Read the first activity, read the extract and then do all the activities:

A1. Correct the following statements with the help of the facts from the extract :

(1) Everybody in every part of the globe would have access to administration and social care services because he or she would not be able to afford them.

(2) We would avoid boom and bust cycles and be able to surmount natural disaster with great ease.

To me, a world without poverty means that every person would have the ability to take care of his or her own basic life needs. In such a world, nobody would die of hunger or suffer from malnutrition. This is a goal world leaders have been calling for decades, but have never set out any way of achieving it.

Today 40,000 children die each day around the world from hunger-related diseases. In a poverty-free world, no children would die of such causes.

Everybody in every part of the globe would have access to education and health-care services because he or she would be able to afford them. Unlike today, the state would not be required to provide free or subsidized health-care or schooling.

All state organizations created to provide free or subsidized services for the poor would no longer be required and welfare agencies, or the national welfare department. No free schools, no free hospital care, no begging in the streets.

State-run safety-net programmers would have no rationale for existence because no one would live on charity anymore. State-run social security programmers, income-support programmes would be unnecessary.

Social structures in a poverty-free world would, of course, be quite different from those that exist in a poverty-ridden world. But nobody would be at the mercy of anyone else, and that is what would make all the difference between a world without poverty and one riddled with it.

Finally, a poverty-free world would be economically much Stronger and far more stable than the world today.

one-fifth of the world's inhabitants who today live a life of extreme poverty would become income earners and income spenders. They would generate extra demand in the market to make the world economy grow. They would bring their creativity and innovations into the market-place to increase the world's productive capacity.

Since nobody would ever become poor, except on a temporary and limited basis, the economy would probably not go through extreme swings. We would avoid boom-and-bust cycles and be able to surmount man-made disasters with greater ease.

A2.

Complete the following statement :

The situation in the world without poverty would be different, because -

(1) the state need not ___________
(2) nobody __________

A3. Find out :

Find and write in the blank boxes :

One-fifth of the world's inhabitants today live a life of extreme poverty. How would they economically Stand in a poverty-free world?

They would be income earners and income spenders    

A4. Vocabulary :

Find out the words from the extract that mean the following : 

(1) calamity (2) overcome
(3) bringing new ideas (4) financially

A5. Personal Response :

Suggest at least four solutions to overcome the problems of increasing poverty.

A6. Grammar :

Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :

(1) Nobody would die of hunger or suffer from malnutrition.
(Remove the negative and rewrite.)

(2) Everybody in every part of the globe would have accessed education and health-care services.
(Rewrite the above sentences beginning with 'Education'.)

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[3]2.B | Note-Making :

Read the following extract and complete the notes given below :

Think of the special occasions in life when excess body weight becomes a huge liability and a quicker solution is the need for those situations when one wants to lose weight faster but does not want to undergo a surgery. The emerging solution to such worries is ESG, the latest innovation in the field. Team mohak is adept in handling this novel non-surgical procedure and is already ahead in India.

A non-surgical endoscopic procedure to reduce weight, it needs no incisions. The entire procedure takes place through the mouth using an endoscopic suturing system. It reduces the stomach to one-fourth in size limits the amount of calories absorbed and prolongs the time food remains in the stomach, extending the feeling of fullness.

Since ESG is not a surgery, it causes no incisions or scars, facilitating faster recovery and healing. ESG reduces the size of the stomach as with a surgical sleeve gastrectomy but does not involve the removal of any portions of the stomach. This is a key difference.

Actual weight loss will vary based on starting weight, motivation level and adherence to our dietary recommendations. Current studies suggest a total body weight loss of up to 20%.

Absolutely a large number of patients suffering from diabetes, hypertension and sleep apnea, etc. are leading a disease-free life, once they have achieved the desired weight loss after undergoing ESG procedure at Mohak- the ESG leader in India.

Title - ESG - A non-surgical weight loss solution

(1) Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) ____________ procedure takes place through the mouth using an endoscopic suturing system.

(2) ESG-different from normal weight loss.
ESG reduces the __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(3) Actual weight loss :

Actual weight loss ___________________
Current study suggests _____________

(4) ESG is helpful in resolving other obesity-linked diseases.

A large number of patients suffering from ________ leading a disease-free life once they achieve the desired weight loss.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
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[15]3

A Read the first activity, read the extract and then do all the activities :

A1. Complete :

Complete the following sentences :

(1) The two organizations that conducted the research to develop a smartphone-based optical bio-sensor are _______ and __________ .

(2) The _________ and _________ methods were used in the research instead of the differential method.

Urea is a major product of nitrogen metabolism in humans. It is eliminated from the body mainly by the kidneys through urine. Urea levels in body fluids, such as blood and saliva, rise drastically under certain kidney dysfunctions. Heart failure, hypovolemic shock, gastrointestinal bleeding, and severe infections can also lead to a rise. Thus urea in blood and saliva provides key information on renal function and helps diagnose various disorders.

Most methods for estimating urea in body fluids are based on colorimetry. These methods are time-consuming and involve painful blood extraction. Collecting saliva is non-evasive and research has correlated salivary and blood urea levels.

Recently scientists from the IIT-D and the AIIMS, New Delhi successfully developed a smartphone-based optical biosensor to detect urea in saliva. To fabricate the sensor, they directly immobilised the urease enzyme with a pH indicator on a filter paper-based strip. As a response to the urea on saliva, the paper strip changes colour. The red, green and blue levels help measure urea concentration.

The scientists used the slope method, sensor response change per unit time, instead of the differential method, the difference in sensor response between two-time intervals, to increase sensitivity and eliminate interference by variations in ambient light.

The team clinically validated spiked saliva samples and samples from healthy volunteers.

The smartphone application with paper strip can even be operated by non-professional with limited training. This saves time and cost spent on bulky spectroscopic procedures. The report can revolutionise the medical screening of large populations. And such mass screening of diseases would boost national health.

A2. Complete the following sentence using the correct alternatives from those given below :

Two objectives to conduct the research are ___________ .

(i) The colorimetry method used to estimate urea in body fluids consumes more time.

(ii) Information obtained from the presence of urea in blood and saliva is not helpful to diagnose various diseases.

(iii) Collecting samples of saliva is a non-invasive procedure.

(iv) Blood extraction is the easiest and less painful exercise.

A3. Write two benefits of the smartphone-based optical biosensor.

A4. Find out similar-meaning words from the extract for the following words :

(1) specimen (2) extremely (3) focus (4) remove

A5. Personal Response : 

'Research revolutionises the lifestyle of people in all spheres of life'-

Do you agree? Explain with an example in about 25 words.

A6. Grammar :
Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :

(1) These methods are time consuming and painful.
(Rewrite the sentence using 'as well as'.)

(2) The smartphone application with paper-strip can be operated.
(Begin the sentence with 'They  ___ .) 

(B) Summerise the above extract with the help of the points given and suggest a suitable title::
Research by the organisations - methods adopted - reasons for the research - advantages.

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Section - II : Poetry
[8]4

Read the extract and do all the activities that follow: 

We used to think seven generations ahead
Now we have become selfish
Only thinking about me, myself and I
Only thinking in the present, not learning from the past.
We used to stroll barefoot through the overgrown grass,
Its morning dew tickling our feet
Now we step outside onto the rugged concrete
No more natural than the over-processed food we eat
We used to walk down the snow sprinkled trail,
Maybe catch a glimpse of a bobcat, playing eye tricks with its tail
Now there is only one type of bobcat we see
The one that is fur-free, clearing the pavement of all debris
We used to walk through a footpath in a forest of pine
The smell intoxicating our lungs and mind
Now the only smell to be found comes from plastic trees.
Swaying on my rearview mirror, labelled pine breeze
we used to watch the valley play hide and seek

A1. Web :
Complete the web with the things man used to do in the past:

A2. Poetic Devices :

'We used to walk down the snow sprinkled trail'
Name the figure of speech in the above line and find out another example of the same from the extract.

A3. Personal Response :
Write in brief your views about past and present lifestyle.

A4. Poetic Creativity :
'Now we step outside onto the rugged concrete No more natural than the over-processed food.'
Read the above lines and compose at least two lines of your own. based on the same theme.

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Section - III : Rapid Reading And Composition
[8]5
[4]5.A

Read the extract and do the activities that follow :

When Rosalind heard about Orlando's wound and saw the handkerchief stained with his blood, she also fainted; and later she told Oliver that she was really Rosalind, and loved Orlando dearly. Oliver had already fallen in love with gentle Celia, and he persuaded the two girls to accompany him to Duke Senior's court. Rosalind, however, wanted to play one more trick as Ganymede, so she made Oliver promise not to tell anyone that the young shepherd boy and his sister Aliena were really Rosalind and Celia.

And so Aliena and Ganymede were introduced to the old Duke, and he did not recognize his daughter, although he remarked on Ganymede's likeness to Rosalind.

Then the "shepherd boy" told Orlando and the Duke that he could find Rosalind and would bring her to them, making the Duke promise that he would allow his daughter to marry Orlando. she and Celia ran quickly to the shepherd's cottage, changed into their own clothes and removed the brown stains from their faces. Then they returned to the Duke, where they were welcomed with great rejoicing.

'To you, I give myself, for I am yours,' Rosalind said to the Duke, her father. Then she turned to Orlando and said: 'To you, I give myself, for I am yours.'

Rosalind and Orlando were married at once in the forest and on the same day Oliver who was no longer selfish and wicked, married Celia. Just as they were going to be married, a messenger came to ask Duke Senior to go back to his dukedom. Celia's father, Duke Frederick, had mended his wicked ways and asked his brother to return.

A1. True/False :

Choose the true statements from those given below and write them down :

(i) Rosalind played the role of a shepherd boy Ganymede.
(ii) Senior Duke recognised his daughter, Celia.
(iii) Oliver married Rosalind.
(iv) Duke Frederick had mended his wicked ways.

A2. Convert into a dialogue :

Convert the above extract into a dialogue form.

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[4]5.B

Read the extract and do the activities that follow :

Two weeks later, I wrote: "Dear Mum, thanks for the socks. But I wish you had sent me a food parcel instead. How about some guava cheese? And some mango pickle. They don't give us pickle in school. Headmaster's wife says it heats the blood."

"About that skeleton. If a dead body was hidden in that cupboard after 1930- must have been, if the newspapers of that year were under the skeleton - it must have been someone who disappeared around that time or a little later. Must have been before Tirloki joined the hotel, or he'd remember. What about the registers- would they give us a clue?"

Received a parcel containing guava cheese, strawberry jam, and mango pickle. HEadmaster confiscated the pickle. Maybe he needed it to heat his blood.

A note enclosed with parcel read: "Old hotel registers missing. Must have been thrown out. Or perhaps Mr. Green took them away when he left. Tirloki says a German spy stayed in the hotel just before the War broke out. The spy used to visit the Gurkha Lines and the armaments factory. He was passing information on to a dentist who visited Germany every year. When war broke out, the dentist was kept in a prisoner-of-war camp. The spy disappeared-some say to Tibet. Could the spy have been silenced and put away in the cupboard? But I keep forgetting it was a woman's skeleton. Tirloki says the spy was a man. But a clever spy may have been a woman dressed as a man. But a clever spy may have been a woman dressed as a man. what do you think? "

It was the football season, and I wasn't doing much thinking. Chasing a football in the monsoon mist and slush called for single-minded endurance, especially when we were being beaten 5-0 by Simla Youngs, a team of junior clerks from the government offices. Not the ideal training for a boy-detective. The winter holidays were still four months distant, and the case of the unidentified skeleton appeared to be resolving itself with a little help from my mother and her friends.

B1. Complete :
Complete the following sentences :

(1) The narrator's football team was beaten 5-0 by ___________ .
(2) Headmaster's wife says that ___________ .
(3) Things that the narrator received in the parcel are __________ .
(4) The German spy was passing information ___________ .

B2. Write a gist :

Write a gist of the extract in about 50 words.

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Section IV : Written Communication
[8]6 | Letter Writing:
[4]6.A | Write any ONE of the following letters :
[4]6.A.1

Letter Writing

Imagine that you are Manish/Manish Godbole, a student of class XI science stream, Adarsh College, Omeraga, Distt. Osmanabad. You have secured 85% marks in S.S.C. exam. You are eligible to get Rajarshi Shahu scholarship.
Write a letter to the District Welfare officer, special assistance cell, Osmanabad, requesting him/her to make necessary proceedings for the allotment of Rajarshi Shahu Scholarship.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
OR
[4]6.A.2

Letter Writing

In your locality, dirty gutters are overflowing. It has made the hygienic conditions of the area very poor. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper bringing to the notice of the public the above-mentioned matter and its harmful effects.
suggest some possible solutions.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
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[4]6.B | Write on any ONE of the following items:
[4]6.B.1

Write a short tourist leaflet on any one of the hill stations in Maharashtra, with the help of the following points :

(i) Importance of the place
(ii) How to go there
(iii) Accommodation and the best time to visit
(iv) What to see
(v) Shopping attractions
(vi) Add your own points.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
OR
[4]6.B.2

Write a news item on any one of the following headlines with proper dateline, lead/intro paragraph, and a short continuing paragraph:

(i) India wins T20 series.
{ii) Railway suspends two officials over derailment

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[4]6.C | Write any ONE of the following items :
[4]6.C.1 | View-Counterview :

Read the following counter-view section and develop a view section in about 120 words. Suggest a suitable title :

Counter-View Section

"There is no need to celebrate World Earth Day"
• Earth can take care of its ecosphere
• People are aware of environmental problems
• People are making efforts
• Industrialists are taking care all over the world.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
OR
[4]6.C.2 | Information transfer

Look at the table given below and write a short paragraph based on it in about 120 words :
The following table shows irregular rainfall causing low groundwater level in Nashik district, and Talukawise its worst hit villages.

Drop in water level Talukas
0 to 1 meter Nashik, Igatpuri, Niphad, Chandwad, Kalwan, Deola, Tryambakeshwar
1 to 2 meters Sinnar, Yeola, Nandgaon, Satana, Malegaon
Worst Hit Areas
Talukas Situation over coming months
Oct.-Dec. Jan-Mar. Apr.-June Total
Igatpuri 01 06 49 56
Malegaon 31 54 37 122
Nandgaon 08 17 37 62
Niphad 01 04 47 52
Source: Times of India, Nashik Times, City Edn.
 Date: Oct. 18, 2018
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[7]7
[4]7.A | Interview Questions :

Imagine that you are going to interview a great social worker or reformer. Frame a set of 8-10 questions for the interview :

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[3]7.B | Speech Drafting :

Your college has organised 'A Health Awareness Programme' to emphasise the. importance of healthy food and say goodbye to 'Junk food'.

As a class representative, prepare a speech in about 100 words to be delivered during the inaugural function. You may use the following points :
(1) Importance of healthy food.
(2) Regular and proportional diet, avoiding junk food.
(3) Importance of exercise.
(4) Add your own points.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
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