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Question Paper Solutions for English Set B 2015-2016 HSC Science (General) 12th Board Exam

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English
Set B
2015-2016 March
Marks: 80

[15]1
[11]1.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given
below:

So what is a city? It's a dense amalgamation of buildings and
people. A city must provide equity and also be sustainable. As an  architect who has been closely connected with Delhi and its planning, my wish list is more about the direction we need to take  so that future generations don 't end up living in chaotic dysfunctional cities.
       The first requirement for a city is a pragmatic plan. Many of
our cities such.as Delhi and Bhubaneswar and even Port Blair in
the Andamans have reasonably good master plans. Many also have City Development Plans which have been made an essential requirement to draw funds. from the government's Urban Renewal Programme (JNNURM). But they should be updated frequently based on the changing needs of its people.
        And let's not forget its citizens - they need to be more
pro-actively involved when evolving master plans. But often,
there's lack of planning and inadequate implementation systems.This applies to all essential components of a city-streets, public transport system, traffic management, affordable housing, cars and parking, drainage. water supply, sewerage and garbage. Any deficiency in these will lead to poor quality cities which won't be able to handle the pressure of increased population and changing needs.
      The second require1nent of a good city is goqd social
infrastructure such as parks and places for leisure such as river
and sea fronts. It needs to preserve and protect its heritage. We
are a nation with a rich diversity in culture, arts and crafts.

Questions :
(I) What issue is raised in the above extract? (I)
(2) What are the requirements ofa good city? (2)
(3) Why is it necessary to update our city development
plan? (2)
( 4) Do you think unplanned cities tnake the life of its people
miserable? How? (2)
(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) A city 1nust provide equity and also be sustainable.
(Rewrite the sentence using 'not only ...... but also'.) (1) 
(ii) Many of our cities have good master plans.
(Frame a Wh-question to get the underlined part
as its answer.)  (1) 
(iii) It needs to preserve and protect its heritage.
(Identify the tense used in the sentence.) (1) 
(6) Find out from the extract the words which mean:
(i) practical  (1/2)
(ii) blend  (1/2) 

Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill
[4]1.B | Grammer
[1]1.B.1

Grammar :
Do as directed :
(i) Rewrite the following sentence by inserting the appropriate
articles wherever necessary :
I read interesting story frrom Mahabharata.   (1) 

Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
Concept: Grammar
[1]1.B.2

Do as directed:
Rewrite the following sentence using the appropriate prepositions :
One of the things that distinguishes man....... other animals is the power........... speech. (1)

Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
Concept: Grammar
[2]1.B.3

Do as directed:
Change the following into indirect speech:
Mother said, “Sunita, what did you buy from the market?” She said, “I bought a dictionary.”

 

Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
Concept: Grammar
[15]2
[11]2.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:

Researchers recently announced the earth could actually
withstand up to 200,000 times the current population. They arrived at this figure by calculating the amount of heat a human body emits, and only at I ·3 million billion would the earth be too hot to be habitable. And though it would feel like being ina can of sardines if that figure were ever reached, the earth is capable of comfortably sustaining a population several times the current 6·5 billion.
In fact,' fertility is actually on the decline worldwide. Though
population has grown, the rate of growth has fallen sharply. Twenty years ago, the UN projected that population would reach 11·I6 billion in 2050, today they say it will reach only 9·3 billion.
Moreover, human population will stabilize at about 11·5 billion. While this figure is almost twice the current one, it is hardly claustrophobic.'
True, the demands on resources are heavy even now, but this  is more due to the manner in which these resources are being used. In fact, figures show that a bigger population does not amount to greater consumption. Over 20% of the world's people in the highest income countries account for 86% of total private consumption expenditure - the poorest 20% a tiny l·3%. With just 5% of the world's population, the US consumes about 40% of the world's resources. Would you say the US is overpopulated?
  Concerns on scarcity of food are equally baseless. In fact,
global food production has actually kept up with population growth. If people starve in many countries it is not because food is becoming scarce; it is because those people cannot afford it.

Questions:
(1) What conclusions did the researchers arrive at? (1) 

(2) How does the writer explain that the fertility is on the
decline? (2)

(3) What does the extract predict about the fear of scarcity of food? (2)

(4) How will population become a gift in the global market
scene?  (2)

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:
(i) The earth could withstand upto 200,000 times the
current population.
(Rewrite the sentence using the modal auxiliary
showing 'certainty'.) (1)
(ii) The earth would be too hot to be habitable.
(Remove 'too' and rewrite the sentence.) (1)
(iii) These resources are being used.
(Rewrite the sentence beginning with, 'We ........... .')  (1)

(6) Write the antonyms of:
(i) habitable
(ii) stabilize

Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill
[4]2.B

Read the following extract and complete the table given below :
Computer Assisted Language Leaming (CALL) materials
come in two main formats : CD/DVD RO Ms and Web-based. Someare tailored to the content to be used in the classrooms whereas others can be used independently. CALL materials allow you to work at your own pace.
Multimedia materials offer you opportunity to take part in
other computer-assisted activities, such as text-based gap-filling, multiple choice and text reconstruction activities. Language teachers often develop such text-based CALL activities to accompany a particular course. CALL materials can be regularly updated.
Because CALL learning activity types are usually designed
from a template, they can sometimes be repetitive.
   A major advantage of CALL materials is that they offer
instant feedback on your spoken or written performance. However, such feedback can be limited. If you are more interested in creating your own responses or elaborating on your ideas, you may find this iype of facebook frustrating. Web-based CALL materials can offer more variety through the use of hyperlinks, but feedback is still limited.
Just as representations of the cultures of the target language offered by courses using books; audio and video tapes can perpetuate stereotypes.

Computer Assisted Language Learning Material
Formats Advantages Disadvantages
 ------------and Web-based (a) content tailored for classroom use

(i) -------
  (b) ----------- (ii) limited feedback
  (c) ----------- (iii) ---------
  (d) offer opportuniiy to take part in other computerassisted
activities
(iv)--------
  (e) -----------  
  (f) -----------  
  (g) offer variety  
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[15]3

(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
Chronic floods during the monsoon, on an average, affect
more than 30 million Indians annually Ironically, 60% of lndia's farmland, 66% of its livestock and its entire forest area depends on rains for survival.
According to a recently released Central Water Commission (CWC) report, on an average, 7·21 -million hectares (roughly 72,000 sq. km.) go under floodwater. This water typically ravages 3·78 million hectares of agricultural land, damaging crops worth Rs. 1, 118 crore annually.
 Heavy rains and floods account for nearly 1,700 lives lost
annually. Apart from this, I ·25 lakh houses are annually damaged by torrential rains that also wipe out nearly 96,000 livestock.
Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity, hitting India almost every year. According to the CWC's report on financial aspects of flood control, anti-sea erosion and drainage projects, it is not possible to provide absolute protection instantly to all flood-prone areas. It says that such an attempt will neither be practical nor ecnomically viable.
The CWC's analysis of floods in India from 1953 to 2011
shows a marginal decline in flood-affected areas over the years, the data shows 1977 1978 and 1979 were the worst-hit. The 1977 floods killed over 11,000 people, six time the average for the 59 years, between 1953 and 2011. In terms of area and population affected, the floods of 1978 were the most destructive.
  In terms off financial loss, recent floods have been far more destructive. The total loss of crops, houses and public utilities in 2009 was Rs.32541 crore, the highest for any 

Question
(1) What is the above extract about? (1)

(2) How do floods adversely affect India? (2)

(3) Why is it not possible to provide absolute protection to all flood-prone areas? (2)

(4) How would you help the flood -affected people? (2)

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) The floods of 1978 were the most destructive.
(Change the sentence into the 'positive degree'.) (1)
(ii) Floods are the most recurrent natural calamity hitting
India almost every year.
(Make it a complex sentence.) (1)
(iii) Floods have been far more destructive.
(Rewrite the sentence using the Simple Present tense.) (1)

(6) Give the meanings of:
(i) entire
(ii) calamity

(B) Write a brief summary of the above extract with the help of the points given below and suggest a suitable title.
Floods - natural, recurrent calamity in India - destroy life and property - no absolute protection - neither practical nor economically viable- floods in 1977 and 1978.

Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill
[8]4
[4]4.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given
below:

If you do not get lowered in your own eyes
While you raise yourself in those of others,
If you do not give in to gossips and lies
Rather heed them not, saying, 'who bothers?'
You may be the person I am looking for.
If you crave not for praise when you win
And look not for sympathy whileyou lose,
If cheers let not your head toss or spin
And after a set-back you offer no excuse,
You may be the person I and looking for.

(1) What should be your reaction towards gossips and
lies? (1)
(2) Who are your role 1nodels? Why? (1) 
(3) Give the rhyming pairs of words fro1n the first stanza. (1) 
(4) Which line is repeated in this extract and what is its
effect? (1) 

Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[4]4.B

Read the follow ing extract and answer the questions given
below:

Not gold but only men can make
A people great and strong;
Men who for truth and honor's sake
Stand fast and suffer long .

Brave men who work while others sleep,
Who dare while others fly ....

They build a nation's pillars deep
And lift them to the sky.

(I) What makes a nation strong? (1)
(2) According to you, what makes India a strong and powerful
nation?. (1)
(3) Write down the rhyme scheme used in the extract. (1)
( 4) What does the phrase 'others fly ... ' mean? (1) 

Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[8]5 | (Rapid Reading and Composition)
[4]5.A

5. (A) Read the following extract and rewrite it from the point of view of the Daisy, the flower :

[You may begin as : I was very happy ........... ]
         How happy the daisy was! No one has the least idea. The bird kissed it with its beak, sang to it, and then rose again up to the blue sky. It was certainly more than a quarter of an hour before the daisy recovered its senses. Half ashamed, yet glad at heart, it . looked over to the other flowers in the garden; surely they had witnessed its pleasure and the honour that had been done to it; they understood its joy. But lhe tulips stood more stitlly than ever, their faces were pointed and red, because they were vexed. The peonies were sulky; it was well that they could not speak, otherwise they would have given the daisy a good lecture. The little flower could very well see that they were ill at ease, and pitied them sincerely ..
            Shortly after this a girl came into the garden, with a large sharp knife. She went to the tulips and began cutting them off, one after another. "Ugh!" sighed the daisy, "that is terrible; now they are done for."
        The girl carried the tulips away. The daisy was glad that it was outside, and only a small flower - it felt very grateful. At sunset it folded its petals and fell asleep,. and dreamt all night of the sun and the little bird.

 

Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[4]5.B | Attempt one of the following
[4]5.B.1

(B) Read the following extract and convert it into a dialogue between Roma and Herman, the narrator in about 8 to l 0 sentences : ( 4)
[You may begin with : (After dinner by the shore at Coney Island Roma and Herman started back by Sid's car.)

      The four of us drove out to Coney Island. Roma was easy to talk to, easy to  be with. Turned out she was wary of blind dates too! We were both just doing our friends a favor. We took a stroll on the boardwalk, enjoying the salty Atlantic breeze, and then had dinner by the shore. I couldn't remember having a better time.

          We piled back into Sid's car, Roma and I sharing the backseat. As European Jews who had survived the war, we were aware that much had been left unsaid between us. She broached the subject. "Where were you during the war?'' she asked softly.
    'The camps,' I said, the terrible memories still vivid, the irreparable loss. I had tried to forget. But you can never forget. ·
   She nodded. "My family was hiding on a farm in Germany,
not far from Berlin," she told me. "My father knew a priest, and
he got us Aryan papers."
   I imagined how she must have suffered too, tear, a constant
companion. And yet here we were both survivors, in a new world.
  "There was a camp next' to the farm." Roma continued, "I
saw a boy there and I would throw him apples everyday". ·

 

 

Chapter: [3.06] Speaking Skill
Concept: Speaking Skill
[4]5.B.2

Read the following extract and convert it into a dialogue between Charles and Oliver in  about 120 words (4)
[You may begin with : Charles : Hi Orlando! I am a famous wrestler ..... ]
Frederick had a very famous wrestler, called Charles, in his court He was champion of the country, and had fought many brave and strong young men. Now, Orlando was a fine wrestler, too, and decided to try his strength against Charles. Charles came to see Oliver about this, asking him to persuade Orlando to give up his idea.
'I am a professional wrestler, sir,' Charles explained to Oliver, 'and I must always fight to win, in order to keep my reputation. Anyone who fights me runs the risk of being
badly hurt, Please warn y our younger brother, and persuade him to change his mind.
But the wicked Oliver thought this was a good opportunity to get rid of Orlando, so he told Charles all kinds of lies about theyoung man. lie pretended that Orlando was bad and ungrateful, and deserved any punishment which Charles could give him. I would rather you broke his neck than his finger,' Oliver said, 'and you have my permission to do. what you like with the boy.'
So Charles promised to do his best to kill Orlando. 'If he comes to the fight tomorrow, I'll give him his payment,' Charles said. 'If he can walk away after I have finished with him, never wrestle again.'

Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill
[12]6 | SEITTION - D . (Written Composition)
[4]6.A | (A) Letter Writing : Write any ONE of the following letters:
[4]6.A.1

Write an application in response to the following advenisement using information given in the CV provided :

SITUATION VACANT
                                Wanted
Smart, English speaking salesman for an electronic
showroom. Good salary offered. Experienced
candidate will be preferred.
Write giving details to : The Proprietor, Ganesh
Electronics, M.G. Road, Solapur.
C. V. (Resume)
(1) Name             : Suhas Randive
(2) Age                :29 years
(3) Address          :I 05, Roshan Apanment, L.T. Road, Pune - 11
(4) Educational    : B. A. (First class), Pune Univ.
qualification
(5) Experience    : 3 years' experience of working as a salesman in a textile shop.
(6) Interests      : Travelling, photography, reading.
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[4]6.A.2

Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper highlighting in it
the importance of cleanliness and the need of public
participation in the cleanliness drive in your district

Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[4]6.B | Write on any ONE of the following items as directed:
[4]6.B.1
Write a short tourist leaflet on a place of historical importance with the help of the following points: 
(i) How to reach there?
(ii) Where to Stay?
(iii) Historical importance of the place.
(iv) Shopping Attraction.
(v) Add your own points.
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[4]6.B.2 | Read the following headlines of news items. Choose any ONE of them and write the dateline, intro and a short continuing paragraph:
Read the following headlines of news items. Choose any ONE of them and write the dateline, intro and a short continuing paragraph:
(i) 4 killed, 20 injured in a road mishap.
(ii) Auto - rickshaw drivers on strike.
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[4]6.C | Write on any ONE of the following items :
[4]6.C.1
Read the following tabular data and write a short paragraph regarding ‘The vacant seats in the Engineering and Pharmacy college’ :
Courses
Intake capacity
Vacant seats
Engineering:
   
Degree
1, 55, 102
42, 497
Diploma
1, 65, 413
55, 107
Post - graduation
13, 651
1, 810
Pharmacy:
   
Degree
9, 712
924
Diploma
12, 959
1, 771
Post - graduation
5, 296
3, 506
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[4]6.C.2

Write short paragraph in about 120 words to be used for the Counter - View section on the following topic:
“Science and Technology development have helped us in all walks of life”.
You may take help of the following points from the View section.

View Section
Science and technology development useful for mankind.
• has made life comfortable and happy.
• life being lengthened.
• increased agricultural production.
• world is brought closer through various safer and
faster communication and transport systems.
• modes of entertainment.
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[7]7 | Answer the following questions as per instructions :
[4]7.A

Imagine you have to interview an old woman who lives in an ‘old - age home’. Write a set of 8 to 10 questions for the interview. You may take help of the following points:

• Her family, reasons for being in an old-age home, her feelings and expectations, her advice, etc.

Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
[3]7.B

Imagine you have to give a speech on the topic ‘India’s Changing Villages’. Write a speech on it about 100 words.

 

Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill

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