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English 2013-2014 HSC Science (Computer Science) 12th Board Exam Question Paper Solution

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English
2013-2014 March
Marks: 80

[15]1
[11]1.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given
below: 

        Today, at 29, \.1.ichael has discovered the power of another good idea that has helped him rise in just a few years from teen to tycoon.He has become the fourth largest manufacturerof personal computers in America and the youngest man ever to head Fortune 500 Corporation.
             Growing up in Houston, Texas. Michael and his two brothers were imbued by their parents. Alexander and Lorraine - he anorthodontist, she a stockbroker- with the desire to learn and the drive to work hard. Even so, stories about the middle boy began to be told early.
                 Like the time a saleswoman came asking to speak to "Mr. Michael Dell" about his getting a high school equivalency diploma. Moments later. eight-year-old Michael was explaining that he thought it might be a good idea to get high school out of the way. 
               A few years later Michael had another good idea, to trade stamps by advertising in stamp magazines. With the $2000 he made, he bought his first personal computer. Then he took it apart to figure out how it worked.
             In high school Michael had a job selling newspaper subscriptions. Newlyweds, he figured, were the best prospects, so he hired friends to copy rhe names and addresses of recent recipients of marriage licences. These he entered into his computer, then sent a personalized letter offering each couple a free two-week subscription.
              This time Dell made $ 18,000 and bought an expensive BMW car. The car salesman was flabbergasted when the 17-ycar-oJd paid cash. 

(I) What details does the writer give about Dell's family in the
extract?   (1)
(2) How did Dell succeed in earning S2QOQ? (2)
(3) Why was the car salesman flabbergasted?  (2)
(41 What do you think you can learn from Dell's story? (2)
{5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instmcted:
{i) "He has discovered the power of another good idea."
(Rewrite it beginning with 'The power of another good 
idea ...... ... .'.) (1)
.(if) "If you think you have a good idea, try it. "
(Use 'Unless' .) (1)
(iii) '"This time Dell made $18,000 and bought an expensive
BMW car."     (1)
(Make it a simple sentence.)
CM Find out the words from the extract which mean :
(i) filled with a quality.    (1/2)
(ii) understand.        (1/2)

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[4]1.B | Grammar
[1]1.B.1

(1) __ my friend is __ able translator and _ _ impa1tial
cdi tor as well. 

(Rewrite it using appropriate articles.)

Concept: Grammar
Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
[1]1.B.2

(ii) I was _ _ my regular walk through the forest _ _ 9 a.m.
( I)
(fill in the b lanks with proper prepositions.) 

Concept: Grammar
Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
[2]1.B.3

(iii) whispered to him hesitantly, "Could you stay here for a day?"
Gandhiji said, "It is very difficult."
(Change it into indirect speech.)    (2) 

Concept: Grammar
Chapter: [3.05] Grammar
[11]2
[11]2.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below.         

            I grew up in India in which telephones were both rare and virtually useless. When I left India in 1975 to go to the US for graduate studies, we had perhaps, 600 million residents in the country and just two million landline telephones. Having a telephone was a rare privilege: if you weren’t an important government official, or a doctor, or a journalist, you might languish in a long waiting list and never receive a phone.

             Telephone were such a rarity (after all, 90% of population had access to a telephone line) that elected members of Parliament had amongst their privileges the right to allocate 15 telephone connections to whomever they deemed worthy.

              And if you did have a phone, it wasn’t necessarily a blessing. I spent my high school years in Calcutta, and I remember that if you picked up your phone, you had no guarantee you would reach the number you had dialled. Sometimes you were connected to someone else’s ongoing conversation, and they had no idea you were able to hear them; there was even a technical term for it, the ‘cross - connection’ (appropriately, since these were connections that made us very cross). If you wanted to call another city, say Delhi, you had to book a ‘trunk call’ in the morning and then sit by the telephone all day waiting for it to come through; or you could pay eight times the going rate for a ‘lightning call’ = but even lightning struck slowly in India those days, so it only took half an hour instead of the usual three or four or more to be connected.
 

Questions:

(1). Why were telephones a rarity before 1975? (1)

(2) What special rights did elected members of Parliament use to have? (2)

(3) How did the author differentiate between a ‘trunk call’ and a ‘lightning call’?  (2)

(4) Do you think the cellphone has made us global?  (2)

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed.  . (3)

(i) You could pay eight times the going rate for a ‘lighting call’. (Rewrite it using modal auxiliary showing compulsion) 

(ii) I spent my high school years in Calcutta. [Rewrite it using past perfect tense] 

(iii) Telephones were a rarity. [Make it a rhetorical question] 

(6) Match the words in column ‘A’ with their meanings in column ‘B’.  (1)

  Column A   Column B
(i) Privilege
(i)
means to reach or get
(ii) Access
(ii)
remedy
    (iii) special right

 

 

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[4]2.B | Note Making:

Read the following extract carefully and make the notes with the help of the clues given below:  (4)

Naturally occurring platinum and platinum - rich alloys have been known for a long time. The Spaniards named the metal ‘platina’ or little silver, when they first encountered it in Colombia. The platinum group metals are rhodium, ruthenium, palladium, osmium, iridium and platinum. Of these, platinum is the most important. These metals are very similar in many ways and are extremely rare.
On an average, there is only a gramme of ruthenium in each tonne of the rock and barely a gramme of rhodium in over a 1000 tonnes of rock! Platinum’s wear and tarnish resistance characteristics are well suited for making fine jewellery. Other distinctive properties include - resistance to chemical attack, excellent high temperature characteristics and stable electrical properties. These metals are uniquely durable and can be used extremely efficiently - meaning that a very little goes a very long way. When recycled, over 96 percent can be recovered. The platinum group metals - or PGMS - plays an important role in our everyday life, for they are used in so many things from fountain pens to aircraft turbines. In fact, one in four of the goods manufactured today either contain one or the other of these metals. The catalytic converter - a pollution control device - is the largest application of platinum group metals. 
 
Que. Title: Platinum Group of Metals. 
First encountered: ___________ in Columbia.
Platinum group metals include: iridium and ______________
Nature: Similar in many ways, extremely rare.
Availability: _____________barely a gramme of rhodium _ _________________
Distinctive Properties:
______________________
resistant to chemical attack
durable, long lasting
____________________
Platinum group metals used in :

_______________ 

___________________

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[15]3
[15]3.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:

 We often hear this statement that “many of our young people spend more time before their T.V. sets, than they do in their classrooms or with their textbooks. “A bit exaggerated though it may sound, it is nearly true and our teenagers are being considerably influenced by the electronic media, particularly the T.V. The television has become the single most powerful influence in the lives of many of our youngsters today. Too often this happens to us much before we realise it ourselves.
         I am in no way trying to deny the many advantages of T.V. or minimise its manifold contributions to our world. On the other hand, I consider T.V. as one of the greatest scientific achievements of our times, bringing people closer than ever before.
        Television’s use of the modern satellite technology brings today even the remotest regions of the world to us in seconds, making the world a small (global) village. As we know, television also provides us with a fuller and more impressive coverage of current events than any other media.
       The T.V. does serve. In addition, as medium of education as well as entertainment. Besides, helping us to learn subjects taught in schools, college in greater depth, it enables us (National Geographic, Discovery channel etc.) to see and appreciate from close quarters (without having to go there, which is very expensive or even impossible for most of us) the wonders of God’s creation in any part of the world.
 
Questions: 
1.  What does the passage tell us about? (1) 
2.Write at least two advantages of T.V. from the passage. (2)
3. What other purpose does the T.V. serve in addition to education and entertainment? (2) 
4. Do you agree with the statement that many of our young people spend more time with their T.V. set? Justify your answer.  (2)
5. Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed: 
(i) Our young people spend more time before their T.V. set than in their classrooms.  (1) (Rewrite it  using positive degree)
(ii) The T.V. does serve as medium of education as well as an entertainment.   (1) (Rewrite it using ‘not only ......... but also’) 
(iii) I consider T.V. as one of the greatest scientific achievements of our times. (1) (Rewrite it using the noun form of the underlined word.)  
6. Find out the synonyms of the following words from the extract. (1) 
B. Summary: 
Write a summary of the above extract with the help of the following points and suggest a suitable title:  (4) 
Clues: T.V. - Misunderstanding - influence on youngsters - advantages - other benefits. 
Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[8]4
[4]4.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below: (4) 

All dawns pass
leaving them in the dark.
They do not fear death,
they died long ago.
Old women once
were continents.
They had deep woods in them,
lakes, mountains, volcanoes even,
even raging gulfs.
When the earth was in heat
they melted, shrank,
leaving only their maps.
You can fold them
and keep them handy :
who knows, they might help you find
your way home. 
Questions: 
1. What do ‘maps’ symbolize? (1)  
2. Do you feel that you should look after your grandparents? Why? (1) 
3. Name and explain the figure of speech in the following line.
“All dawns pass leaving them in the dark” (1) 
4. What examples of geographical imagery are mentioned in the poem? (1) 
 
Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[4]4.B
(B) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below: (4)
Is it the sword? Ask the red dust.

Of empires passed away;

The blood had turned their stones to rust,

Their glory to decay.

And is it pride? Ah, that bright crown

Has seemed to nations sweet;

But God has struck its luster down

In ashes at his feet.
Questions: 
1) What is the ultimate result of pride?          (1)
2)Do you think war victories really turn ‘glory to decay’ Why? (1) 
3) Pick out the rhyming pairs of words in the second stanza. (1) 
4) What message does the above extract convey? (1) 
 
Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[4]5 | [Rapid Reading and Composition)
[4]5.A

Read the following extract carefully.        (4) 

I was walking around the camp, around the barracks, near the barbed wire fence where the guards could not easily see. I was alone.
On the other side of the fence. I spotted someone: a little girl with light, almost luminous curls. She was half hidden behind a birch tree. I glanced around to make sure no one saw me. I called to her softly in German, “Do you have something to eat? She didn’t understand.
I inches closer to the fence and repeated the question in Polish. She stepped forward. I was thin and gaunt, with rags wrapped around my feet, but the girl looked unafraid. In her eyes I saw life. She pulled an apple from her woolen jacket and threw it over the fence. I grabbed the fruit and, as I started to run away, I heard her say faintly, “I’ll see you tomorrow.”
I returned to the same spot by the fence at the same time every day. She was always there with something for me to eat - a hunk of bread or better yet, an apple.
We didn’t dare speak of linger. To be caught would mean death for us, both. I didn’t know anything about her. Just a kind farm girl, except that she understood Polish.
What was her name? Why was she risking her life for me? 
Question 
Imagine that you are the author’s brother Sam and rewrite it.
You may begin with: “Hello, I am Sam. My brother was walking around the camp .......”
Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[4]5.B | Attempt any one of the following:
[4]5.B.1
George : (contemptuously) I wasn’t afraid of the bulldog.
Tom : No, maybe you weren’t; but I’m not sure that the savage beast hasn’t torn off a bit of young Alfie’s suit, and if he has there won’t half be a row! (Alfie fidgets nervously at the mention of his damaged suit)
Tom : (down R.C.) How much money have we collected?
Ginger : (crossing C. to George) let’s have a look under the light.
(after counting coppers, with the aid of George’s torch) Eight pence half penny.
Tom : (in a tone of disgust) only eight pence half penny – between four of us – after yelling our heads off all the evening! Crikey! Money’s a bit tight round these parts, isn’t it?
George: I told you it was too early for carol‐singing. It’s too soon after Guy Fawke’s day.
(Faint distant scream off R.)
Tom : (startled) What was that?
George: What was what?
Tom : That noise – it sounded like a scream.
George: Nonsense.
Alfie : (L) Let’s go home.
George: You chaps do get scared easily. It wouldn’t do for you to be in the club that Bert Williams and I are running. We go out looking for adventures like this.
Ginger: Club? I thought it was a gang.
George: Gangs are getting too common. We have turned ours into a club – “The Do and Dare Club” we call it and no one in it must ever show a sign of fear.
Tom : I shouldn’t think you’d have many members. Why, everybody’s afraid of something – if it’s not one thing, it’s bound to be another.
George: (in a very superior tone) Ours isn’t a club for kids; it’s for daring young fellows keen on adventure. 
Question: 
Convert the extract into a short continuous write‐up in about 120 words. You may begin with: ”George wasn’t afraid of the bull‐dog....” 
Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[4]5.B.2

Read the following extract carefully: 

How happy that daisy was! No one had the least idea. The bird kissed it with its beak, sang to it and then rose again up to the blue sky. It was certainly more than a quarter of an hour before the daisy recovered its sense. Half‐ashamed, yet glad at heart, it looked over to the other flowers in the garden, surely that had witnessed its pleasure and the honour that had been done to it; they understood its joy. But the tulips stood more stiffly than ever, their faces were pointed and red, because they were vexed. The peonies were sulky; it was well that they could not speak; otherwise they would have given the daisy a good lecture. The little flower could very well see that they were ill at ease and pitied them sincerely.
 Questions: 
Extend the extract by adding in imaginary paragraph of your own in about 120 words. 
Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
[12]6 | SECTION • D (Writing Skills)
[4]6.A | Letter W riling: Write ONE of the following letters:
[4]6.A.1

Write an application in response to the advertisement using
information given in the CV provided.   

Situation Vacant

Sman, young Computer Operators I cum Data Entry
Operators having good knowledge of English and
Marathi.

Write to:

The Manager,
Vision Infotech, D.N. Road,
Dhantoli, Nagpur. 

                          CV (Curriculum Vitae) 

Name                      :  Saurabh Akolkar 

Address                  :  25, Parth Society, M. G. Road,
                                  Aurnngabad - 431001 

Age                       : 24 years 

Nationality           : Indian 

Experience          : Working as a Computer Operator at
                            'Wonder Travels', Mumbai 

Academic Achievements: 

Sr. Exams.Passed University/Board Year of Passing Percentage (%)
1. B.Com. Mumbai March-2010 64%
2. MSCIT MKCL 2011 82%
3. Diploma in
Information Technology
MKCL  2012 90%
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[4]6.A.2

Write a letter to the manager of your local bus depot pointing out that there are very few buses on your route in the morning and these are invariably late, thereby causing inconvenience to many junior college students and other passengers. 

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[4]6.B | Write on' any ONE of the following items as directed :
[4]6.B.1

Write on'any ONE of the following items as directed : (4)
(Write a short tourist leaflet on any hill station you know with the help of the following points:
(i) How to reach there?
(ii) Where to stay?
(iii) What to see?
(iv) Shopping attractions.
(v) Add your own points.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[4]6.B.2 | Read the following intro and write a headline, a date- line and a short continuing paragraph (Any One).
[4]6.B.2.i

Read the following intro and write a headline, a date- line and a short continuing paragraph. 

Question:

Intro: The All Mumbai Doctors' Union has announced a
one day token strike on 25th February to protest against
beating of a Residential Medical Officer (RMO) at KEM
Hospital. 

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[4]6.B.2.ii

Read the following intro and write a headline, a date- line and a short continuing paragraph. 

Quetions

Intro: Santacruz police have arrested three people in a case of cheating. The accused are ex-employees of a Parle based fitness centre cal led Yogpower Studio:

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[4]6.C | Write ONE of the items as directed :
[4]6.C.1

Question:

Read the following graph regarding ‘High Awareness but Little Action’ about organ donation. Write a paragraph based on it in about 120 words:

 

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[4]6.C.2

View - Counter-view :
Prepare a paragraph to be used for the Counter-view Section on the following topic (about 120 words).
'Study says homework does not help students score better grades.' 

  View Section
*Homework : Still a Key part of Education•
(i) Jr helps smdents to get betrer standardised test scores.
(ii) It engages the child with his study more effectively.
(iii) Integrates the child with what is going on in the classroom.
(iv) Homework inculcates students with life skills.
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[7]7 | Attempt any one of the following:
[4]7.A | Framing Interview Questions:

Question:

Imagine you are going to interview some important personality. Prepare a set of 8- 10 questions focussing on his I her social behaviour and the activities he I she carries out. 

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
[3]7.B

Speech Writing: 

Write a short speech to be delivered in your college on 'Tree Conservation' on the occasion of 'The World Earth Day,' with the help of the following points (about JOO words):
(I) Air, water and noise pollution.
(2) Depletion of natural resources.
(3) Trees prevent soil erosion.
(4) Live in harmony with nature .  

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill

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