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English 2013-2014 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution

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English
Marks: 80Academic Year: 2013-2014
Date: March 2014

Section - I
[20]1 | (Reading Skills, Vocabulary and Grammar)
[10]1.A

Read the following passage and complete the activities given below:

A1. Name the following: With reference to the passage.
(i) Two people who influenced Mashelkar ________.
(ii) The trust which granted a scholarship to Mashelkar _______.
(iii) The Director of the Board of Tata Motors _______.
(iv) Principal Bhave demonstrated _______.
 
In fact, I remember, my passing the SSC Examination – i.e. 11th standard. Those days it used to be not 10th standard or 12th standard but 11th standard. I stood 11th among 1,35,000 but I was about to leave higher education and find a job. What helped me was the scholarship by Sir Dorab Tata Trust. It was just 60 rupees per month and would you believe that 60 rupees per month from Tatas added so much value to my life that I have been able to stand here today before you to speak to you.
I am on the Board of Tatas now and it is very interesting that the same Bombay House where I used to go to collect that 60 rupees per month now one goes and sits there as a Director on the Board of Tata Motors. The turn that these 40 years have taken is very interesting. It has all been possible because of the chance I got to do higher studies at the insistence of my mother. She gave me the values of my life. She was one of the noblest parents I have met in my life. So, my greatest guru was my mother. My second great guru was Principal Bhave, about whom I made a mention earlier. He taught us Physics. Because it was a poor school, I remember, it had to innovate to convey to the young students the message of Science. I still remember one of the interesting experiences when, on a Friday afternoon, Principal Bhave took us out into the sun to demonstrate to us how to find the focal length of a convex lens. He had a piece of paper here, a convex lens here and he moved it up and down and there was a point when there were a sharp focus and a bright spot on the paper.
He showed the distance between the paper and the lens and said that this distance was the focal length. But then the paper started burning. For some reason, he then turned to me, and said, “Mashelkar, if you focus your energies like this, you can burn anything in the world.”
 
A2. Supply the information from the passage.
(i) Mashelkar could continue his studies because ________.
(ii) The teaching of Principal Bhave’s experiment was ________.
(iii) Mashelkar considers his mother as the greatest Guru because ________.
(iv) The paper started burning because ________.
 
A3 Word Register (from the passage) 
Prepare a word register for the word Education
 
A4 Modal Auxiliary
(i) I used to go to collect 60 rupees per month.
(Rewrite the sentence using Modal Auxiliary ‘would’)
(ii) Reported Speech:
Principal Bhave said, “Mashelkar if you focus your energies like this, you can burn anything in the world.”
(How will Mashelkar report this to his friend?)
 
A5 Personal Response
What is the role played by our parents in shaping our careers?
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
[10]1.B

Read the passage and complete the activities given below
B1 Complete the table :
A few facts about the Mehendi rituals during marriage ceremonies are given below :
Write them into appropriate columns :
(i) A simple family affair.
(ii) Song and dance performances accompanied by lavish food and entertainment.
(iii) Creative family members, apply Mehendi to the bride.
(iv) Beauticians are appointed to apply Mehendi to the bride.
Fill in the table as :

Yesteryears Present times
(i) (i)
(ii) (ii)

Mehendi enjoys special attention during the wedding. In India, the day before the wedding is devoted exclusively to the elaborate ritual of applying Mehendi on the hands and feet of the bride. This practice is followed in Arab countries as well, except that it is held a few days prior to the wedding day. Songs are woven around the healing properties and lucky omens associated with mehndi are sung by the bride’s family and friends. An age-old belief handed down to generations lays great emphasis on the color of the bride’s Mehendi – a darker color suggests bountiful love and affection from the future in-laws and husband, and for this reason, brides take the pain to ensure that only the best quality henna is used for her wedding day.

The ritual of adorning the bride with henna is a sacred one and in some communities requires the initiation by the mother-in-law. A popular game during marriage function is the search for their names, by the bride and groom hidden within the elaborate pattern on the bride’s hands.

In certain parts of India, the bridegroom has his hands decorated with henna. The Mehendi function during marriages has evolved from simple family affairs of yesteryears to elaborate events of today. A lavish spread of food and entertainment in the form of song and dance performances have transformed it from a small function to a gala prelude. In earlier days, the task of applying Mehendi on the bride was the sole prerogative of creative family members. The demand for intricate and different style now, sees this job outsourced to beauticians skilled in this art. Beauty salons charge according to the style and complexity of pattern desired by the clients.

B2 What is the age-old belief related to the bride’s Mehendi color and its significance?

B3 Find the words :

Find the words from the passage :

The first letter of each word is given as a clue :
(i) Nowadays a lot of e .......... is given to the use of Information Technology in school.
(ii) Temples and mosques exhibit i .......... carving on their walls.
(iii) The minister announced the i .......... of the National Polio Eradication Programme.
(iv) Villages have t .......... to towns.
 
B4 Complete the table : 
Noun Verd Adjectives
(i) attention attend _______________
(ii) creation _________________ creative
Select any one word and use it meaningfully in a sentence of your own.
 
B5 Personal Response :
A lot of money is spent nowadays on marriage ceremonies. What is your opinion about it? 
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
[20]2
[10]2.A

Read the following passage and complete the activities given below :

A1 Find out :
Find from the passage the related words to the sea and write them.

ON FIERCE monsoon nights, about one and a quarter-mile off the Mumbai harbor, there have been occasions when 52-year-old Bikaji Ramchandra Dhuri is the only man on the sea. From the watchtower of the Prongs Reef Lighthouse, which is surrounded on all sides by the Arabian Sea, he has heard the sea rage like a possessed spirit – the darkness dispelled only by the beam of light flung across the waters from the tower he mans.

Dhuri is one of the last breeds of lighthouse keepers on the Indian coast, as a majority of the 182 lighthouses in the country are now unmanned. Built-in 1871, the Prongs Reef lighthouse was modeled on Scotland’s  Skerryvore Rocks Lighthouse and is located at a strategic spot on the western coast, marking the entrance to the busy Mumbai Harbour. It was meant to stem the number of shipwrecks off the harbor, which the lone Colaba lighthouse could not illumine on its own. “Even now, during nights, for fishing vessels without any gadgets, it’s the soft light from this tower which directs us to Mumbai,” says Vinayak Koli, a boatsman who helps ferry people and also goes on fishing expeditions.

Throughout the year, Dhuri lives in the lighthouse for 15 days at a stretch, when he is relieved by another keeper. In the monsoon, it becomes his home for three months. “We call it the Kalapana as we are alone in the middle of the sea for days, with basic supplies – and the revolving light that keeps the sea awake,” he says.

A2 Fill in the following information using words from the passage :
(i) The Prongs Reef lighthouse was modeled on _______.
(ii) Dhuri lives in the lighthouse for _______ at a stretch.
(iii) _______ is one of the last breeds of lighthouse keepers on the Indian coast.
(iv) The majority of the _______ lighthouses in the country are now unmanned.

A3 Read the words and find out the similar meaning words from the passage :
Violent Scattered Place of shelter for ships Shine light

A4
(i) “We call it Kalapani as we are alone in the middle of the sea for days”, he says. (Use ‘that’ and rewrite the sentence)
(ii) It was meant to stem the number of shipwrecks of the harbor.
(a) was it? (b) wasn’t it? (c) is it?
(Select the proper tag and rewrite the sentence)

A5 Personal Response
Imagine you have to spend a night in a lighthouse. Narrate your experience.
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
[10]2.B

Read the passage and complete the activities given below :
B1 Pick out 
The correct answers from the statements given below:

(i) All parts of the human body receive blood from the:
(a) lungs (b) heart (c) stomach (d) liver
 
(ii) The portion of the heart which doesn’t receive proper blood supply becomes:
(a) strong (b) dead (c) weak (d) diseased
 
(iii) Angina results from the weakening of the:
(a) heart (b) liver (c) stomach (d) lungs

(iv) The heart receives its own blood supply through the:
(a) veins (b) lumen (c) fat (d) coronary arteries

Coronary bypass surgery is undoubtedly a very significant achievement of modern medical science. But one ponders over certain pertinent questions such as the cost involved and the ultimate benefit.
The human heart is nothing but a four-chambered muscular pump that supplies blood to all parts of the body. Being an active pump, the heart itself requires a lot of energy and receives its own blood supply via certain vessels called coronary arteries. By a process called “atherosclerosis”, fat particles are deposited on the inner wall of the lumen of the coronary arteries which eventually reduce the size of the lumen and produce obstruction to the free flow of blood. The portion of the heart which suffers from lack of blood supply becomes weaker as a pump and gives rise to a typical chest pain called “angina”. When such blockage is total, the corresponding heart muscle dies and then one suffers a “heart attack”. In all these circumstances, heart surgeons perform a special type of operation known as “coronary bypass surgery”.
In this surgery, a blood vessel is taken (usually from the leg of the patient) and then grafted on the heart in such a way that when blood flows through, it bypasses the narrow segment of the diseased coronary artery. The concept is to divert the flow from the narrow artery, inside which there is already a ‘traffic congestion’ and in this respect, it is synonymous with road bypass.

B2 Fill in the gaps with the information given in the passage :
(i) The number of chambers of the human heart is _______.
 
(ii) Name the process by which fat particles are deposited within coronary arteries
_______.
 
(iii) When a heart muscle dies, due to total blockage one suffers from a _______.
 
(iv) To prevent heart attack Surgeons perform _______.
 
B3  Find meanings
Which words in the passage have the following meanings?
(i) think over
 
(ii) relevant
 
(iii) turn in another direction
 
(iv) a tube carrying fluid.
 
B4 
(i) Coronary bypass surgery is undoubtedly a very significant achievement of modern science. (Use ‘which’ and rewrite the sentence.)
 
(ii) The heart surgeons perform a special type of operation.
(Begin your sentence with ‘A special type of operation _______’)

B5 Personal Response
What do you do to keep your heart healthy?
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
[10]3
[5]3.A

Read the following extract carefully and complete the activities given below :
A1 Complete the following : 
(i)
Books were found on the _____________ and ____________.
(ii) The tales are described as ______________ and __________.

 

Have you forgotten? Don't you know?
We'll say it very loud and slow:
THEY ... USED ... TO ... READ! They'd READ and READ,
AND READ and READ, and then proceed
To READ some more. Great Scott! Gadzooks!
One-half of their lives was reading books!
The nursery shelves held books galore!
Books cluttered up the nursery floor!
And in the bedroom, by the bed,
More books were waiting to be read!
Such wondrous, fine, fantastic tales
Of dragons, gypsies, queens, and whales
And treasure isles, and distant shores
Where smugglers rowed with muffled oars,
And pirates wearing purple pants,
And sailing ships and elephants,
And cannibals crouching 'round the pot,
Stirring away at something hot.
(It smells so good, what can it be?
Good gracious, it's Penelope.)
 
A2  What kind of books does the poet mention?

A3  Poetic Device :
THEY ... USED ... TO ... READ! They'd READ and READ,
AND READ and READ, and then proceed
Which words are repeated?

The figure of speech is _______________
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
[5]3.B

Read the following extract of the poem and complete the activities given below :

B1 State which of the following statements are

True or False :
(i) The elderly are nearest to our own exalted personality.
(ii) The elderly are those persons whose growth is stunted.
(iii) We should know our elderly people well, in order to receive guidance.
(iv) The elderly hold on to the frivolous aspects of life.

“Oh, the value of the elderly! How could anyone not know?
They hold so many keys, so many things they can show.
We all will read the other side this I firmly believe
And the elderly are closest oh what clues we could retrieve.
For their characters are closest to how we’ll be on high.
They are the ones most developed, you can see it if you try.
They’ve let go of the frivolous and kept things that are dear.
The memories of so sweet, of loved ones that were near.
As a nation, we are missing our greatest true resource,
To get to know our elders and let them guide our course”.
 
B2 Give Reason
Elderly people should be around us. Justify.
 
B3  Rhyme Scheme
The rhyme scheme for the first four lines is _______
(a) abab
(b) abb
(c) abba
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
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SECTION – III
[5]4 | Rapid Reading

Read the passage carefully and complete the activities given below :
A1 True or False

(i) Cross-cutting swords were used to seal the wall.
(ii) Hearing Mataprasad’s footsteps the cobra glided out of the wall.

                                               Passage
“Go, tell Neel,” I whispered to Akhil. “Tell him to get help.
”While I waited, I prayed that Rex would not make any sudden movements. The cobra would lash out in swift, sure revenge. I do not know how long I stood there, riveted by the horrifying tableau being enacted before me. At last, I heard footsteps coming along the passage. It was Mataprasad, the mali, with a solid reassuring stick.

At the sound of his approach, the cobra lowered its head and glided out of a hole in the wall.
 
The next day, masons came to seal the hole through which the cobra had slid in. And men in gumboots armed with scythes and grass-cutting swords cleaned up the compound. They hacked away at the tall grass. And what had lain hidden for years surfaced. For instance, we discovered that someone had laid out a badminton court many years ago. And we discovered a grave. It was a small grave, close to the boundary wall. There was a moss blackened stone at its head with just the faintest trace of the words engraved on it. We identified the words with our fingers.

A2  Mention the two things that were found when the tall grass was hacked.

A3 The narrator prayed that Rex should not make any sudden movements meets. Explain giving reasons.
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Chapter: [0.01] Reading Skill (Textual and non-textual)
SECTION : IV
[10]5 | Writing Skills
[5]5.A | A1 or A2: Do any one of the following activities:
[5]5.A.i
Look at the following news and write a letter to your sister encouraging her to develop a terrace garden.

House Garbage to cultivate garden Pune: Mrs. Lele of Sahakar Nagar used the wet garbage from the kitchen, to develop a garden. She has planted flower plants as well as vegetables. She derived sheer joy and gets fresh veggies.
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
OR
[5]5.A.ii
Look at the handout below. Write a letter to the organizers asking for details as you want to participate in it.
 
Save the Planet
  • A mammoth rally to be organized to save the Environment.
  • School children to participate
  • Free T-shirts and gifts for participants
  • Social duty of every citizen
  • Contact for the details:
  • Save the Planet Mission, Orange City Appts., Nagpur
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
[5]5.B | B1 or B2: Do any one of the following activities:
[5]5.B.i

Read the following leaflet and prepare a report for news.

Blood Donation Camp

.i. arranged on the Independence Day
ii. Dr. R. C. Patil will inaugurate
iii. Free medical check-up before blood donation
iv. Nutritious refreshments served for donors.
v. Attend one and all
vi. Organized by EST Hospital, Raviwar Peth, Pune.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
[5]5.B.ii
Develop a dialogue between a doctor and a patient using the points given in the balloons. Add your own points.
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
[10]6
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[5]6.A |  A1 or A2: Do any one of the following activities.
[5]6.A.i

Information Transfer (Non-verbal to Verbal):

Transfer the given information into a paragraph.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
OR
[5]6.A.ii

Read the following passage and complete the table

Dialect is a form of a language spoken in one area which may be different from other forms of the same language. Each language has dialects which change every few kilometers. India is a multi-lingual country. Each state follows its own language as official language. For example, Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra, while Ahirani, Wharadi, Konkani and Malwani are its dialects. Several languages in India are spoken but do not have any script. In Karnataka, Kannada is the official language. Tulu is spoken in Karnataka but has no script. In England, English is the official language while Scottish, spoken in Scotland and Welsh spoken in Wales are dialects of English.

State Official language Dialects Spoken/
Without script
Maharashtra Marathi    
Karnataka      
England      
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
[5]6.B | B1 or B2: Do any one of the following activities:
[5]6.B.i | Speech Writing

Prepare a speech to be delivered by you at children’s day celebration, laying stress on “Today’s Children - Future of India”.

Care of children's education Health care Inspiring them the national value Motivate them to become a good citizen
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
OR
[5]6.B.ii | View and Counter-view
a paragraph on the counter-view of ‘Benefits of Using Helmets’.
Counterview: 
(1) Expensive
(2) Inconvenient to carry
(3) Feeling of suffocation
(4) Risky on busy roads.
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
[5]7 | Developing a story
[5]7.A

Expand any one of the following ideas into two paragraphs:
(1) Nothing succeeds like success.

(2) Your safety is first your responsibility.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
OR
[5]7.B

Develop a story wherein any one of the above ideas is moral. Suggest a suitable title.
1. The power of success
2. Your safety is in your own hand

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Writing skill
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