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English Set D 2015-2016 HSC Science (Computer Science) 12th Board Exam Question Paper Solution

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English [Set D]
Marks: 80Academic Year: 2015-2016
Date: July 2016

Section A
[15]1 | (Reading Skill, Grammar, Vocabulary, Note-making and Summary)
[11]1.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given
below:

So what is a city? It's a dense amalgamation of buildings and people. A city must provide equity and also be sustainable. As an architect who has been closely connected with Delhi and its planning, my wish list is more about the direction we need to take
so that future generations don't end up living in chaotic dysfunctional cities.

The first requirement for a city is a pragmatic plan. Many of our cities such as Delhi and Bhubaneshwar and even Port Blair in the Andamans have reasonably good master plans. Many also have City Development Plans which have been made an essential
requirement to draw funds from the government's Urban Renewal Programme (JNNURM). But they should be updated frequently based on the changing needs of its people.

And let's not forget its citizens-they need to be more proactively involved when evolving master plans. But often, there's a lack of planning and inadequate implementation systems. This applies to all essential components of city-streets, public transport system, traffic management, affordable housing, cars and parking, drainage, water supply, sewerage, and garbage. Any deficiency in these will lead to poor quality cities which won't be able to handle the pressure of increased population and changing needs.
The second requirement of a good city is good social infrastructure such as parks and places for leisure such as river and sea fronts. It needs to preserve and protect its heritage.

(1) What does a city require to emerge as a good city?

(2) What is the second requirement of a good city?

(3) What are the basic requirements to draw funds from the government's-Urban Renewal programme (JNNURM)?

(4) What suggestions will you give to make your city ideal?

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:

(i) It's a dense amalgamation of buildings and people.
(Rewrite it using 'as well as'.)
(ii) A city must provide equity and also be sustainable.
(Rewrite it using another modal auxiliary showing "advice".)
(iii) The first requirement for a city is a pragmatic plan.
(Frame a 'Wh' ·question to get the underlined part as an answer.)

(6) Match the words in column 'A' with their meaning in 'B':

Column A Column B
1 pragmatic 1 blend
2 amalgamation 2 fantastic
  3 realistic
  4 ancient
Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skill
[4]1.B

Grammar: Do as directed 

(i) Madhu is _________ model and _________ artist.
(Fill in the blanks with suitable articles)

(ii) Meet me ________ 10.30 a.m _________ monday.
(Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions)

(iii) Teacher: How far is your home from your college?
Rupali: More than 2 km; Sir.
(Change it into indirect narration)

Concept: Grammar
Chapter: [0.06] Grammar
[15]2
[11]2.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below :

But being named an 'AdarshGaon · is far from easy. Villages had to give a proposal after Which a committee headed by Mr. Pawar inspected the villages. "The villages had to show dedication in the struggle to fight mediocrity. They had to follow all the conditions of becoming an 'AdarshGaon '. We chose villages with a revolutionary spark." Mr. Pawar says. 

Villages need to follow strict rules. The process begins with effective water managc1nent through the watershed technique and Water auditing. taking responsibility for the village's natural resources -phmting trees and stopping grazing, contributing labour for the village Work, and then expanding to bring about behavioral changes in the people for harbouring social change. Hiware Bazaar is free of any kind of addiction and there are no liquor or tobacco shops in the village. Vasectomy has been made co1npulsory. as is the pre-marital HIV test. 

The 'AdarshGaon · n1odcl prides itself of being based on the joint decisions made by the (Gram Sabha, Where all the villagers are present. Even while selecting the new villages under the scheme, Mr. Pawar made sure that the decision to become an ideal village was taken by the entire village together. 

The greatest victory for Hiware Bazaar so far has been the reverse migration that the village has witnessed since 1989. As many as 93 families have come back to the village, "from the slums in Mumbai and Pune." Mr. Pawar says. 

(1) What features of 'AdarshGaon' are given in this extract?
(2) What is the procedure for selecting 'AdarshGaon'?
(3) What is the greatest victory for Hiware Bazaar? 
(4) Do you think all villages in Maharashtra should follow the ideals of Hiware Bazaar? Why? 
(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the Ways instructed : 

(i) Mr. Pawar inspected the villages. 
(Rewrite it using the noun form of the word underlined.)
(ii) Vasectomy has been made compulsory by the villagers.
(Rewrite it beginning with -"The villagers ........ ".) 
(iii) There are no liquor or tobacco shops in the village. 
(Rewrite it using 'neither ........ nor'.)

(6) Find out the words from the extract which mean : 

(i) causing a great change 
(ii) the quality of being average

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skill
[4]2.B | Note-making

Read the following extract and complete the table given below about 'Types of Diseases':

         Health is defined as not simply the absence of disease. It involves a state of feeling well, both in body and in mind. 

      The diseases may be classified into the following types, Some diseases are present at birth. They are called congenital diseases. They may develop during pregnancy or are inherited, Some of them may be caused by environmental factors. Examples of congenital diseases are Down's syndrome, sickle cell anaemia, cystic fibrosis, haemophilia, etc.

      Some diseases are acquired by humans themselves and hence are called Self-Inflicted or Acquired diseases. Examples of acquired diseases are coronary heart diseases, hypertension.

      Some diseases are transmitted from one person to another. They are called as Communicable or Infectious diseases. They are caused by biological agents, Examples of communicable diseases are Cholera, Typhoid, Measles, Malaria, etc.

      Non- communicable diseases are caused by exogenous factors like physical, chemical, nutritional deficiencies. The examples are Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets, etc.  

                                                Title

Sr.No. Types  Causes

Examples

1. Congenital

o

develop during pregnancy

o environmental factors 

 
2. Self-Inflicted Acquired   Coronary heart disease. hypertension
3.   By biological agents Cholera, typhoid, measles, malaria
4.  Non-communicable diseases   Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
[15]3
[15]3.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below: 

  To read a lot is essential. It is stupid not to venture outside the examination 'set books' or the textbooks you have chosen for intensive study. Read as many books in English as you can., not as a duty but for pleasure. Do not close the most difficult books you find, with the idea of listing and learning as many new words as possible. choose what is likely to interest you and be sure in advance, that it is not too hard. You should not have to be constantly looking up new words in the dictionary, for that deadens interest and checks real learning. Lookup a word here and there, but as a general policy try to push ahead. guessing what words mean from the context. It is extensive and not intensive reading that normally helps you to get interested in extra reading and thereby improve your English. You should enjoy the feeling which extensive reading gives. As you read, you will become more and more familiar with words and sentence patterns you already know, understanding them better and better as you meet them in more and more contexts, some of which may differ only slightly from others. 

       Some people say that we cannot learn to speak a language better with the help of a book. To believe that the spoken language and written language are quite different things. This is not so.    

Questions:

(1) What does the author tell us about the importance of reading English?

(2) What different steps are suggested to improve reading?

(3) What do some people say about learning the spoken form of a language?

(4) What will you do to improve your English?

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed: 

i. To read a lot is essential. 

(Rewrite using gerund form of the words underlined.)

ii. Some people say that we cannot learn to speak a language better with the help of a book.

(Rewrite it using 'be able to'.)

iii. It is extensive. 

(Make it a Rhetorical question.) 

(6) You should not have to be constantly looking up new words in the dictionary, for that deadens interest and checks real learning.

The underlined word here means: 

(i) develops

(ii) deprives of 

(iii) creates

(B) Write a summary of the above extract with the help of the outline given below and suggest a suitable title. 

Read a lot --- outside the textbooks --- for pleasure --- avoid difficult books ---read interesting ones --- avoid dictionary --- guess meanings --- extensive and not intensive reading --- different opinions. 

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skill
Section - B
[8]4 | Poetry
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[4]4.A

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
Old women once
were continents.
They had deep woods in them,
lakes, mountains, volcanoes even,
even raging gulfs.
When the earth was in heat
they melted, shrank,
leaving only their maps.
You can fold them
and keep them handy:
who knows, they might help you find
your way home.

Question
(1) For what purpose did the old women leave their 'maps' behind them?

(2) How can old people be helpful to us?

(3) Name and explain the figure of speech in the following lines:
Old women once
were continents.

(4) Make a list of geographical expressions from the extract.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
[4]4.B

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:

Not gold but only men can make
A people great and strong;
Men who for truth and honor's sake
Stand fast and suffer long.

Brave men who work while others sleep,
Who dare while others fly ...
They build a nation's pillars deep
And lift them to the sky.

(1) What qualities of people according to poet, are essential to build a nation?

(2) “Not gold but only men make A people great and strong” Do you agree? Explain.

(3) Name and explain the figure of speech in the line “ Stand fast and suffer long”.

(4) What is the underlying message of the extract

Concept: Reading Skill
Chapter: [0.03] Reading Skill
Section-C
[8]5 | Rapid Reading and Composition
[4]5.A | Composition:
[4]5.B
[4]5.B.i
OR
[4]5.B.ii
Section-D
[12]6 | Written Composition
[4]6.A | Letter Writing: Write any one of the following letters:
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[4]6.A.i

Mr. Manoj S. Patil, age 26, M.Tech, Electrical from 'Manas', Om Colony, Vidhyavihar, Nagpur wants to apply in response to the following advertisement. Prepare a job application.

Wanted
Manager, well qualified,
experienced in administration,
Apply to:
The Director,
Shriram Industries Ltd., Akola.
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
OR
[4]6.A.ii

You intend to make a general awareness among people about the hazardous effects of plastic carry-bags.

Write a letter to the Editors of a newspaper Highlighting the improper disposal of plastic carry-bags and also suggest some solutions to solve this problem.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
[4]6.B | Write on any one of the following items:
[4]6.B.i

Prepare a short tourist leaflet on any hill-station you have visited with the held of points given below:

(i) How to reach there?

(ii) Accommodation.

(iii) Worth-seeing places.

(iv) Specialties.

(v) Add your own points. 

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
OR
[4]6.B.ii

Write a report about the celebration of the 'Republic Day' at your college.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
[4]6.C | Answer any one of the following:
[4]6.C.i

Read the following tree-diagram and prepare a short paragraph regarding 'Soil Erosion'. 

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
OR
[4]6.C.ii

Prepare a paragraph to be used for the counter view-section on the following topic:

"There should be a dress-code for Junior College students."
You can take the help of the following points in the view-section.

View Section
Dress-code is essential today.
  • Essential for discipline.
  • Maintains equality - no superior, no inferior.
  • Easy to recognize students.
  • Students involved in anti-social activities can be recognized.
  • Prevention from bad habits.
Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
[7]7
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[4]7.A

The election of your village ‘Gram Panchayat’ is just over. You have to take an interview of the newly elected ‘Sarpanch’. Frame at least 8 questions related to his future planning for the welfare of your village.

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
[3]7.B

You are the captain of your college cricket team. You have your final match on Sunday. Your teammates are nervous. Prepare a speech motivating them to face the challenge courageously. (About 100 words)

Concept: Writing Skill
Chapter: [0.04] Writing Skill
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