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Political Science Set 1 2021-2022 ISC (Science) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science [Set 1]
Marks: 40 Academic Year: 2021-2022
Date: April 2022
Duration: 1h30m
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Note :

  1. Candidates are allowed an additional 10 minutes for only reading the paper.
  2. They must NOT start writing during this time.
  3. Answer all questions in Section A, Section B and Section C.
  4. The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets. [ ]

SECTION - A
[8] 1
[1] 1.i

______ implies pro-active approach of the judiciary towards prevailing socio-economic and political apathy in the country.

Concept: Judicial Activism
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
[1] 1.ii

The words Secular, Socialist and Integrity were added in the Preamble of the constitution of India by ______ amendment act 1976.

Concept: Preamble of Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.07] Indian Constitution
[1] 1.iii

______ of the total seats have been reserved for women in Panchayati Raj by the 73rd Amendment Act.

Concept: 73rd Amendments
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
[3] 1.iv
[1] 1.iv.a

Writ of ‘Habeas Corpus’ is applicable even to those persons who are detained under preventive detention law like MISA, POTA, TADA etc.

True

False

Concept: Characteristics of Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.07] Indian Constitution
[1] 1.iv.b

Fundamental rights are enjoyed by the citizens of India without any restrictions.

True

False

Concept: Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.08] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[1] 1.iv.c

Twelfth schedule in the constitution was added by the 73rd Amendment Act 1992.

True

False

Concept: 73rd Amendments
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
[1] 1.v

Which of the following Directive Principles of State Policy has not been implemented?

Free and compulsory education

Uniform civil code

Nationalisation

Abolition of bonded labour

Concept: Directive Principles of State Policy
Chapter: [0.08] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
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[1] 1.vi

Who is in-charge of the administration of Municipal Corporation?

Mayor

Deputy Mayor

Chief Executive Officer

Chief Minister

Concept: Rural and Urban Local Bodies - Composition Features of 73rd and 74th Amendments
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
SECTION - B
[2] 2

What is meant by the doctrine of implied powers?

Concept: Judiciary in India and U.S.A
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary

Which case under the doctrine of implied powers led to the origin of judicial review in USA?

Concept: Judiciary in India and U.S.A
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
[2] 3

What does Single Citizenship mean as one of the features of the Indian Constitution?

Concept: Characteristics of Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.07] Indian Constitution
[2] 4

Explain any three features of a parliamentary form of government.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [0.01] Forms of Government
[2] 5
[2] 5.i

Which type of judiciary does Indian constitution establish? What does it signify?

Concept: Characteristics of Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.07] Indian Constitution
OR
[2] 5.ii

What is the Advisory function of the Supreme Court in India?

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
[2] 6

Why is Local Self Government necessary?

Concept: Rural and Urban Local Bodies - Composition Features of 73rd and 74th Amendments
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
[2] 7

Answer the question briefly.
What is meant by regionalism in the context of Indian Democracy?

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Regionalism
Chapter: [0.1] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
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SECTION - C
[4] 8

Briefly evaluate the relevance of the Indian Judiciary as an independent organ of the Government. With the help of any two measures, explain how its independence can be ensured?

Concept: Conditions of Independence of Judiciary
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
[4] 9

Differentiate between the Provisions of Part III and Part IV of the Indian Constitution.

Concept: Characteristics of Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.07] Indian Constitution
[4] 10
[1] 10.i

Read the passage given below and answer the question that follow.

Mohan is in tenth standard. His father got transferred and the family moved to Delhi from Guwahati, Assam. Mohan has been denied admission in any nearby school as his father could not afford fees. Also, to his dismay, schools were unexpectedly shut due to bad air quality index in Delhi region.

Which Fundamental Right of Mohan has been violated in the given situation?

Concept: Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.08] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[1] 10.ii

Read the passage given below and answer the question that follow.

Mohan is in tenth standard. His father got transferred and the family moved to Delhi from Guwahati, Assam. Mohan has been denied admission in any nearby school as his father could not afford fees. Also, to his dismay, schools were unexpectedly shut due to bad air quality index in Delhi region.

Why is this Fundamental Right important?

Concept: Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.08] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[2] 10.iii

Read the passage given below and answer the question that follow.

Mohan is in tenth standard. His father got transferred and the family moved to Delhi from Guwahati, Assam. Mohan has been denied admission in any nearby school as his father could not afford fees. Also, to his dismay, schools were unexpectedly shut due to bad air quality index in Delhi region.

Which Fundamental Right empowers Mohan and the other students to fight for the violation of their Fundamental Rights? Briefly explain.

Concept: Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.08] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[4] 11
[4] 11.i

Discuss the role of the Zila Parishad in the development of the rural sector of India.

Concept: Rural and Urban Local Bodies - Composition Features of 73rd and 74th Amendments
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
OR
[4] 11.ii

Discuss any four features of the 74th Amendment Act.

Concept: 74th Amendments
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
[4] 12

Answer briefly the following question.

What is casteism?

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Caste
Chapter: [0.1] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced

Briefly discuss the adverse role of Casteism in Indian Politics.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Caste
Chapter: [0.1] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced

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