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Political Science Set 1 2017-2018 ISC (Arts) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science [Set 1]
Marks: 80 Academic Year: 2017-2018
Date: March 2018
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  • Answer Question 1 (Compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II, choosing two questions from Section A, two questions from Section B and one question from either Section A or Section B.

PART I
[20] 1 | Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (x)
[2] 1.i

Answer the question briefly.
India is described as a federal state with subsidiary unitary features. Identify two of these unitary features.

Concept: Unitary and Federal States
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[2] 1.ii

Answer the question briefly.
What are the conventions?

Concept: Conventions - Meaning and Examples with Reference to U.K., U.S.A. and India
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[2] 1.iii

Answer the question briefly.
Distinguish between direct and indirect elections.

Concept: Methods of Election - Direct and Indirect
Chapter: [1.03] Franchise and Representation
[2] 1.iv

Answer the question briefly.
Explain the composition of the U. S. Senate.

Concept: Comparison of the Rajya Sabha and the U.S. Senate
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[2] 1.v

Answer the question briefly.
State two legislative powers of the President of India.

Concept: Legislative Functions
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[2] 1.vi

Answer the question briefly.
What is meant by Judicial Review?

Concept: Judicial Review
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[2] 1.vii

Answer the question briefly.
What is the purpose of Directive Principles in the Indian Constitution?

Concept: Directive Principles of State Policy
Chapter: [3.02] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[2] 1.viii

Answer the question briefly.
Mention any two words that were added to the Preamble by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution of India.

Concept: Characteristics of Indian Constitution
Chapter: [3.01] Indian Constitution
[2] 1.ix

Answer the question briefly.
What is meant by regionalism in the context of Indian Democracy?

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Regionalism
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
[2] 1.x

Answer the question briefly.
With respect to the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India, what is the significance of the Eleventh Schedule?

Concept: 73rd Amendments
Chapter: [3.03] Local self-government
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Part II Section - A
[12] 2 | Answer any three questions
[6] 2.i

Answer the question briefly.
Explain three differences between parliamentary and presidential forms of government.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[6] 2.ii

Answer the question briefly.
Explain four features of an Authoritarian State.

Concept: Totalitarian and Authoritarian States
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[12] 3
[6] 3.i

Answer the question briefly.

Explain the following kinds of constitutions : 
(i) Written
(ii) Unwritten
(iii) Enacted
(iv) Evolved

Concept: Kinds of Constitutions - Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible, Enacted and Evolved
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[6] 3.ii

Answer the question briefly.
Is the distinction between a written constitution and an unwritten constitution a real one? Discuss.

Concept: Kinds of Constitutions - Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible, Enacted and Evolved
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[12] 4
[6] 4.i

Answer the question briefly.
What is a political party? Explain four functions of political parties.

Concept: Political Parties
Chapter: [1.03] Franchise and Representation
[6] 4.ii

Answer the question briefly.
Explain two merits and two demerits of a multi-party system.

Concept: Kinds of Party System - Single Party, Bi-party, Multi-party System
Chapter: [1.03] Franchise and Representation
[12] 5
[6] 5.i

Answer the question.
Explain three functions of the Lok Sabha.

Concept: Composition and Powers of the House of Representatives and the Senate, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
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[6] 5.ii

Answer the question.
Discuss the changing role of the Prime Minister of India in the coalition era. 

Concept: Changing Role of the Indian Prime Minister in the Coalition Era (1996 Onwards) - with Reference to Increasing Role of Regional Political Parties
Chapter: [2.02] The Executive
[12] 6
[6] 6.i

Answer the question.
Distinguish between judicial activism and judicial restraint.

Concept: Judicial Activism
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[6] 6.ii

Answer the question
Critically examine any three powers of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
Section B
[12] 7 | Answer any two questions.
[6] 7.i

Answer the question.
Discuss any three salient features of the Constitution of India.

Concept: Salient Features of the Indian Constitution - Written and Comprehensive
Chapter: [3.01] Indian Constitution
[6] 7.ii

Answer the question.
Explain any three rights conferred under the Right to Freedom of Religion in the Constitution of India. (Articles 25-28).

Concept: Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter: [3.02] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[12] 8
[6] 8.i

Answer the question.
Explain the Three-Tier system of Panchayati Raj under the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India.

Concept: Three Tier Structure Panchayati Raj
Chapter: [3.03] Local self-government
[6] 8.ii

Answer the question.
Discuss three challenges faced by rural local self-government after the passage of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India.

Concept: Challenges and Solutions
Chapter: [3.03] Local self-government
[12] 9
[6] 9.i

Answer the question.
Explain the meaning of communalism and discuss its effects on the functioning of Indian democracy.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Communalism
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
[6] 9.ii

Answer the question.
Discuss the role of caste in Indian politics.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Caste
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
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