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Political Science Set 1 2016-2017 ISC (Commerce) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science [Set 1]
Marks: 80 Academic Year: 2016-2017
Date & Time: 25th March 2017, 2:00 pm
Duration: 3h
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1. Attempt any three questions from Section A
2. Attempt any two questions from Section B.


Part - I
[20] 1
[2] 1.a

Discuss any three features of a liberal democratic state.

Concept: Liberal Democratic State
Chapter: [0.01] Forms of Government
[2] 1.b

Distinguish between a flexible constitution and a rigid constitution.

Concept: Kinds of Constitutions - Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible, Enacted and Evolved
Chapter: [0.02] Constitution
[2] 1.c

Distinguish between the bi-party system and a multi-party system.

Concept: Kinds of Constitutions - Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible, Enacted and Evolved
Chapter: [0.02] Constitution
[2] 1.d

Give one reason why it is important for a federal state to have a bicameral legislature.

Concept: Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures
Chapter: [0.04] The Legislature
[2] 1.e

Distinguish between political executive and permanent executive.

Concept: Difference Between the Political Executive and the Permanent Executive
Chapter: [0.05] The Executive
[2] 1.f

In which landmark case was judicial review first exercised by the Supreme Court of the United States?

Concept: Judicial Review
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
[2] 1.g

Why is November 26 celebrated as Constitution Day in India? 

Concept: Meaning of Constitution
Chapter: [0.02] Constitution
[2] 1.h

Which fundamental right was removed by the 44th Constitutional Amendment ?

Concept: Amending Procedures
Chapter: [0.02] Constitution
[2] 1.i

Briefly explain the composition of the Zilla Parishad.

Concept: Introduction and Composition of Judiciary
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
[2] 1.j

Explain the meaning of communalism, in the Indian context.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Communalism
Chapter: [0.1] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
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Part - II Section A
[12] 2 | Answer any three questions.
[6] 2.a

What are the characteristics of a federal state?

Concept: Unitary and Federal States
Chapter: [0.01] Forms of Government
[6] 2.b

Explain why India is characterized as a quasi-federal state.

Concept: Unitary and Federal States
Chapter: [0.01] Forms of Government
[12] 3
[6] 3.a

Discuss three merits and three demerits of the First-Past-the-Post system.

Concept: First Past the Post System
Chapter: [0.03] Franchise and Representation
[6] 3.b

Explain the rationale for minority representation in the legislature.

Concept: Minority Representation
Chapter: [0.03] Franchise and Representation
[12] 4
[6] 4.a

Explain the important functions of the Lok Sabha.

Concept: Composition and Powers of the House of Representatives and the Senate, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
Chapter: [0.04] The Legislature
[6] 4.b

Compare the relative positions of the Rajya Sabha and the United States Senate in their respective systems.

Concept: Comparison of the Rajya Sabha and the U.S. Senate
Chapter: [0.04] The Legislature
[12] 5
[6] 5.a

Explain how the President of the United States is elected.

Concept: Powers and Functions of Executive Heads of U.S.A. (President)
Chapter: [0.05] The Executive
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[6] 5.b

Discuss briefly, the limitations that the Constitution of the United States places on the powers of the President.

Concept: Discretionary Power of the President
Chapter: [0.05] The Executive
[12] 6
[6] 6.a

Explain the original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India.

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
[6] 6.b

Do you agree with the view that the Supreme Court of India is the most powerful apex court in the world ? Explain the reasons for your answer. 

Concept: Judiciary in India and U.S.A
Chapter: [0.06] The Judiciary
Section B
[12] 7 | Answer any TWO questions.
[6] 7.a

Explain the rights conferred under Right to Freedom (Article 19). 

Concept: Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter: [0.08] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[6] 7.b

Explore the relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.

Concept: Relationship Between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
Chapter: [0.08] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[12] 8
[6] 8.a

Explain the main features of the 74th Amendment to the Indian Constitution, relating to urban local self-government institutions.

Concept: Rural and Urban Local Bodies - Composition Features of 73rd and 74th Amendments
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
[6] 8.b

Discuss three challenges faced by Panchayati Raj institutions in India.

Concept: Three Tier Structure Panchayati Raj
Chapter: [0.09] Local self-government
[12] 9
[6] 9.a

Explain three forms of political violence in India and comment briefly on the causes of each.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Political Violence
Chapter: [0.1] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
[6] 9.b

Identify three challenges facing Indian democracy and explore how these can be overcome.

Concept: Strengthening Indian Democracy - Measures to Overcome the Challenges Faced by Indian Democracy
Chapter: [0.1] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced

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