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Political Science Set 1 2014-2015 ISC (Commerce) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science [Set 1]
Marks: 80 Academic Year: 2014-2015
Date: March 2015
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1. Question One is compulsory  from Part I
2. Attempt any Five Questions from Part II
3. Choose Two Questions from Section A and Two Questions from Section B and One Question from either Section A or Section B of Part II


Part - I (Compulsory)
[30] 1
[2] 1.a

Answer briefly the question

State Aristotle’s Theory of Cyclic Change.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[2] 1.b

Answer briefly of the following question.

Give an example of a Federal State and a Quasi Federal State.

Concept: Unitary and Federal States
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[2] 1.c

Answer briefly of the following question.

Mention any two merits of a Parliamentary System of Government.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[2] 1.d

Answer briefly of the following question.

State any two conventions of the written constitution of the United States of America.

Concept: Conventions - Meaning and Examples with Reference to U.K., U.S.A. and India
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[2] 1.e

Answer briefly of the following question.

Define the cumulative vote system.

Concept: Minority Representation
Chapter: [1.03] Franchise and Representation
[2] 1.f

Answer briefly the following question.

Explain the meaning of Psychological Basis for the organization of political parties

Concept: Political Parties
Chapter: [1.03] Franchise and Representation
[2] 1.g

Answer briefly the following question.

Flow has the judicial review undermined the legislature?

Concept: The Legislature in India and U.S.A.
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[2] 1.h

Answer briefly the following question.

What is the tenure of the President of the USA ? How many terms can the US President serve?

Concept: Powers and Functions of Executive Heads of U.S.A. (President)
Chapter: [2.02] The Executive
[2] 1.i
[2] 1.j

Answer briefly the following question.

Explain the statement ‘American President can pigeon hole any bill’.

Concept: Judiciary in India and U.S.A
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[2] 1.k

Answer briefly the following question.

Why is the judiciary in the USA called the two-tier system? 

Concept: Judiciary in India and U.S.A
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[2] 1.l

Answer briefly the following question.

State what is meant by open trial system.

Concept: Introduction and Composition of Judiciary
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
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[2] 1.m

Answer briefly the following question.

Explain the meaning of the Jury System. 

Concept: Judicial Review
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[2] 1.n

Answer briefly the following question.

What is casteism?

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Caste
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
[2] 1.o

Answer briefly the following question.

State the importance of reforms in the education system to check communalism under strengthening Indian Democracy.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Communalism
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
Part II Section A
[14] 2 | Attempt any two question of the following:
[8] 2.a
[6] 2.b

Discuss any six merits under Indian Constitution of liberal democracy.

Concept: Liberal Democratic State
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[14] 3
[8] 3.a

What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.

Concept: Decentralisation in India
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[6] 3.b

Discuss any six merits of a Presidential form of Government.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[14] 4
[8] 4.a

The distinction between a written and unwritten constitution is a false one. Discuss this statement.

Concept: Meaning of Constitution
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[6] 4.b

Explain any three merits and any three demerits of a rigid constitution.

Concept: Kinds of Constitutions - Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible, Enacted and Evolved
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
Section B
[14] 5 | Attempt any three questions of the following :
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[8] 5.a
[6] 5.b

Why is Universal Adult Franchise the most accepted form of Representation in a modern state ?

Concept: Powers and Functions of Executive Heads of U.S.A. (President)
Chapter: [2.02] The Executive
[14] 6
[8] 6.a

What is meant by the sovereignty of the British Parliament ? What are its limitations ? 

Concept: Conventions - Meaning and Examples with Reference to U.K., U.S.A. and India
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[6] 6.b

Make a comparative study of US House of Representatives and the British House of Commons.

Concept: Lok Sabha with the U.S. House of Representatives
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[14] 7
[8] 7.a

Explain the reasons why the power of the Executive has grown in recent years.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[6] 7.b

State the main difference between the political executive and the permanent executive. 

Concept: Lok Sabha with the U.S. House of Representatives
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[14] 8
[8] 8.a

Discuss the functions of the Judiciary.

Concept: Introduction and Composition of Judiciary
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[6] 8.b

Explain the original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India.

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[14] 9
[8] 9.a
[6] 9.b
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