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History Set 1 2017-2018 ISC (Arts) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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History [Set 1]
Marks: 80 Academic Year: 2017-2018
Date: March 2018
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  • Answer all questions.
  • Answer the five questions in all, choosing the two questions from section A,
  • two questions from Section B,
  • one question from either Section A or Section B.

Part I
[20] 1
[1] 1.i

What was the significance of Attlee’s Declaration of 20th February 1947?

Concept: Attlee's Declaration of 1947
Chapter: [1.05] Transfer of Power (1945-1947)
[1] 1.ii

Name the Indian nationalist leader who played a vital role in the integration of princely states with the Indian Union.

Concept: Integration of Princely States with Specialreference to Junagarh and Hyderabad
Chapter: [2] Establishment and Development of Indian Democracy (1947 – 1966).
[1] 1.iii

Mention the principle on which the first general election in India (1952) was based.

Concept: Significance of the First General Election Based on Universal Adult Suffrage (1952)
Chapter: [2] Establishment and Development of Indian Democracy (1947 – 1966).
[1] 1.iv

With reference to the Congress party in the 1960s, what is meant by the term Syndicate?

Concept: Factionalism in the Congress
Chapter: [3.01] The Role of the Syndicate
[1] 1.v

What is the significance of the Historic Eight Documents?

Concept: Historic Eight Documents (Main Points) as the Origin of Its Ideological Basis (1967),
Chapter: [3.02] Naxal Movement
[1] 1.vi

Who was the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India?

Concept: Congress and Other Ministries
Chapter: [1.02] Working of Provincial Autonomy
[1] 1.vii

Why was Operation Blue Star launched?

Concept: Appointment of Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1964 and Indira Gandhi in 1966 as Prime Minister
Chapter: [3.01] The Role of the Syndicate
[1] 1.viii

What are the five principles of peaceful co-existence mutually agreed upon by India and China known as?

Concept: Aims - Panchsheel
Chapter: [5.01] Non-aligned Movement (NAM)
[1] 1.ix

Mention the controversial issue that led to the outbreak of the First Indo-Pak War (1948-1949).

Concept: Indo-Pak Wars
Chapter: [5.02] Pakistan (1948-49, 1965, 1971)
[1] 1.x

Name the Report (published in 1974) that deals with issues related to the status of women in India.

Concept: Significance of the Towards Equality Report (1974) with Regard to Women’S
Chapter: [6] Movements for Women’s Rights
[1] 1.xi

Name two alliances signed between Italy, Germany, and Japan.

Concept: Factors Leading to the World War Ii
Chapter: [7] World War II
[1] 1.xii

Explain the term island hopping with reference to the war in the Pacific.

Concept: Course of the War: Europe, Africa and Far East.
Chapter: [7] World War II
[1] 1.xiii

Why was there a temporary truce between the KMT and CCP in 1936?

Concept: China - Civil War and the Establishment of the People'S Republic in 1949
Chapter: [8] De-colonisation – in Asia (China) and Africa (Ghana and Keny
[1] 1.xiv

What part did the Mau Mau secret society play in the Kenyan struggle for freedom from British rule?

Concept: Kenya - Conflict and Independence (1947 – 1969)
Chapter: [8] De-colonisation – in Asia (China) and Africa (Ghana and Keny
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[1] 1.xv

Why did Stalin establish the Cominform?

Concept: Molotov Plan, COMECON and Cominform
Chapter: [9.01] Origins of the Cold War
[1] 1.xvi

Who introduced the policies of the Glasnost and Perestroika in the USSR?

Concept: Gorbachev’S Policies (Glasnost and Perestroika
Chapter: [9.03] Breakup of the Ussr and Changes in Eastern Europe
[1] 1.xvii

Which organisation led the movement against communism in Poland?

Concept: Fall of Communism in East Europe
Chapter: [9.03] Breakup of the Ussr and Changes in Eastern Europe
[1] 1.xviii

Name the two democrat Presidents who were sympathetic to the demands of black Americans?

Concept: Racial Problems and Civil Rights in Usa in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s
Chapter: [10] Protest Movements
[1] 1.xix

Who wrote the book The Feminine Mystique that sparked off the Second Wave of American Feminism in the 20th century?

Concept: Civil Rights Movement
Chapter: [10] Protest Movements
[1] 1.xx

What was the immediate reaction of the Arab states to the creation of the new state of Israel in 1948?

Concept: Arab Israeli Conflicts (1956-1979)
Chapter: [5.01] Non-aligned Movement (NAM)
Part II Section A
[12] 2
[6] 2.i

Why was there a change in the attitude of the British government towards India at the end of World War II?

Concept: Changed Attitude of British Government
Chapter: [1.05] Transfer of Power (1945-1947)
[6] 2.ii

What were the main proposals of the Cabinet Mission Plan?

Concept: The Cabinet Mission Plan Proposals
Chapter: [1.05] Transfer of Power (1945-1947)
[12] 3
[6] 3.i

Examine the role of the Syndicate in the appointment of Lai Bahadur Shastri as Prime Minister of India.

Concept: Appointment of Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1964 and Indira Gandhi in 1966 as Prime Minister
Chapter: [3.01] The Role of the Syndicate
[6] 3.ii

Give a brief account of the circumstances that led to the split in Congress, in 1969.

Concept: Congress and Other Ministries
Chapter: [1.02] Working of Provincial Autonomy
[12] 4
[6] 4.i

Trace the developments leading to the rise of the Naxal Movement in West Bengal.

Concept: Causes of Naxal Movement Rise
Chapter: [3.02] Naxal Movement
[6] 4.ii

What measures did the government adopt to suppress the Naxal Movement?

Concept: Impact of Naxal Movement
Chapter: [3.02] Naxal Movement
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[12] 5
[6] 5.i

State the objectives of the Khalistan Movement under the leadership of the Akali Dal.

Concept: Leadership
Chapter: [3.03] JP Movement (1974-75)
[6] 5.ii

Discuss the consequences of the Khalistan Movement.

Concept: Origin - JP Movement
Chapter: [3.03] JP Movement (1974-75)
[12] 6

Discuss the causes and consequences of the Indio-Pak war of 1965.

Concept: Indo-Pak Wars
Chapter: [5.02] Pakistan (1948-49, 1965, 1971)
Section - B
[12] 7
[6] 7.i

With reference to the aggressive foreign policies of Italy and Japan, explain how the following events made war more likely and worldwide in scope :

 Italy’s invasion of Abyssinia.

Concept: Aggressive Foreign Policies of Germany, Italy and Japan
Chapter: [7] World War II
[6] 7.ii

With reference to the aggressive foreign policies of Italy and Japan, explain how the following events made war more likely and worldwide in scope :

Attack on Pearl Harbour-motives, events and impact.

Concept: Factors Leading to the World War Ii
Chapter: [7] World War II
[12] 8
[6] 8.i

Give a brief account of the post-war struggle between the KMT and the CCP.

Concept: China - Civil War and the Establishment of the People'S Republic in 1949
Chapter: [8] De-colonisation – in Asia (China) and Africa (Ghana and Keny
[6] 8.ii

Explain the causes of the victory of the Communists.

Concept: China - Civil War and the Establishment of the People'S Republic in 1949
Chapter: [8] De-colonisation – in Asia (China) and Africa (Ghana and Keny
[12] 9
[6] 9.i

The basic cause of conflict lay in the differences of principles between the communist and democratic states. In this context, explain how the following events led to the development of the Cold War :

The Truman Doctrine.

Concept: China - Civil War and the Establishment of the People'S Republic in 1949
Chapter: [8] De-colonisation – in Asia (China) and Africa (Ghana and Keny
[6] 9.ii

The basic cause of conflict lay in the differences of principles between the communist and democratic states. In this context, explain how the following events led to the development of the Cold War :

The Marshall Plan. 

Concept: Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
Chapter: [9.01] Origins of the Cold War
[12] 10
[6] 10.i

Give an account of the factors that led to the emergence of the Second Wave Feminist Movement in the USA, in the 1960s. What was the impact on the status of women in America?

Concept: Feminist Movement
Chapter: [10] Protest Movements
[6] 10.ii

Evaluate Dr. Martin Luther King’s role in the Civil Rights Movement in the USA.

Concept: Civil Rights Movement
Chapter: [10] Protest Movements
[12] 11

With reference to the Israeli-Palestine conflict in the Middle East, discuss the causes, course, and consequences of the Six-Day War of 1967. 

Concept: Post War Conflict in Palestine After World War I, Till the Formation of the State of Israel
Chapter: [11] Middle East: Israeli-Palestine Conflict (1916- 1993).
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CISCE previous year question papers Class 12 History with solutions 2017 - 2018

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