# Geography 2013-2014 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

Geography
Date: March 2014

[20] 1 | Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:
[2] 1.1

Give the four figure grid reference of the settlement of Hamirpura.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

Give the four figure grid reference of the temple in the settlement of Jolpur.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2] 1.2

What does the blue coloured circle in the grid square 0619 represent?

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

What is the compass direction of Dantrai from Jolpur?

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2] 1.3

What is the difference between the pattern of settlements in 0725 and the settlement of Idarla?

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

What is the difference between the drainage pattern of the streams in 0624 and those in 0824?

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2] 1.4

What is the value of the contour line in square 0226? What is the contour interval in the map?

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[2] 1.5

Mention any two factors which provide evidence that the region in the map extract is a rural region.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[2] 1.6

How does the feature, indicated by the black curves in 0721, show that rainfall in this region is seasonal?

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

Mention one man-made feature in the map, which also provides evidence that the rainfall is seasonal.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2] 1.7

Name two natural features in 0527.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

Name two natural features in 0325.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2] 1.8

Name two features which makes Dantrai a more important settlement than the other settlement in the map extract.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[2] 1.9

Calculate the area of the region which lies to the south of northing 21 in square kilometres.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[2] 1.10

What are the following?

The black vertical line between eastings 09 and 10

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

What are the following?

302 in grid square 0425

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[10] 2

On the outline map of India provided:
a) Draw, name and number the Standard Meridian.
b) Label the river Yamuna.
c) Shade and label the Gulf of Khambhat.
d) Mark and name the Nathu-La Pass.
e) Mark and name the Karakoram Range.
f) Shade and name a sparsely populated State in Northeast India.
g) Shade a region with laterite soil in Eastern India.
h) Mark with a dot and name Vishakhapatnam.
i) Mark and name the winds that bring rain to West Bengal in summer.
j) Print S on the iron mines in Singhbhum.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[10] 3
[2] 3.1

Mention the different sources of rain in Punjab and Tamil Nadu during the winter season.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2] 3.2

State the benefits that are derived from the local winds that blow in summer in the following states:

Kerala

West Bengal

Concept: Winds in Summer and Winter
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3] 3.3

Mention the geographical reason for each of the followings:

Patna receives heavier rain than Delhi.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Mention the geographical reason for each of the followings:

Western Rajasthan receives no rain from the Arabian Sea branch of the South West Monsoon winds.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Mention the geographical reason for each of the followings:

Mangalore is not cold even in the month of December.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3] 3.4

Study the climate data given below and answer the questions that follow:

 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Temperaturein °C 25.0 25.5 26.3 27.1 30.0 36.2 36.0 35.9 35.9 29.3 27.0 24.6 Rainfall cm 24.5 23.1 15.0 2.4 0.1 11.0 9.3 4.0 10.5 4.0 14.5 20.4

1) Calculate the annual temperature range.

2) What is the total annual rainfall?

3) Presuming that the station is located in India, give a reason for its location being on the east coast or west coast of India.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[10] 4
[2] 4.1

State any two methods of controlling soil erosion.

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[2] 4.2

Mention two differences between alluvial soil and red soil.

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3] 4.3

Give the geographical reason for different regions in India having different kinds of soil.

Concept: Different Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Give the geographical reason for black soil being suitable for growth of cotton.

Concept: Different Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Give the geographical reason for the conservation of soil as a natural resource.

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3] 4.4

Name the soil which is good for the cultivation of cashew nuts.

Concept: Distribution, Composition and Characteristics of Soil (Clour, Texture, Minerals,Crops Associated)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Name the soil which covers almost all of West Bengal

Concept: Distribution, Composition and Characteristics of Soil (Clour, Texture, Minerals,Crops Associated)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Name the soil which is a result of leaching.

Concept: Distribution, Composition and Characteristics of Soil (Clour, Texture, Minerals,Crops Associated)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[10] 5
[2] 5.1

Mention two reasons why monsoon deciduous forests are commercially more valuable than the other types of forests.

Concept: Importance of Forest
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[2] 5.2

How do forests have a favourable effect on the climate of the region?

Concept: Importance of Forest
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

How do forests act as a flood control measure?

Concept: Importance of Forest
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3] 5.3

Give one important use of the following types of trees:
i. Sundari
ii. Sandalwood
iii. Rosewood

Concept: Importance of Forest
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3] 5.4

Name the natural vegetation largely found in the following regions:

The delta of the Ganga river.

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name the natural vegetation largely found in the following regions:

The windward side of the Western Ghats

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name the natural vegetation largely found in the following regions:

The Deccan Plateau

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[10] 6
[2] 6.1

State two reasons why tank irrigation is popular in South India.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[2] 6.2

Mention two advantages that surface wells have over inundation canals.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3] 6.3

Give one geographical reason for each of the following statements:

Irrigation is necessary despite the monsoon.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give one geographical reason for each of the following statements:

The drip method of irrigation is the best among all modern methods of irrigation.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give one geographical reason for each of the following statements:

Canal irrigation leads to the ground around it becoming unproductive.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3] 6.4

Give three reasons for the conservation of water resources.

Concept: Need for Conservation and Management of Water
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[10] 7
[2] 7.1

Mention any two uses of manganese.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2] 7.2

Which of the different varieties of coal is used for domestic purposes and why?

Concept: Types of Power Resources - Conventional Sources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3] 7.3

Name the mineral used in the manufacture of Cement

Concept: Classification of Minerals
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Name the mineral used in the manufacture of Aluminum

Concept: Classification of Minerals
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Name the mineral used in the manufacture of: Synthetics

Concept: Classification of Minerals
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3] 7.4

Which state is the leading producer of the following minerals?

i. Coal
ii. Oil
iii. Manganese

Concept: Distribution of Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[10] 8
[2] 8.1

How has poverty and fragmentation of land become problems of agricultural India?

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[2] 8.2

Mention any two features of plantation farming stating two examples.

Concept: Types of Farming
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3] 8.3

Mention three differences in the geographical conditions and cultivation of rice and wheat.

Concept: Concept of Agricultural Seasons (Rabi, Kharif, Zayad).
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3] 8.4

Give geographical reasons for the following

Cotton grows widely in Maharashtra.

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give geographical reasons for each of the following:

Clonal planting is the best method of tea propagation.

Concept: Types of Farming
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give geographical reasons for each of the following:

Oilseeds are an important commercial crop grown in India.

Concept: Types of Farming
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[10] 9
[2] 9.1

Name two textile industries using any animal fibres. Name an important state where these industries are located.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2] 9.2

Give two reasons for each of the following:

Kolkata is an important cotton manufacturing centre even though West Bengal is not a leading producer of cotton.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give two reasons for each of the following:

The wool industry is not as well developed as the cotton industry in India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3] 9.3

Mention three problems of the jute textile industry in India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3] 9.4

Mention three factors that have helped the sugar industry flourish in the peninsular region rather than in the northern regions of India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10] 10
[2] 10.1

Name one integrated iron and steel plant in the private sector. Where does it obtain its iron and coal from?

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2] 10.2

Name two raw materials used in the petrochemical industry and state two advantages of petrochemical products.

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3] 10.3

Give a reason for each of the following:

Vishakhapatnam is a leading centre for shipbuilding.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give a reason for each of the following:

Mini steel plants cause less pollution than integrated steel plants.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give a reason for each of the following:

The electronics industry has made an impact on both entertainment and education.

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3] 10.4

Name a manufacturing sector for each of the following industries:

An engine for MIG aircraft

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name a manufacturing sector for each of the following industries:

Diesel locomotives

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name a manufacturing sector for each of the following industries:

Software

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10] 11
[2] 11.1

Why is road transport in India considered more useful than rail transport? State two reasons in support of your answer.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport - Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[2] 11.2

State one advantage of inland waterways.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport - Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport

Mention one disadvantage of inland waterways.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport - Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[3] 11.3

How does waste accumulation affect the environment?

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[3] 11.4

What is acid rain?

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

Mention two effects of acid rain

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

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