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History and Civics 2014-2015 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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History and Civics
Marks: 80Date: 2014-2015 March

Attempt all questions From Question 1 and Question 2

Attempt any Five Question From Question 3 to Question 10


[10]1
[1]1.1

Name the two houses of the Union Parliament.

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[1]1.2

How many members are nominated by the President to the Lok Sabha? Which community do they represent?

Concept: Lok Sabha - Term, Composition, Qualifications for Membership
Chapter: [1.01] Lok Sabha
[1]1.3

What is the required quorum to hold the meeting of the Lok Sabha?

Concept: Parliamentary Procedures of Lok Sabha
Chapter: [1.01] Lok Sabha
[1]1.4

Mention one provision of the Constitution which clearly establishes the supremacy of the Lok Sabha with regard to money bills.

Concept: Parliamentary Procedures of Lok Sabha
Chapter: [1.01] Lok Sabha
[1]1.5

Who has the power to promulgate an Ordinance at the Centre? When can it be promulgate

Concept: Union Executive - the President
Chapter: [2.01] The President
[1]1.6

Mention any one discretionary power of the President.

Concept: Union Executive - the President
Chapter: [2.01] The President
[1]1.7

State any one qualification necessary for the election of the President of India.

Concept: Union Executive - the President
Chapter: [2.01] The President
[1]1.8

Who is the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?

Concept: Rajya Sabha - Composition, Qualifications for Membership, Election, Term
Chapter: [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[1]1.9

What happens if a Vote of No-confidence is passed against a Minister in the Lok Sabha?

Concept: Parliamentary Procedures of Lok Sabha
Chapter: [1.01] Lok Sabha
[1]1.10

Mention one reason to state that the Lok Adalat has its own advantage.

Concept: Concept of Lok Adalat
Chapter: [3.03] Subordinate Courts
[10]2
[2]2.1

Mention two administrative changes that the British Government brought about regarding the East India Company’s rule in India.

Concept: Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee)
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[2]2.2

Mention any two contributions of Jyotiba Phule in preparing the ground for the National Movement.

Concept: Objectives and Methods of Struggle of the Early Nationalists
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[2]2.3

Who founded the Home rule League in India? What was its objective?

Concept: Contributions of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[2]2.4

Who is regarded as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi? Give a reason for him being considered as the Mahatma’s guru.

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[2]2.5

Mention any two causes for the rise of Assertive Nationalism.

Concept: Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee)
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[2]2.6

Why was the Simon Commission rejected by the Congress?

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[2]2.7

Who founded the Forward Bloc? Mention any one of its objectives

Concept: Objectives and Contribution of Subhas Chandra Bose
Chapter: [5.02] Forward Bloc (Objectives) and Ina (Objectives and Achievements).
[2]2.8

What is the meaning of 'Fascism'?

Concept: Causes for the Rise of Fascism in Italy
Chapter: [6.02] Rise of Dictatorships
[2]2.9

Name the two rival blocs formed in Europe before World War I.

Concept: Causes of First World War ( Nationalism and Imperialism Armament Race, Division of Europe and Sarajevo Crisis)
Chapter: [6.01] The First World War
[2]2.10

What is meant by the term 'Non-Aligned Movement'

Concept: Meaning and Objectives - Non Aligned Movement;
Chapter: [6.05] Non Aligned Movement
[10]3
[3]3.1

The Rajya Sabha is the second chamber of the Indian Parliament and represents the interest of the States. In this context explain the following:

It's composition

Concept: Rajya Sabha - Composition, Qualifications for Membership, Election, Term
Chapter: [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[3]3.2

The Rajya Sabha is the second chamber of the Indian Parliament and represents the interest of the States. In this context explain the following:

Qualifications for membership.

Concept: Rajya Sabha - Composition, Qualifications for Membership, Election, Term
Chapter: [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[4]3.3

The Rajya Sabha is the second chamber of the Indian Parliament and represents the interest of the States. In this context explain the following:

A term of the House and any two of its legislative powers.

Concept: Rajya Sabha - Composition, Qualifications for Membership, Election, Term
Chapter: [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[10]4
[3]4.1

The makers of our Constitution adopted the Parliamentary and the Cabinet form of Government. With reference to this, answer the following questions:

Who is the Constitutional head of the Union Government?

Concept: Union Executive - the President
Chapter: [2.01] The President

The makers of our Constitution adopted the Parliamentary and the Cabinet form of Government. With reference to this, answer the following questions:

What is meant by the collective and Individual Responsibility of the members of the Cabinet?

 

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[3]4.2

The makers of our Constitution adopted the Parliamentary and the Cabinet form of Government. With reference to this, answer the following questions:

Explain briefly the position and power of the Prime Minister in relation to the Cabinet.

Concept: Position and Powers of the Prime Minister
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[4]4.3

Distinguish between the Cabinet and Council of Ministers.

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[10]5
[3]5.1

With reference to our Judiciary, discuss the following

Why is the Judiciary kept independent of the control of the Executive and the Legislature

Concept: Supreme Court Jurisdiction and Functions
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[3]5.2

With reference to our Judiciary, discuss the following:

What do we mean when we refer to the Supreme Court and the High Court as a 'Court of Record'?

Concept: Supreme Court Jurisdiction and Functions
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[4]5.3

With reference to our Judiciary, discuss the following:

Name the Writs that the High Courts are empowered to issue. What is meant by the Advisory Jurisdiction of the High Court?

Concept: High Courts - Jurisdiction and Functions:
Chapter: [3.02] The High Courts [3.02] The High Courts
[10]6
[3]6.1

With reference to the growth of National consciousness in India, explain each of the following:

The immediate objectives of the Indian National Congress

Concept: Objectives of the Indian National Congress
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[3]6.2

With reference to the growth of National consciousness in India, explain each of the following:

Two contributions of Dadabhai Naoroji

Concept: East India Association (Dadabhai Naoroji) as Precursors
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[4]6.3

With reference to the growth of National consciousness in India, explain each of the following:

The impact of the Swadeshi and the Boycott Movement.

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[10]7
[3]7.1

In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi's demands were rejected by the British, as a result of which he launched the Civil Disobedience Movement. In this context explain the following:

Name the famous march undertaken by Gandhiji. Where did he begin this march? State two of its features.

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[3]7.2

In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi's demands were rejected by the British, as a result of which he launched the Civil Disobedience Movement. In this context explain the following:

The Gandhi-Irwin Pact as a consequence of this Movement.

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[4]7.3

In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi's demands were rejected by the British, as a result of which he launched the Civil Disobedience Movement. In this context explain the following

Significance of the Second Round Table Conference.

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[10]8
[3]8.1

With reference to the transfer of power to India, answer the following:

Explain the Cabinet Mission’s proposals regarding the setting up of a Constitution making body

Concept: Clauses of Cabinet Mission Plan
Chapter: [5.03] Independence and Partition of India
[3]8.2

With reference to the transfer of power to India, answer the following:

Mention any two clauses of the India Independence Act, 1947.

Concept: Indian Independence Act of 1947
Chapter: [5.03] Independence and Partition of India
[4]8.3

With reference to the transfer of power to India, answer the following:

Why did the Congress accept the Mountbatten Plan?

Concept: Mountbatten Plan (Clauses and Its Acceptance)
Chapter: [5.03] Independence and Partition of India
[10]9
[3]9.1

The War that broke out in 1914 was different from the previous wars in many ways. In this context discuss the following points briefly:

Militant Nationalism as a cause of the War.

Concept: Causes of First World War ( Nationalism and Imperialism Armament Race, Division of Europe and Sarajevo Crisis)
Chapter: [6.01] The First World War
[3]9.2

The War that broke out in 1914 was different from the previous wars in many ways. In this context discuss the following points briefly:

How did the treaty of Versailles seek to cripple Germany’s military strength?

Concept: Results of First World War (Treaty of Versailles, Territorial Rearrangements, Formation of League of Nations)
Chapter: [6.01] The First World War
[4]9.3

The War that broke out in 1914 was different from the previous wars in many ways. In this context discuss the following points briefly:

What was the territorial rearrangement of Europe as a result of this War?

Concept: Results of First World War (Treaty of Versailles, Territorial Rearrangements, Formation of League of Nations)
Chapter: [6.01] The First World War
[10]10
[3]10.1

The United Nations Organisation was established to be an effective peacekeeping international organisation. In this context explain the following:

Its objectives and purposes.

Concept: Objectives of the U.N
Chapter: [6.04] United Nations
[3]10.2

The United Nations Organisation was established to be an effective peace keeping\ international organisation. In this context explain the following:

The meaning of Human Rights as incorporated in the Human Charter.

Concept: Major Agencies of the United Nations- UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO
Chapter: [6.04] United Nations
[4]10.3

The United Nations Organisation was established to be an effective peacekeeping international organisation. In this context explain the following:

Name the agency that the UN set up to deliver relief to children and mothers after World War II. State any three of its functions.

Concept: Major Agencies of the United Nations- UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO
Chapter: [6.04] United Nations

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CISCE previous year question papers Class 10 History and Civics with solutions 2014 - 2015

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