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History and Civics 2013-2014 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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History and Civics
Marks: 80Date: 2013-2014 March

Attempt all questions From Question 1 and Question 2

Attempt any Five Question From Question 3 to Question 10


[10]1
[1]1.1

Who administers the oath of office to the Council of Minister?

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[1]1.2

Why is the Rajya Sabha called a 'Permanent house'?

Concept: Rajya Sabha - Composition, Qualifications for Membership, Election, Term
Chapter: [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[1]1.3

State the minimum number of times the Lok Sabha must meet in a year.

Concept: Lok Sabha - Term, Composition, Qualifications for Membership
Chapter: [1.01] Lok Sabha
[1]1.4

State the composition of the Electoral College for the election of the President of India.

Concept: Union Executive - the President
Chapter: [2.01] The President
[1]1.5

What is an Ordinance?

Concept: Union Executive - the President
Chapter: [2.01] The President
[1]1.6

Mention one way by which the authority of the Prime Minister can be checked?

Concept: Position and Powers of the Prime Minister
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[1]1.7

What is understood by the term 'Individual Responsibility' in a Parliamentary Democracy?

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[1]1.8

What is meant by a 'Single Integrated Judicial System' as provided in the Indian Constitution?

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[1]1.9

With reference to the powers and functions of the High Court, explain briefly the meaning and scope of the following:

Its Appellate Jurisdiction

Concept: High Courts - Jurisdiction and Functions:
Chapter: [3.02] The High Courts [3.02] The High Courts
[1]1.10

State one point of distinction between the District Judge and the Sessions Judge.

Concept: Court of the District Judge and Sessions Court
Chapter: [3.03] Subordinate Courts
[20]2
[2]2.1

State any two political causes responsible for the First War of Independence.

Concept: Causes of First War of Independence, 1857
Chapter: [4.01] The First War of Independence, 1857
[2]2.2

What was the role of the press in promoting nationalistic sentiments amongst the Indians?

Concept: Role of the Press
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[2]2.3

Mention two important contributions of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Concept: Contributions of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[2]2.4

What were the two basic reasons responsible for the Surat Split in 1907 between the Early Nationalists and the Assertive Nationalists?

Concept: Surat Split of 1907
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[2]2.5

Mention any one provision each of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed in 1931.

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[2]2.6

Mention any two objectives of the Indian National Army

Concept: Causes of First War of Independence, 1857
Chapter: [4.01] The First War of Independence, 1857
[2]2.7

Name the three members of the Cabinet Mission.

Concept: Clauses of Cabinet Mission Plan
Chapter: [5.03] Independence and Partition of India
[2]2.8

Mention any two terms of the Treaty of Versailles signed On June 28, 1919.

Concept: Results of First World War (Treaty of Versailles, Territorial Rearrangements, Formation of League of Nations)
Chapter: [6.01] The First World War
[2]2.9

State two factors which were responsible for the failure of the League of Nations.

Concept: Failure of League of Nations and Hitler’s
Chapter: [6.03] The Second World War
[2]2.10

State any four functions of the General Assembly.

Concept: Objectives of the U.N
Chapter: [6.04] United Nations
[10]3
[2]3.1

With reference to the Indian Parliament, explain the following:

The tenure of the members of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[4]3.2

With reference to the Indian Parliament, explain the following:

The composition of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

Concept: Rajya Sabha - Composition, Qualifications for Membership, Election, Term
Chapter: [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[4]3.3

With reference to the Indian Parliament, explain the following:

Its powers to make laws on subjects mentioned in the Union List and Concurrent List.

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[10]4
[2]4.1

The Cabinet holds a pivotal position in the working of the Indian Parliamentary Government. In this context discuss the following:

The formation of the Cabinet

Concept: Concept of Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[4]4.2

The Cabinet holds a pivotal position in the working of the Indian Parliamentary Government. In this context discuss the following:

Any two administrative powers of the Cabinet.

Concept: Concept of Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[4]4.3

The Union Executive which consists of the President, Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers is a powerful body in a Parliamentary democracy. In this context answer the following questions:

Mention any four legislative powers of the Cabinet.

Concept: Concept of Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[10]5
[3]5.1

Explain the cases in which the Supreme Court enjoys Original Jurisdiction.

Concept: Supreme Court Jurisdiction and Functions
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[3]5.2

With reference to the Supreme Court, explain its functions stated below:

Advisory Function.

Concept: Supreme Court Jurisdiction and Functions
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[4]5.3

With reference to the Supreme Court, explain its functions stated below:

As a guardian of Fundamental Rights.

Concept: Supreme Court -enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Writs.
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[10]6
[2]6.1

The establishment of the Indian National Congress led to the development of the National Movement in India. In this context answer the following:

When was the Indian National Congress established? Who presided over its first session?

Concept: Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee)
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[4]6.2

The establishment of the Indian National Congress led to the development of the National Movement in India. In this context answer the following:

What were the four aims of the Congress?

Concept: Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee)
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[4]6.3

The establishment of the Indian National Congress led to the development of the National Movement in India. In this context answer the following:

Mention four basic beliefs of the Early Nationalists.

Concept: Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee)
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[10]7
[2]7.1

In the Nagpur session, 1920, the Congress ratified the resolution to launch the Non-Cooperation movement under the leadership of Gandhiji. In this context:

What do you understand by the term Non-Cooperation?

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[3]7.2

In the Nagpur session, 1920, the Congress ratified the resolution to launch the Non-Cooperation movement under the leadership of Gandhiji. In this context:

What were the objectives which the movement sought to achieve?

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[5]7.3

Through various national movements, Gandhiji mobilised public support to win freedom for India. In this context, state the following:

The impact of the Non-Cooperation Movement in India’s freedom struggle.

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[10]8

With reference to the picture given above answer the following:

1) Identify the Viceroy in the picture.

2) Why was he sent to India?

3) How did he plan to solve the communal problem existing in India?

4) Why did the Congress accept the Plan? State three reasons to justify its acceptance.

Concept: Mountbatten Plan (Clauses and Its Acceptance)
Chapter: [5.03] Independence and Partition of India
[10]9
[3]9.1

With reference to the causes of the Second World War answer the following:

Explain how the ideologies of Fascism and Nazism led to the Second World War.

Concept: Causes of Second World War - Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism and Nazism
Chapter: [6.03] The Second World War
[3]9.2

With reference to the causes of the Second World War answer the following:

How did the Japanese invasion of China create conditions for the outbreak of the war?

Concept: Japanese Invasion of China,
Chapter: [6.03] The Second World War
[4]9.3

With reference to the causes of the Second World War answer the following:

Explain the consequences of the war with reference to the formation of the United Nations.

Concept: Formation of the United Nations
Chapter: [6.03] The Second World War
[10]10
[2]10.1

With reference to the Non-Aligned Movement, explain the following:

'Non-Alignment'.

Concept: Meaning and Objectives - Non Aligned Movement;
Chapter: [6.05] Non Aligned Movement
[4]10.2

With reference to the Non-Aligned Movement, explain the following:

Two factors responsible for its formation.

Concept: Meaning and Objectives - Non Aligned Movement;
Chapter: [6.05] Non Aligned Movement
[4]10.3

With reference to the Non-Aligned Movement, explain the following:

Role of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.

Concept: Role of Jawaharlal Nehru
Chapter: [6.05] Non Aligned Movement

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CISCE previous year question papers Class 10 History and Civics with solutions 2013 - 2014

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