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History and Civics 2012-2013 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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History and Civics
2012-2013 March
Marks: 80

Attempt all questions from Question 1 and Question 2

Attempt 2 Question From Question 3 to Question 5

Attempt 3 Question From Question 5 to Question 10


[10]1
[1]1.1

Name the two types of authority in the federal setup of India.

Concept: Meaning of the Federal Setup in India
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature
[1]1.2

What is meant by the term Universal Adult Franchise?

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[1]1.3

With reference to the Union Legislature, answer the following questions:

How is the Speaker of the Lok Sabha elected? 

Concept: Speaker – Election and Functions
Chapter: [1.01] Lok Sabha
[1]1.4

When can the Vice-President cast a vote in the Rajya Sabha?

Concept: Union Executive - the Vice-president
Chapter: [2.02] The Vice-president
[1]1.5

State any one reason why the President is elected indirectly.

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[1]1.6

Who is the Executive Head of the State?

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[1]1.7

Mention the different categories of ministers in the Union Council of ministers.

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[1]1.8

What is meant by the ‘Collective Responsibility’ of the Cabinet?

Concept: Concept of Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[1]1.9

Name the courts that are empowered to issue writs for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

Concept: Supreme Court -enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Writs.
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[1]1.10

Name the highest criminal court in a district.

Concept: Court of the District Judge and Sessions Court
Chapter: [3.03] Subordinate Courts
[20]2
[2]2.1

What was the General Service Enlistment Act?

Concept: Causes of the Partition of Bengal
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[2]2.2

What was the influence of Western education on the minds of educated Indians in the 19th century?

Concept: Rediscovery of India’S Past, Influence of Western Education
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[2]2.3

Who exposed the economic exploitation of India through his book ‘Poverty and Un-British rule in India’?

Concept: Economic Exploitation
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[2]2.4

What was the importance of the Lucknow Pact of 1916?

Concept: Significance of the Lucknow Pact - 1916
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[2]2.5

Name the leaders of the Khilafat movement that was launched in India to champion the cause of the Caliph of Turkey.

Concept: Causes of (Khilafat Movement, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy)
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[2]2.6

Why was the Simon Commission rejected by the Congress?

Concept: Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[2]2.7

What were the two proposals related to the Princely States in the Mountbatten Plan?

Concept: Mountbatten Plan (Clauses and Its Acceptance)
Chapter: [5.03] Independence and Partition of India
[2]2.8

The 1914 and 1939 Wars that engulfed almost the entire world were known as World Wars due to its unprecedented impact and dimension. In this context, answer the following

Explain the immediate cause of the First World War.

Concept: Causes of First War of Independence, 1857
Chapter: [4.01] The First War of Independence, 1857
[2]2.9

What is meant by the term Cold War?

Concept: Consequences (Defeat of Axis Powers, Formation of the United Nations and Cold War)
Chapter: [6.03] The Second World War
[2]2.10

Name the two architects of NAM.

Concept: Architects of NAM
Chapter: [6.05] Non Aligned Movement
[10]3
[3]3.1

Discuss the relationship between the two houses of the State Legislature with reference to the following:

Money Bills

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[3]3.2

Discuss the relationship between the two houses of the State Legislature with reference to
the following:

Non-Money Bills

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[4]3.3

Discuss the relationship between the two houses of the State Legislature with reference to
the following:

Control over the Executive

Concept: Powers and Functions of Union Parliament
Chapter: [1] The Union Legislature [1.02] Rajya Sabha
[10]4
[3]4.1

At the Head of the Council of Ministers of the State is the Chief Minister, who is the real Executive Head of the State. In this context, explain the following:

The appointment of the Chief Minister.

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[3]4.2

At the Head of the Council of Ministers of the State is the Chief Minister, who is the real
Executive Head of the State. In this context, explain the following:

His relationship with the Council of Ministers.

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[4]4.3

At the Head of the Council of Ministers of the State is the Chief Minister, who is the real
Executive Head of the State. In this context, explain the following:

His relations with the Governor of the state.

Concept: Council of Ministers and the Cabinet
Chapter: [2.03] Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
[10]5
[3]5.1

The Country’s judicial system has a Supreme Court at its apex. In this context, discuss the following

A manner of the appointment of judges

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[3]5.2

The Country’s judicial system has a Supreme Court at its apex. In this context, discuss the following:

A term of office and removal of judges

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[4]5.3

The Country’s judicial system has a Supreme Court at its apex. In this context, discuss the following:

It's power of ‘Judicial Review’.

Concept: Supreme Court Jurisdiction and Functions
Chapter: [3.01] The Supreme Court
[10]6
[3]6.1

The early Congressmen were liberal in their views and programmes. This led to the rise of
radical nationalists who demanded more forceful action against the British. In this context,
discuss the following:

Reasons why the early Congressmen were called ‘Moderates’

Concept: Objectives of the Indian National Congress
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[3]6.2

The early Congressmen were liberal in their views and programmes. This led to the rise of radical nationalists who demanded more forceful action against the British. In this context, discuss the following:

How did the Moderates differ from the Assertive Nationalists in realising their objectives?

Concept: Objectives of the Indian National Congress
Chapter: [4.02] Factors Promoting Growth of Nationalism, Foundation of the Indian National Congress
[4]6.3

The early Congressmen were liberal in their views and programmes. This led to the rise of radical nationalists who demanded more forceful action against the British. In this context, discuss the following:

How did Tilak bring a new wave in Indian politics that was distinct from the early Congressmen?

Concept: Contributions of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[10]7
[3]7.1

The partition of Bengal and the formation of the Muslim League were two important events that had an impact on the national struggle for independence. In this context, explain the following:

Any three factors relating to the formation of the Muslim League.

Concept: Factors Leading to the Formation of the Muslim League
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[3]7.2

The reasons for the formation of the Muslim League were many. In this context, explain:

Any three demands made by the Muslim Deputation in 1906 to the Viceroy Lord Minto.

Concept: Factors Leading to the Formation of the Muslim League
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[4]7.3

State any two objectives of the Muslim League.

Concept: Factors Leading to the Formation of the Muslim League
Chapter: [4.03] First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907), Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916)
[10]8
[3]8.1

The Congress Working Committee passed the famous ‘Quit India Resolution’ at Wardha in July 1942. With reference to this, answer the following questions:

What were the reasons behind the passing of this resolution?

Concept: Quit India Resolution and the Significance of the Movement
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[3]8.2

The Congress Working Committee passed the famous ‘Quit India Resolution’ at Wardha in
July 1942. With reference to this, answer the following questions:

What was the British government’s reaction to the Quit India Movement?

Concept: Quit India Resolution and the Significance of the Movement
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[4]8.3

The Congress Working Committee passed the famous ‘Quit India Resolution’ at Wardha in July 1942. With reference to this, answer the following questions

What was the impact and significance of this movement?

Concept: Quit India Resolution and the Significance of the Movement
Chapter: [5.01] Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-cooperation Movement
[10]9

Study the picture given below and answer the questions that follow:

1) Identify the leader in the picture.

2) State any four factors that led to the rise of dictatorships in Germany and Italy.

3) Why did he invade Poland? State two similarities between Fascism and Nazism.

Concept: Rise of Nazism in Germany
Chapter: [6.02] Rise of Dictatorships
[10]10
[3]10.1

The United Nations Organisation was established to maintain peace and ‘promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.’ With reference to this, explain the following:

The composition of the Security Council.

Concept: General Assembly, the Security Council, and the International Court of Justice
Chapter: [6.04] United Nations
[3]10.2

The horror of two World Wars, lead to the formation of United Nations Organisation, while the formation of the Non-Alignment Movement followed later. In this context, answer the following:

Explain any three functions of the Security Council

Concept: General Assembly, the Security Council, and the International Court of Justice
Chapter: [6.04] United Nations
[4]10.3

The United Nations Organisation was established to maintain peace and ‘promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.’ With reference to this, explain the following:

The role of UNESCO in the development of Science and Technology.

Concept: Major Agencies of the United Nations- UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO
Chapter: [6.04] United Nations

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