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Geography set 1 2018-2019 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Geography [set 1]
Marks: 80Academic Year: 2018-2019
Date: March 2019

(1) Attempt all Questions from Part 1

(2) Attempt only Five Question from part 2


PART 1 (30 Marks) Attempt all questions from this Part
[20]1

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a) (i) Give the six-figure grid reference for the temple that is located to the south west of Pithapura settlement.  (1)

    (ii)  Give the four-figure grid reference for a settlement where people of the region meet socially and for trade at least once in year. (1)

(b) (i) What is the pattern of drainage seen in the grid square 2118? (1)

     (ii) What is the pattern of settlement seen in the grid square 1923?(1)

(c)  What do each of the two numbers (281 printed in black colour and 20 printed in red colour) in the grid square 1818 indicate? (2)

(d) (i) Name any two man-made features in grid square 2419. (1)

     (ii) Name any two natural features in grid square 2118. (1)

(e) What is the significance of the following? 

    (i) Fire line in grid square 2417. (1)

    (ii) Water body found in grid square 2221. (1)

(f) Calculate the area of the region between 16 and 19 Eastings and 18 and 22 Northings. Give your answer in kilometre square. (2)

(g)  Give a reason for each of the following: 

     (i) The water in some of the wells in the north west quarter of the map is not fit for drinking. (1)

    (ii) The region near Anadra and Gulabgani has many causeways. (1)

(h) (i) What is the main means of irrigation used by people living in the area shown on the map? (1)

     (ii) What is the main occupation of the people of the region shown on the map? (1)

(i) Which according to you is the most important settlement?  Give a reason to support your answer. (2)

(j) Name any two means of transport used by the people living in the area shown on the map extract. (2)

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[10]2

On the outline map of India provided:

(a) Shade and label the Gangetic Plain. [1]

(b) Shade and label an area of laterite soil in North India. [1]

(c) Mark and label the Karakoram Mountains. [1]

(d) Mark and name the Palk Strait. [1]

(e) Shade and label the river Cauveri. [1]

(f) Mark and name Mumbai. [1]

(g) Mark and name the Nathu La Pass. [1]

(h) Mark and name Digboi. [1]

(i) Shade and name the Deccan Plateau. [1]

(j) Shade and label the river Jhelum. [1]

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
PART 2 (50 Marks) Attempt any five questions from this Part 2
[10]3
[2]3.a
[1]3.a.i

 What type of wind is ‘Monsoon’? What is its direction during summer? 

Concept: Seasons - June to September - Monsoon
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[1]3.a.ii

Mention two characteristics of the Indian monsoon. 

Concept: Seasons - June to September - Monsoon
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]3.b
[1]3.b.i

With reference to the summer season in India, answer the following question : 

Mention the duration of the summer season in India. 

Concept: Seasons - June to September - Monsoon
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[1]3.b.ii

What is the atmospheric pressure condition during summer season over the central part of  India? 

Concept: Seasons –March to May – Summer
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.c |  Give a reason for each of the following:
[1]3.c.i

Give a reason : 

Goa receives heavier rainfall than Puducherry. 

Concept: Seasons –March to May – Summer
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[1]3.c.ii

Give the Reason : 

Mawsynram receives the highest average annual rainfall.

Concept: Seasons –March to May – Summer
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[1]3.c.iii

Give the Reason : 

Mangaluru is cooler than Delhi in summer season. 

Concept: Seasons –March to May – Summer
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.d
[1]3.d.i

 Study the data of distribution of temperature and rain for Station X and answer the questions that follow: 

(i) Is Station X in the coastal area or in the interior of the country? 

(ii) Calculate the total annual rainfall for Station X. 

(iii) Name the wind that brings most of the rainfall to Station X. 

Concept: Seasons –March to May – Summer
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[10]4
[2]4.a
[1]4.a.i

Name the Indian soil which is formed due to the weathering of basic igneous rocks. 

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[1]4.a.ii

name two states of India where this type of soil is found. 

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[2]4.b
[1]4.b.i

 Name the following :

An important transported soil of India. 

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[1]4.b.ii

Name the following: 

Soil that is rich in iron oxide. 

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.c
[1]4.c.i

 Give a geographical reason for each of the following: 

 Terrace farming is an ideal soil conservation method for hilly regions. 

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[1]4.c.ii

Give a geographical reason for each of the following: 

Dry farming is preferred in areas with red soil.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[1]4.c.iii

Give a geographical reason for each of the following: 

Wind is a common agent of soil erosion in arid regions. 

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.d
[1]4.d.i

 Briefly answer the following: 

 Mention one way in which man is responsible for soil erosion. 

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[1]4.d.ii

 Briefly answer the following:  

How.can deepening of the river bed help in preventing soil erosion?

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[1]4.d.iii

 Briefly answer the following: 

Mention a physical characteristic of Laterite soil. 

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[10]5
[2]5.a

Give two reasons to explain as to why we need to conserve our forest resource. 

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[2]5.b
[1]5.b.i

 Mention two conditions required for the growth of Littoral Forest. 

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[1]5.b.ii

State one characteristic feature of the forest found in the Nilgiri Hills

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3]5.c
[1.5]5.c.i

Give two reasons to explain as to why the Tropical Evergreen Forests are difficult to exploit for commercial purpose. 

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[1.5]5.c.ii

 Name any two trees found in Tropical Evergreen forests . 

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
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[3]5.d |  Briefly explain each of the following :
[1]5.d.i

 The trees in the Tropical Desert Forest have stunted growth. 

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[1]5.d.ii

There is a gradual increase in the forest cover in India in recent times. 

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[1]5.d.iii

The trees in Monsoon Deciduous forests, shed their leaves for about 6-8 weeks during March and April. 

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[2]6
[2]6.a

“The modern means of irrigation are gaining popularity.” Give two reasons to justify this statement. 

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[2]6.b

Mention two factors that favour the development of tube well irrigation in Punjab.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.c | Give a reason for each of the following :
[1]6.c.i

Most of the South Indian states are not suitable for development of canal irrigation. 

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[1]6.c.ii

 There is an urgent need for water conservation in India. 

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[1]6.c.iii

 Development of irrigation is essential for the growth of the agriculture sector of India. 

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.d |  Briefly explain the following terms :
[1]6.d.i

Inundation canal. 

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[1]6.d.ii

 Rooftop rainwater harvesting. 

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[1]6.d.iii

 Surface water. 

Concept: Sources of Water Resources - (Surface Water and Ground Water)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[10]7
[2]7.a

Give two advantages of using bio-gas as a source of power . 

Concept: Types of Power Resources - Non-conventional Sources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2]7.b |  Name the following :
[1]7.b.i

A metallic mineral for which the Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh is famous. 

Concept: Types of Minerals
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[1]7.b.ii

The multi-purpose project based on the River Sutlej . 

Concept: Types of Power Resources -conventional
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3]7.c |  Give a reason for each of the following :
[1]7.c.i

 Odisha has benefitted greatly from the Hirakud project. 

Concept: Concept of Hydel Power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud).
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[1]7.c.ii

 Copper is used to make electric wires. 

Concept: Distribution of Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[1]7.c.iii

 India’s location is advantageous for the generation of solar power. 

Concept: Distribution of Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3]7.d | Briefly answer the following: :
[1]7.d.i

 Name a mineral used to generate nuclear power. 

Concept: Types of Power Resources - Non-conventional Sources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[1]7.d.ii

Why is petroleum often referred to as “liquid gold”?

Concept: Types of Power Resources -conventional
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[1]7.d.iii

State one disadvantage of using coal as a source of power.

Concept: Types of Power Resources -conventional
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2]8
[2]8.a

 Mention two steps taken by the government to boost agricultural production in India. 

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[2]8.b
[1]8.b.i

Name two varieties of millet grown in India.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[1]8.b.ii

What is the soil requirement for growing millet? 

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.c
[1]8.c.i

Study the picture given below and answer the questions that follow: 

(i) Mention the climatic condition that is suitable for the cultivation of this crop. 

(ii) Name the state that produces the largest amount of this crop. 

(iii) In which cropping season is this crop grown in India? 

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.d | Give a geographical reason for each of the following:
[1]8.d.i

Cultivation of wheat is confined to the northern part of India. 

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[1]8.d.ii

Practicing mixed farming gives security to farmers. 

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
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[1]8.d.iii

Ratoon cropping is gaining popularity among sugarcane cultivators.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[10]9
[2]9.a
[1]9.a.i

Where do the following iron and steel plants get their supply of iron ore from? 

Bhilai Iron and Steel Plant. 

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[1]9.a.ii

Where do the following iron and steel plants get their supply of iron ore from? 

Vishakhapatnam Steel Plant.

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[1]9.b

‘Karnataka has developed as an important state for the growth of the Silk  industry.‘ Give two reasons to justify the statement. 

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]9.c | With reference to sugar industries answer the following questions :
[1]9.c.i

Why should these industries be located close to the sugarcane growing areas? 

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[1]9.c.ii

Name two by-products of the sugar industry. 

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[1]9.c.iii

 Mention one leading sugar producing state in North India and one in South India.

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]9.d | Give a reason for each of the following:
[1]9.d.i

Ahmedabad is an important cotton textile producing centre in India. 

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[1]9.d.ii

Cottage industries are significant for our economy

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[1]9.d.iii

Petrochemical industries are usually located close to the oil refineries. 

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10]10
[2]10.a

“Roadways are an important means of transport in India”. Give two reasons to justify the statement. 

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[2]10.b
[1]10.b.i

Why are South Indian rivers not ideal for the inland water transport? 

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[1]10.b.ii

Mention one advantage of coastal shipping. 

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[3]10.c |  Give a reason for each of the following:
[1]10.c.i

Nearly seventy percent of Indians do not use air transport. 

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[1]10.c.ii

A well-developed transport network is important for industrial growth. 

Concept: Advantages and Disadvantages of Transport
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[1]10.c.iii

Water transport is not as popular as land transport in India. 

Concept: Advantages and Disadvantages of Transport
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[3]10.d
[1.5]10.d.i

“The railway is an important means of transport as compared to, airways.” State two reasons to support the statement. 

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[1.5]10.d.ii

 Mention one disadvantage of rail transport. 

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[10]11
[2]11.a | What impact does the waste accumulation have on the following?
[1]11.a.i

 Quality of air around us. 

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Health Hazards
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[1]11.a.ii

 Quality of water around us.

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Health Hazards
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[2]11.b

Mention two ways in which the decomposition of waste in open areas can affect human health. 

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Health Hazards
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[3]11.c
[1]11.c.i

What can an individual do to reduce waste at home? 

Concept: Need for Waste Management
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[1]11.c.ii

Why musation of waste be done before disposal? 

Concept: Need and Methods for Reducing, Reusing and Recycling Waste.
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[1]11.c.iii

How has composting proven to be a great help in managing waste? 

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[3]11.d | Give a reason for each of the following:
[1]11.d.i

Trees must be planted in the industrial areas. 

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[1]11.d.ii

Chemical fertilizers must be replaced by organic manure

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
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[1]11.d.iii

 Plastic and polythene products must be banned. 

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

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