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Geography Set 1 2017-2018 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

Geography [Set 1]
Marks: 80Academic Year: 2017-2018
Date: March 2018

Question 1 and Question 2 is compulsory.

Attempt any five questions from Question 3 to Questions 11


[20]1
[10]2

On the outline map of India provided:

(a) Shade and label Thar Desert. 
(b) Label the river Narmada. 
(c) Shade and name the Wular Lake. 
(d) Shade and label Kanara coast.
(e) Mark and name Mount Kanchenjunga.
(f) Shade and label a densely-populated region in India.
(g) Shade and label a region with Red soil in India.
(h) Mark with a dot and name Chennai. 
(i) Mark and label the Arabian Sea branch of S.W. Monsoon.
(j) Mark with a dot and name Singhbhum.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[10]3
[2]3.1

How is the winter rainfall of the northwest part of India different from the winter rainfall of the southeast part of India?

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]3.2

Name a state that is the first to experience the onset of the monsoon.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

How does the “Mango shower” influence the state of Karnataka?

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]3.3
[1]3.3.1

Give a reason for each of the following:

Kanyakumari experiences equable climate.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[1]3.3.2

Give a reason for each of the following:

Central Maharashtra gets less rainfall than the coastal area of Maharashtra.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[1]3.3.3

Give a reason for each of the following:

Jaipur has a higher annual range of temperature than Mumbai.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.4

Write three differences between summer monsoon season and retreating monsoon season.

Concept: Seasons - June to September - Monsoon
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[7]4
[2]4.1

Why does alluvial soil differ in texture?

Concept: Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

State two cash crops that grow well in alluvial soil.

Concept: Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[2]4.2

With reference to black soil answer the following:

Name one important crop which grows in this soil.

Concept: Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

With reference to black soil answer the following:

Give one chemical property of this soil.

Concept: Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.3

Give one geographical reason for each of the following:

Red soil requires irrigation.

Concept: Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Give one geographical reason for each of the following:

Afforestation prevents soil from getting eroded.

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Give one geographical reason for each of the following:

Laterite soil is red in colour.

Concept: Types of Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[8]5
[2]5.1

Name an area in India where Tropical Monsoon forest is found.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

How is the forest of great commercial value to India?

Concept: Concept for Forest Conservation
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[2]5.2

With reference to Littoral forest, answer the following questions:

Why do the trees in this forest grow aerial roots?

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

With reference to Littoral forest, answer the following questions:

Name one area in India where this forest is found.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
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[2]5.3

Name a state in India where thorn and the scrub forest is found.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Give two ways by which the trees that are found here have adapted to the climate.

Concept: Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]5.4

Give two ways in which forests are important.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Mention one forest conservation method followed in India.

Concept: Concept for Forest Conservation
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[10]6
[2]6.1

There is plenty of rain in India during the rainy season, yet we need irrigation. Give two reasons to support this statement.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]6.2

Name three traditional means of irrigation.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give a reason why traditional means of irrigation are still important in most parts of India.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.3

Differentiate between Surface water and Groundwater.

Concept: Sources of Water Resources - (Surface Water and Ground Water)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Mention two reasons to explain as to why we are facing water scarcity in most parts of India.

Concept: Need for Conservation and Management of Water
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.4

What is rainwater harvesting?

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

What are the advantages of rainwater harvesting?

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Name two water harvesting system practised in India.

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[10]7
[2]7.1

Give two advantages that non-conventional energy sources have over conventional energy sources.

Concept: Types of Power Resources - Non-conventional Sources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2]7.2

Mention one advantage of the use of natural gas over coal or petroleum

Concept: Types of Power Resources -conventional
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Name one offshore oil field of India

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[3]7.3 | Answer the following
[1]7.3.1

State one industrial use of copper

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[1]7.3.2

Mention one advantage of generating power from biogas.

Concept: Distribution of Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[1]7.3.3

Name the mineral that toughens steel and makes it rust- proof.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3]7.4

Name the metal obtained from Bauxite. Give any one use of the metal mentioned by you.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Which multi-purpose project provides power to both Punjab and Himachal Pradesh?

Concept: Concept of Hydel Power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud).
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[10]8
[2]8.1

With reference to the cultivation of tea answer the following:

Why is tea grown on hill slopes?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

With reference to the cultivation of tea answer the following:

Why tea bushes have to be pruned at regular intervals?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
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[2]8.2

With reference to rice cultivation answer the following

Why does the cultivation of rice require a lot of manual labour?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

With reference to rice cultivation answer the following

Mention two geographical conditions which suit the cultivation of rice.

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.3

Give a geographical reason for each of the following:

Cotton is a labour intensive crop.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give a geographical reason for each of the following:

Jute is retted after it has been harvested.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give a geographical reason for each of the following:

The growing of pulses is important in India.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.4

Why is agriculture important in India?

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Name the two main agriculture seasons of India.

Concept: Concept of Agricultural Seasons (Rabi, Kharif, Zayad).
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

What is mixed farming?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[10]9
[2]9.1

Name the private sector iron and steel plant of India.

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

From where does it get its supply of:

1. Iron ore
2. Manganese
3. Coal

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2]9.2

Mention any two problems faced by the cotton textile industry of India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]9.3

Give geographical reasons for the following:

Silk industry is doing particularly well in Karnataka.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give geographical reasons for the following:

Petrochemical products are gaining popularity in modern times.

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give geographical reasons for the following:

The electronics industry is proving to be an asset to our country in the field of education.

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]9.4

Name the following

A city most famous for electronic and hence called “The Electronics Capital of India”.

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name the following:

The location of an iron and steel industry set up with German collaboration.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name the following:

A by-product of sugar industry which is used in the manufacture of wax and shoe polish.

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10]10
[2]10.1

Give two reasons for the “means of transport” being called the lifelines of a nation’s economy.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[2]10.2

Give two ways in which rail transport is useful for the people of India.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[3]10.3

State one advantage of inland waterways.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport

State one advantage of roadways.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport

State one disadvantage of water transport.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[3]10.4

Give three reasons as to why airways are becoming a popular means of transport in modern India.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[10]11
[2]11.1

Give two reasons as to why there is a need for safe waste disposal.

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[2]11.2

How can waste be reused? Explain with the help of an example.

Concept: Need and Methods for Reducing, Reusing and Recycling Waste.
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[3]11.3

Mention one way in which waste accumulation has an effect on the following:

aquatic life

Concept: Effect on Terrestrial, Aquatic (Fresh Water and Marine) Life
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

Mention one way in which waste accumulation has an effect on the following:

terrestrial life

Concept: Effect on Terrestrial, Aquatic (Fresh Water and Marine) Life
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

Mention one way in which waste accumulation has an effect on the following:

landscape

Concept: Effect on Terrestrial, Aquatic (Fresh Water and Marine) Life
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
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[2]11.4

What do you mean by the following terms?

Segregation

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What do you mean by the following terms?

Composting

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What do you mean by the following terms?

Dumping

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
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